List of mangrove ecoregions

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This is a list of mangrove ecoregions ordered according to whether they lie in the Afrotropic, Australasian, Indomalayan or Neotropic areas of the world. Mangrove estuaries such as those found in the Sundarbans of southwestern Bangladesh are rich productive ecosystems which serve as spawning grounds and nurseries for shrimp, crabs, and many fish species, a richness which is lost if the area is cleared and converted to ponds for shrimp farming or rice paddies.[1]


Central African mangroves Angola, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Niger Delta
East African mangroves Kenya, Mozambique, Tanzania
Guinean mangroves Senegal, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Ivory Coast
Madagascar mangroves Madagascar
Southern Africa mangroves Mozambique, South Africa


New Guinea mangroves Indonesia
Australian mangroves Australia
New Zealand mangroves New Zealand


Godavari-Krishna mangroves India
Pichavaram India
Indochina mangroves Cambodia, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam
Indus River Delta-Arabian Sea mangroves Pakistan
Myanmar coast mangroves Myanmar, India, Malaysia, Thailand
Sunda Shelf mangroves Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia
Sundarbans mangroves Bangladesh, India


Alvarado mangroves Mexico
Amapá mangroves Brazil
Bahamian mangroves Bahamas, Turks and Caicos Islands
Bahia mangroves Brazil
Belizean Coast mangroves Belize
Belizean Reef mangroves Belize
Bocas del Toro-San Bastimentos Island-San Blas mangroves Costa Rica, Panama
Coastal Venezuelan mangroves Venezuela
Esmeraldes-Pacific Colombia mangroves Colombia, Ecuador
Florida mangroves United States
Greater Antilles mangroves Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico
Guianan mangroves French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Venezuela
Gulf of Fonseca mangroves El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua
Gulf of Guayaquil-Tumbes mangroves Ecuador, Peru
Gulf of Panama mangroves Panama
Ilha Grande mangroves Brazil
Lesser Antilles mangroves Lesser Antilles
Magdalena-Santa Marta mangroves Colombia
Manabí mangroves Ecuador
Maranhão mangroves Brazil
Marismas Nacionales-San Blas mangroves Mexico
Mayan Corridor mangroves Mexico
Mexican South Pacific Coast mangroves Mexico
Moist Pacific Coast mangroves Costa Rica, Panama
Mosquitia-Nicaraguan Caribbean Coast mangroves Costa Rica, Honduras, Nicaragua
Northern Dry Pacific Coast mangroves El Salvador, Guatemala
Northern Honduras mangroves Guatemala, Honduras
Pará mangroves Brazil
Petenes mangroves Mexico
Piura mangroves Peru
Ría Lagartos mangroves Mexico
Rio Negro-Rio San Sun mangroves Costa Rica, Nicaragua
Rio Piranhas mangroves Brazil
Rio São Francisco mangroves Brazil
Southern Dry Pacific Coast mangroves Costa Rica, Nicaragua
Tehuantepec-El Manchon mangroves Mexico
Trinidad mangroves Trinidad and Tobago
Usumacinta mangroves Mexico

See also[edit]


  1. ^ American Association for the Advancement of Science, Paul Harrison, Fred Pearce, and Peter H. Raven (May 7, 2001). "Mangroves and estuaries". AAAS Atlas of Population and Environment (hardcover). University of California Press. p. 139. ISBN 978-0520230811.