List of women aviators
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This is a list of notable women aviators — women prominent in the field of aviation as constructors, designers, pilots and sponsors. It also includes a list of organizations of women aviators.
- Aida de Acosta (1884–1962), first woman to fly a powered aircraft alone
- Margaret Adams, Australian aviator; first president of the Australian Women's Flying Club, in 1938
- Leman Altınçekiç, First female accredited jet pilot (1958) in Turkey and NATO.
- Princess Anne of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Freudenberg, second woman to attempt a flight across the Atlantic
- Gaby Angelini (b. 1911), first Italian woman to complete a trans-European flight
- Kimberly Anyadike (b. 1994), youngest African-American female pilot to complete a transcontinental flight
- Tamar Ariel (d. 2014), Israel's first Jewish female religiously observant air force pilot, in 2012
- Jacqueline Auriol (1917–2000), French test pilot who rivalled Jacqueline Cochran in breaking speed records
- Micky Axton (1919–2010), one of the first three Women Air Force Service Pilots (WASPs) to be trained as a test pilot; first woman to fly a B-29
- Asli Hassan Abade, A prominent Somali pilot, military figure, and civil activist.
- Pancho Barnes (1901–1975), granddaughter of balloonist Thaddeus Lowe; founded the Women's Air Reserve, Associated Motion Picture Pilots and became the "mother of the Air Force"
- Mary Barr (1925–2010), first female pilot to join the US Forest Service and become National Aviation Safety Officer
- Jean Batten (1909–1982), made first solo flight from United Kingdom to New Zealand in the 1930s
- Ann Baumgartner (1918–2008), test pilot; first American woman to fly a U.S. Army Air Forces jet aircraft (a Bell YP-59A jet fighter)
- Amelie Beese (1886–1925), first woman pilot in Germany
- Elly Beinhorn (1907–2007), German enthusiast who made long-distance flights on every continent and flew around the world
- Dagny Berger (1903–1950), Norway's first woman aviator
- Susana Ferrari Billinghurst (1914–1999), Argentinian pilot; first woman in South America to gain a commercial pilot's licence, in 1937
- Lilian Bland (1878–1971), built her own aircraft; first woman to fly in Ireland
- Line Bonde (b. c.1979), first Danish woman to become a fighter pilot, in 2006
- Ana Branger (born early 1920s), early Venezuelan aviator
- Jill E. Brown (born 1950), first African American female pilot for a major US carrier
- Willa Brown (1906–1992), first black woman to hold both a commercial and private licence in the US; founded the National Negro Airmen Association of America; first black female to be an officer in the Civil Air Patrol
- Mrs Victor Bruce (1895–1990), born Mildred Mary but most famous by her married name; first woman to fly around the world alone and the first to be prosecuted for speeding
- Millicent Bryant (1878–1927), first woman to earn a pilot's licence in Australia
- Beverly Burns (b. 1949), American pilot, possibly the first woman to captain a jumbo jet (see Lynn Rippelmeyer)
- Mary Calcaño (1906–1992), first Venezuelan woman to be granted a pilot's license
- Maie Casey, first patron of the Australian Association of Woman Pilots
- Pearl Laska Chamberlain, first woman to solo a single-engine airplane up the Alaska Highway (1946)
- Katherine Cheung, first Chinese-American woman to get a pilot's licence
- Jerrie Cobb, first woman to fly in the Paris Air Show and to be tested as an astronaut
- Jacqueline Cochran (1908–1980), first woman to fly faster than the speed of sound
- Bessie Coleman, first African-American woman pilot, earned her license in France 1921
- Eileen Collins, former test pilot and NASA astronaut; first female pilot and first female commander of a space shuttle
- Jessica Cox, world's first armless licensed pilot
- Mary Rawlinson Creason, first woman hired by the Government of Michigan
- Lettice Curtis, early member of the Air Transport Auxiliary; first woman to fly a four-engined bomber
- Susan Darcy (born 1956), first female test pilot for Boeing
- Vera Strodl Dowling (1918–2015), Danish World War II test pilot and later flight instructor in Alberta, Canada
