List of New Zealand animals extinct in the Holocene

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The extinct moa (Megalapteryx didinus)

This is an incomplete list of extinct animals of New Zealand. This list covers only extinctions from the Holocene epoch.

Mammals[edit]

Bats, and a recently discovered extinct mouse-sized creature,[1] are the only land mammals known to have inhabited New Zealand before humans arrived. Fossil marine mammals have been found. New Zealand now has two surviving species of endemic bat.

Common name Scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Greater short-tailed bat Mystacina robusta[2] 1965 New Zealand --

Birds[edit]

Extinctions since 19th-century European settlement[edit]

Common name Scientific name Extinction date Range Image
Auckland Islands shore plover Thinornis rossi 1840 New Zealand (Auckland Islands) Auckland Islands Shore plover
Bush wren Xenicus longipes 1972 New Zealand Bush wren
Chatham bellbird Anthornis melanocephala 1906 New Zealand (Chatham Islands) Chatham bellbird
Chatham fernbird Bowdleria rufescens 1895 New Zealand (Chatham Islands) Chatham fernbird
Chatham Islands penguin Eudyptes chathamensis 1872? New Zealand (Chatham Islands) --
Chatham Islands rail Cabalus modestus 1900 New Zealand (Chatham Islands) Chatham Islands rail
Crested moa Pachyornis australis 1850s New Zealand (South Island) --
Dieffenbach's rail Gallirallus dieffenbachii 1872 New Zealand (Chatham Islands) Dieffenbach's rail
Finsch's duck Chenonetta finschi 1870 New Zealand --
Hawkins's rail Diaphorapteryx hawkinsi late 19th century New Zealand (Chatham Islands) --
Huia Heteralocha acutirostris 28 December 1907 New Zealand Huia
Laughing owl Sceloglaux albifacies 5 July 1914 New Zealand Laughing owl
Lyall's wren Xenicus lyalli 1894 New Zealand Lyall's wren
Mysterious starling Aplonis mavornata 1774 New Zealand (Cook Islands) --
New Zealand little bittern Ixobrychus novaezelandiae 1890s New Zealand New Zealand little bittern
New Zealand merganser Mergus australis 9 January 1902 New Zealand (Auckland Islands) Auckland Islands merganser
New Zealand quail Coturnix novaezelandidae 1875 New Zealand New Zealand quail
North Island piopio Turnagra tanagra 1900 New Zealand (North Island) North Island piopio (front)
North Island snipe Coenocorypha barrierensis 1870 New Zealand (North Island) North Island snipe
North Island takahē Porphyrio mantelli 1894? New Zealand (North Island) --
South Island piopio Turnagra capensis 1963 New Zealand (South Island) South Island piopio (rear)
South Island snipe Coenocorypha iredalei 1960s New Zealand (South Island) --

Extinctions since 14th century Māori settlement[edit]

Common name Scientific name Extinction date[citation needed] Range Image
Adzebill Aptornis defossor and Aptornis otidiformis 16th century New Zealand Adzebill
Bush moa Anomalopteryx didiformis 15th century New Zealand Bush moa
Chatham Islands duck Pachyanas chathamica 17th century New Zealand (Chatham Islands) --
Coastal moa Euryapteryx curtus 16th century New Zealand Coastal moa
Eastern moa Emeus crassus 16th century New Zealand (South Island) Eastern moa
Eyles's harrier Circus eylesi 1777 New Zealand --
Giant moa Dinornis sp. 16th century New Zealand Giant moa
Haast's eagle Harpagornis moorei 16th century New Zealand (South Island) Haast's eagle (Upper Left)
Heavy-footed moa Pachyornis elephantopus 16th century New Zealand (South Island) Heavy-footed moa
Hodgen's waterhen Gallinula hodgenorum 16th century New Zealand --
Long-billed wren Dendroscansor decurvirostris 14th century New Zealand (South Island) --
New Zealand geese Cnemiornis calcitrans and Cnemiornis gracilis 16th century New Zealand Cnemiornis calcitrans
New Zealand raven Corvus antipodum 16th century New Zealand --
New Zealand musk duck Biziura delautouri 16th century New Zealand --
New Zealand swan Cygnus atratus sumnerensis 16th century New Zealand (South Island and Chatham Islands) --
Scarlett's duck Malacorhynchus scarletti 16th century New Zealand --
Upland moa Megalapteryx didinus 16th century New Zealand (South Island) Upland moa
Waitaha penguin Megadyptes waitaha 14th century[3] New Zealand --

Extinctions before 14th century[edit]

New Zealand owlet-nightjar Aegotheles novazelandiae 13th century New Zealand --
Scarlett's shearwater Puffinus spelaeus 13th century New Zealand (South Island) --
Snipe-rail Capellirallus karamu 13th century New Zealand (North Island) --
Stout-legged wren Pachyplichas yaldwyni 11th century New Zealand (Chatham Islands)
Chatham Raven Corvus moriorum 8000 BC New Zealand (Chatham Islands) --

Reptiles[edit]

Amphibians[edit]

Fish[edit]

Common name Scientific name Extinction date Range Image
New Zealand grayling Prototroctes oxyrhynchus[6] 1930s New Zealand New Zealand grayling

Insects[edit]

Molluscs[edit]

Placostylus ambagiosus priscus

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Nowak, Rachel (11 December 2006). "Fossils reveal New Zealand's indigenous 'mouse'". NewScientist. Retrieved 21 January 2017. 
  2. ^ O'Donnell, C. (2008). "Mystacina robusta". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2008: e.T14260A4427606. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2008.RLTS.T14260A4427606.en. Retrieved 13 January 2018. 
  3. ^ Fox, Rebecca (20 November 2008). "Ancient species of penguin found in DNA of bones". Otago Daily Times. Archived from the original on 9 June 2011. Retrieved 20 November 2008. 
  4. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1996). "Hoplodactylus delcourti". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1996: e.T10254A3185278. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.1996.RLTS.T10254A3185278.en. Retrieved 13 January 2018. 
  5. ^ Australasian Reptile & Amphibian Specialist Group (1996). "Oligosoma gracilicorpus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1996: e.T15266A4508504. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.1996.RLTS.T15266A4508504.en. Retrieved 13 January 2018. 
  6. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1996). "Prototroctes oxyrhynchus (New Zealand Grayling)". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  7. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1996). "Mecodema punctellum". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 1996: e.T12922A3398669. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.1996.RLTS.T12922A3398669.en. Retrieved 13 January 2018. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]