List of hill forts in England

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There are over 1,350 known hill forts in England and Wales.[1] Given the effects of erosion, some smaller sites have been destroyed and the actual number of hill forts constructed was probably higher, possibly around 1,600. England's hill forts are concentrated in the south and west, with especially high numbers in the south-western peninsula (Devon and Cornwall have a total of 285 hill forts). There are also 570 hill forts in Wales, and some in Scotland.[1] Although some originate in the Bronze Age, the majority of hill forts in Britain were constructed during the Iron Age (about 8th century BC to the Roman conquest of Britain). There was a trend in the 2nd century BC for hill forts to fall out of use.[2]


Contents
Bedfordshire · Berkshire · Bristol · Buckinghamshire · Cambridgeshire · Cheshire · Cleveland · Cornwall · Cumbria · Derbyshire · Devon · Dorset · East Sussex · Essex · Gloucestershire · Greater Manchester · Hampshire · Herefordshire · Hertfordshire · Kent · Lancashire · Leicestershire · Norfolk · Northamptonshire · Northumberland · North Yorkshire · Nottinghamshire · Oxfordshire · Shropshire · Somerset · South Yorkshire · Staffordshire · Surrey · West Midlands · West Sussex · West Yorkshire · Wiltshire · Worcestershire
See also · References

Bedfordshire[edit]

Berkshire[edit]

Bristol[edit]

Buckinghamshire[edit]

Cambridgeshire[edit]

Cheshire[edit]

Cleveland[edit]

Cornwall[edit]

Cumbria[edit]

Derbyshire[edit]

Devon[edit]

Dorset[edit]

East Sussex[edit]

Essex[edit]

Gloucestershire[edit]

Greater Manchester[edit]

Hampshire[edit]

Herefordshire[edit]

Hertfordshire[edit]

Kent[edit]

Lancashire[edit]

Leicestershire[edit]

Norfolk[edit]

North Yorkshire[edit]

Northamptonshire[edit]

Northumberland[edit]

Oxfordshire[edit]

Shropshire[edit]

Somerset[edit]

South Yorkshire[edit]

Staffordshire[edit]

Surrey[edit]

West Midlands[edit]

West Sussex[edit]

West Yorkshire[edit]

Wiltshire[edit]

Worcestershire[edit]

Walbury Hill, Berkshire
Wittenham Clumps, Oxfordshire (formerly Berkshire)
Bickerton Hill, Cheshire
Castle an Dinas, Cornwall
Castle Crag, Cumbria
Danebury Ring
Cadbury Castle, Somerset
Carl Wark, Peak District
Old Sarum, by John Constable
Hembury Hillfort
Eston Nab, North Yorkshire
Beacon Hill, Hampshire
British Camp, Herefordshire

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Forde-Johnston (1976), p. 1.
  2. ^ Cunliffe (1983), p. 74.
  3. ^ a b c d e "English Heritage National Monuments record: Bedfordshire". Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  4. ^ "The megalithic portal: List of Hillforts in Bedfordshire". Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  5. ^ "The megalithis portal: List of Hillforts in Berkshire". Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  6. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/11882/bussock_camp.html
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "English Heritage National Monuments record: Berkshire". Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  8. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/4620/perborough_castle.html
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "English Heritage National Monuments record: Avon". Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "English Heritage National Monuments record: Bedfordshire". Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  11. ^ "The megalithic portal: List of hillforts in Buckinghamshire". Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f "English Heritage National Monuments Record: Cambridgeshire". Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  13. ^ "The megalithic portal: List of hillforts in Cambridgeshire". Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  14. ^ a b c d e f g h "English Heritage National Monuments record: Cheshire". Retrieved 13 February 2011.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "EHChesh" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  15. ^ "The megalithic portal: List of hillforts in Cheshire". Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  16. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "The megalithic portal: List of hillforts in Cornwall". Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  17. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc "English Heritage National Monuments record: Cornwall". Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "English Heritage National Monuments record: Cumbria". Retrieved 15 February 2011. 
  19. ^ "English Heritage National Monuments record: Castle Howe Hillfort". Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  20. ^ a b c d e f "English Heritage National Monuments Record: Derbyshire". Retrieved 16 February 2011. 
  21. ^ *Rawlsbury Camp
  22. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/12531/ashleys_copse.html
  23. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/8672/balksbury.html
  24. ^ http://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=2240
  25. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/12559/bevisbury.html
  26. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/2112/buckland_rings.html
  27. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/12532/bullsdown_camp.html
  28. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/6736/bury_hill.html
  29. ^ http://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=11599
  30. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/11102/castle_hill.html
  31. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/4348/chilworth_ring.html
  32. ^ http://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=1379
  33. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/12562/dunwood_camp.html
  34. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/4122/frankenbury_camp.html
  35. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/12563/gorley_hill.html
  36. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/12564/hamble_common_camp.html
  37. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/4159/knoll_camp.html
  38. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/4150/ladle_hill.html
  39. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/12565/lockerley_camp.html
  40. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/12566/merdon_castle.html
  41. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/4283/norsebury_ring.html
  42. ^ http://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=4731
  43. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/12567/olivers_battery.html
  44. ^ http://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=4732
  45. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/4918/quarley_hill.html
  46. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/3392/st_catherines_hill.html
  47. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/5355/tidbury_ring.html
  48. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/12530/frith.html
  49. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/4350/toothill_fort.html
  50. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/12568/tourner_bury.html
  51. ^ http://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=11334
  52. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/8679/winklebury.html
  53. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/3741/woolbury.html
  54. ^ http://www.megalithic.co.uk/article.php?sid=11447
  55. ^ http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/8917/titterstone_clee_hill.html
  56. ^ castle&rational=q&recordsperpage=10 "Pastscape page for Grovely castle" Check |url= value (help). Retrieved 11 March 2012. 
Bibliography
  • Cunliffe, Barry (1983). Danebury: Anatomy of an Iron Age Hillfort. Batsford Ltd. ISBN 0-7134-0998-3 
  • Forde-Johnston, J (1976). Hillforts of the Iron Age in England and Wales: a survey of the surface evidence. Liverpool University Press. ISBN 0-85323-381-0 

Further reading[edit]

  • Forde-Johnston, James (1962), "The Iron Age Hillforts of Lancashire and Cheshire", Transactions of the Lancashire and Cheshire Antiquarian Society 72: 9–46 
  • Sutton, J. E. G. (1966), "Iron Age Hill-Forts and some other Earthworks in Oxfordshire", Oxoniensia 31: 28–42 

External links[edit]