- Mariana Drăgescu (1912–2013), Romanian military pilot in World War II
- Margot Duke, Marchioness of Reading, society beauty who was one of the first women in Britain to get a pilot's licence
- Hélène Dutrieu, first woman pilot in Belgium and to carry a passenger; caused a sensation by flying without a corset
- Amelia Earhart (1897–1937), first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic
- Amelia Rose Earhart (born 1983), reporter and pilot
- Lotfia Elnadi (1907-2002), first Egyptian woman to earn her pilot license 1933
- Ruth Elder, pilot and actress known as the "Miss America of Aviation"
- Mary Ellis (1917–2018), last surviving British World War II pilot
- Rosina Ferrario (1888–1957), first Italian woman to receive a pilot's licence, in January 1913
- Amalia Celia Figueredo (1895–1985), Argentine aviator; first woman in Argentina, and possibly Latin America, to obtain a pilot's license in 1914 with Paul Castaibert
- Kathleen Fox (born 1951), Canadian flight instructor, air traffic controller and business executive
- Mathilde Franck (1866–1956), early French aviator; learned to fly in 1910
- Wally Funk, one of the Mercury 13; first female air safety investigator at the FAA
- Maggie Gee, American aviator who served in the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs) in World War II
- Betty Gillies, pioneering American aviator; first pilot to qualify for the Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron
- Sabiha Gökçen, adopted by Kemal Atatürk; Turkey's first female combat pilot
- Patricia Graham (d. 2016), Australian aviator, founding member of the Australian Women Pilots' Association in 1950
- Valentina Grizodubova, long distance flyer and wartime hero; the most decorated woman in the Soviet Union
- Julie Ann Gibson Flight Lieutenant Julie Ann Gibson was the first full-time female pilot for the Royal Air Force when she graduated in 1991
- Melissa Haney (b. 1981), first female Inuk pilot to reach the rank of captain
- Else Haugk (1889–1973), first Swiss woman to earn a pilot's licence, in May 1914
- Mary, Lady Heath, first woman to fly solo across Africa from Cape Town to Cairo
- Jane Herveu (1885–1955), pioneering French aviator; received her licence on 7 December 1910
- Hilda Hewlett, first woman to get a British pilot's licence and to open the first flying school there
- Tadashi Hyōdō (1899-1980), first woman to obtain a pilot's licence in Japan, in March 1922.
- Gidsken Jakobsen, Norwegian aviation pioneer
- Mary Goodrich Jenson, first woman to fly solo to Cuba; first woman to earn a pilot's license in Connecticut
- Amy Johnson, first woman to fly from England to Australia alone
- Elvy Kalep, Estonia's first female pilot
- Shawna Rochelle Kimbrell, first African American female fighter pilot in U.S. Air Force
- Opal Kunz, founding member and first president of the Ninety-Nines; founding member and first president of the Betsy Ross Air Corps; as an instructor in the Civilian Pilot Training Program, she trained over 400 cadets in the Air Corps during World War II
- Raymonde de Laroche, first woman in the world to get a pilot's licence
- Ruth Law (1887–1970), American aviator who looped the loop twice at Daytona Beach in 1915
- Constance Leathart, first British woman outside London to get a pilot's licence
- Hazel Ying Lee, Chinese-American pilot who flew for the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II
- Lydia Litvyak, fighter ace; first woman to shoot down an aircraft
- Ila Loetscher, female aviation pioneer and activist on behalf of sea turtles
- Rose Lok, first female Chinese-American pilot in New England
- Elsie MacGill, world's first female aircraft designer, known as "Queen of the Hurricanes"
- Beryl Markham, first woman to fly west across the Atlantic alone, direct from England to North America
- Marie Marvingt, first woman to fly from Europe to England across the North Sea by balloon
- Angela Masson, first woman to qualify to fly a jumbo jet
- Luisa Elena Contreras Mattera (1922–2006), in 1943, first woman to be granted a pilot's licence in Venezuela
- Pamela Melroy, former NASA astronaut who served as pilot on Space Shuttle missions
- Betty Miller, first woman to fly solo across the Pacific
- Violet Milstead, Canadian Air Transport Auxiliary pilot during WWII and the first female bush pilot
- Jerrie Mock, first woman to fly solo around the world
- Jennifer Murray, first woman to fly solo around the world in a helicopter
- Siza Mzimela, founder of South African airline
- Lyalya Nasukhanova (1939–2000), first Chechen woman pilot; attempted to join the cosmonaut corps but rejected because of her ethnicity
- Carina Negrone (1911–1991), Italian aviator; reached a record-breaking 12,043 metres (39,402 ft) in a propeller-powered plane
- Ruth Nichols (1901–1960), set many aviation records and started the first air ambulance service in the US
- Marthe Niel (1878–1928), French aviator; second woman in the world to receive a pilot's licence
- Ruth Law Oliver, first woman pilot to wear a military uniform and the first to deliver air mail to the Philippines
- Phoebe Omlie, first woman to receive an airplane mechanic's license; first licensed woman transport pilot
- Suzanne Parish, member of the Women Airforce Service Pilots; co-founder of the Kalamazoo Aviation History Museum
- Ingrid Pedersen, first woman to fly to over the North Pole
- Thérèse Peltier (1873–1926), French aviator; first woman to pilot a heavier-than-air craft at Turin in 1908
- Harriet Quimby (1875–1912), first woman to get a US pilot's licence and fly across the English Channel
- Carol Rabadi, Captain of the first all-female flight crew on Royal Jordanian
- Bessie Raiche, one of the first women to fly solo in the US (see Blanche Scott)
- Molly Reilly, first female Canadian pilot to reach the rank of captain, and the first woman to fly to the Arctic professionally
- Hanna Reitsch, German glider pilot who established many records and became a test pilot in WWII
- Ola Mildred Rexroat, only Native American woman to serve in the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs)
- Margaret Ringenberg, started as a WASP and then won hundreds of trophies racing
- Lynn Rippelmeyer, one of the first women to captain a jumbo jet (see Beverly Burns)
- Ada Rogato (1920–1986), record-breaking Brazilian woman aviator
- Molly Rose, one of the few living female pilots of the Air Transport Auxiliary who flew Spitfires during WWII
- Nadia Russo (1901–1988), pioneering Romanian aviator
- Nicola Scaife, Australian hot-air balloonist; winner of the FAI Women's Championship in 2014 and 2016
- Melitta Schenk Gräfin von Stauffenberg, aeronautical engineer who became a Luftwaffe test pilot during WWII
- Blanche Scott (1885–1970), possibly the first American women to fly solo (see Bessie Raiche)
- Sheila Scott, first person to fly over the North Pole in a light aircraft
- Tammie Jo Shults (born around 1962), one of the first US Navy fighter pilots and captain of Southwest Airlines Flight 1380
- Betty Skelton, the fastest woman on Earth
- Elinor Smith (1911–2010), "Flying Flapper of Freeport" who was, at age sixteen, the youngest licensed pilot in the world
- Eula Pearl Carter Scott (1915–2005) of Chickasaw Nation became the youngest pilot to solo at 13 in her Curtiss Robin OX-5 the U.S. on September 12, 1929. She had approximately one year instruction to fly by family friend Wiley Post. Wiley Post also found the Curtiss Robin for George Carter (Father) to buy for Pearl.
- Ida Van Smith, educator who was the first African-American woman in the International Forest of Friendship
- Neta Snook, first woman to run an aviation business; taught Amelia Earhart how to fly
- Winifred Spooner (1900–1933), British aviator; most outstanding female aviator of 1929
- Katherine Stinson, "Flying Schoolgirl" who was the first woman to loop the loop; sister of Marjorie Stinson
- Marjorie Stinson, American exhibition pilot and instructor and the first female airmail pilot in the United States; sister of Katherine Stinson
- Marina Știrbei (1912–2001), Romanian aviator who founded the women's White Squadron in World War II
- Antonie Strassmann (1901–1952), German an aerobatic aviator (emigrated to the US in 2932), who flew a Zeppelin from Germany to Pernambuco, Brazil in 1932. She performed aerobatic flights, including at the 1930 National Air Races in Chicago, represented and consulted with aviation companies, and gave interviews to the press.
- Louise Thaden, winner of the first Powder Puff Derby
- Penny Thompson, American aviator, promoter of women's intercontinental air shows, and aviation publisher
- Bonnie Tiburzi, first female pilot for American Airlines and the first female pilot for a major American commercial airline.
- Bobbi Trout (1906–2003), set endurance records and was the first woman to fly all night
- Polly Vacher, flew solo around the world in a record-breaking small plane
- Dolors Vives Rodon (1909–2007), pioneering Catalan aviator
- Patty Wagstaff, first woman to win the US Aerobatic Championship
- Nancy Bird Walton, pioneering Australian aviator who founded the Australian Women Pilots' Association
- Zheng Wang (Julie Wang, Wang Zheng, 王争), first Asian woman to circumnavigate Earth in an airplane, first Chinese person to fly solo around-the-world; first Chinese female pilot to fly around the world
- Emily Howell Warner, first woman captain of a scheduled US airline
- Fay Gillis Wells, founder member of the Ninety-Nines and its first secretary; one of the earliest female members of the Caterpillar Club
- Benedetta Willis, one of the first 5 women to get RAF wings, in the 1950s.
- Edna Gardner Whyte, trained many military pilots in WWII; first female member of the Daedalian fraternity
- Patricia Yapp Syau Yin, Malaysian military pilot; first Asian woman to fly a MiG-29
- Jeana Yeager, co-pilot of the first non-stop flight around the world without refuelling
- Lydia Zvereva (1890–1916), first woman in Russia to earn a pilot's license
- Air Transport Auxiliary (ATA)
- Betsy Ross Air Corps
- Night Witches
- Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASP)
- Women in Aviation, International
- Women's Air Derby
- Women's Auxiliary Air Force (WAAF)
- Women's Flying Training Detachment
- Women's Royal Air Force
- Ashcroft, Bruce (2006), Latinas in the United States: a historical encyclopedia, Indiana University Press, pp. 188–189, ISBN 0-253-34681-9
- Douglas Martin (17 February 2000), "Jacqueline Auriol, Top French Test Pilot, 82", New York Times
- Randal Fulkerson (2003), "Barnes, Florence "Pancho" Lowe", Encyclopedia of Women in the American West, SAGE Publications, pp. 26–27, ISBN 9781452265261
- Gibson 2013, p. 136-141.
- Morgan, Woody (6 February 2001). "Aviation hall of fame induction next for Barr". Lassen County Times. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
- Lebow 2003, p. 98.
- Ruffin 2011, p. 84.
- Lebow 2003, p. 203-214.
- Gibson 2013, p. 90-96.
- John Bullock (2002), "The Remarkable Mrs Victor Bruce", Fast Women, p. 43, ISBN 9781861054883
- Elizabeth S. Bell (1994), Sisters of the Wind: Voices of Early Women Aviators, p. 78, ISBN 9780962387944
- Gibson 2013, p. 145.
- Diane Langmore (2007), "Casey, Ethel Marian (Maie) (1891–1983)", Australian Dictionary of Biography
- Gibson 2013, p. 79-83.
- Donald James, "Meet: Jerrie Cobb, First woman to undergo the testing developed for the selection of the Mercury Astronauts", Female Frontiers, NASA
- Gibson 2013, p. 197-202.
- Rhonda Smith-Daugherty (2012), Jacqueline Cochran: Biography of a Pioneer Aviator, McFarland, ISBN 9780786489961
- "Bessie Coleman (1892 -1926)", Fly Girls, PBS, 1999
- "Rawlinson Creason, Mary". MDOT. Archived from the original on 5 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
- Shayler David, Ian Moule (2006), Women in Space, Springer, p. 33, ISBN 9781846280788
- Marcus Williamson (18 May 2015), "The Dowager Marchioness of Reading: Society beauty who defied convention to fly planes and race cars, and outraged many with her views on hooligans", The Independent
- Lebow 2003, p. 44-64.
- Welch 1998, p. 63.
- "The Ruth Elder Page of the Parks Airport Register Web Site". Parksfield.org. Retrieved 2014-03-01.
- Gibson 2013, p. 148-154.
- M. Şükrü Hanioğlu, Ataturk: An Intellectual Biography, p. 210, ISBN 1400838177
- Gibson 2013, p. 118-124.
- "Pilot becomes first female Inuk captain for Air Inuit". CBC News. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
- Claire Cohen (17 March 2015), "Cape Town to Cairo in a Forties plane: Meet Britain's daredevil female aviatrix", Daily Telegraph
- Gail Hewlett (2010), Old Bird: The Irrepressible Mrs Hewlett, Matador, ISBN 9781848763371
- "Mary Goodrich Jenson". Connecticut Women's Hall of Fame.
- Constance Babington Smith (2004), Amy Johnson, Sutton, ISBN 9780750937030
- Gibson 2013, p. 8-15.
- Constance Leathart: The forgotten 'aviatrix' of WW2, BBC, 9 October 2015
- Henry Sakaida (2012), Heroines of the Soviet Union 1941-45, Osprey, p. 14, ISBN 9781780966519
- Mary S. Lovell (2011), Straight on Till Morning: The Life of Beryl Markham, W. W. Norton, ISBN 9780393342086
- Françoise Baron Boilley (2013), Marie Marvingt: A l'aventure du sport, Editions L'Harmattan, ISBN 9782336323800
- Thomas 1996, p. 29.
- Gene Nora Jessen (2002), "Ocean Flying", Powder Puff Derby Of 1929, Sourcebooks, p. 269, ISBN 9781402229725
- Douglas 2015, p. 161.
- "Chopper granny rounds globe", The Guardian, 6 September 2000
- Gibson 2013, p. 186-191.
- Gibson 2013, p. 172-178.
- Tony Dedal (2008), Wings Over the Philippines, p. 9, ISBN 9711011816
- Gibson 2013, p. 161-166.
- "Harriet Quimby (1875 - 1912)", Fly Girls, PBS, 1999
- Lebow 2003, p. 131-144.
- Robert S. Wistrich (2013), Who's Who in Nazi Germany, Routledge, pp. 199–200, ISBN 9781136413889
- Veronica Horwell (6 October 2008), "Margaret Ringenberg", The Guardian
- Jacky Hyams (2012), "Molly Rose", The Female Few: Spitfire Heroines of the Air Transport Auxiliary, The History Press, ISBN 9780752481227
- Ernst Probst (2010), Melitta Gräfin Schenk von Stauffenberg: Deutsche Heldin mit Gewissensbissen, GRIN Verlag, ISBN 9783640545735
- Julie Cummins (2001), Tomboy of the Air: Daredevil Pilot Blanche Stuart Scott, HarperCollins, ISBN 9780060291389
- Kirstin Olsen (1994), Chronology of Women's History, p. 321, ISBN 0313288038
- Carol Butler (2016), "A Conversation with Betty Skelton Frankman, Aviatrix Pioneer and the "Fastest Woman on Earth"", Quest: The History of Spaceflight, 23 (3), ISSN 1065-7738
- Patricia Sullivan (24 March 2010), "Pioneering pilot Elinor Smith Sullivan dies at 98", Washington Post
- Gibson 2013, p. 67-71.
- Gibson 2013, p. 192-196.
- Amy Waters Yarsinske (2010), Flyboys Over Hampton Roads: Glenn Curtiss's Southern Experiment, History Press, p. 94, ISBN 9781596299726
- Gibson 2013, p. 32-40.
- Shepherd 2004, p. 22.
- "Women in Aviation and Space History - Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum". airandspace.si.edu. Retrieved 2015-10-26.
- 1926-, Strassmann, W. Paul (Wolfgang Paul), (2008). The Strassmanns : science, politics, and migration in turbulent times, 1793-1993 (English language ed.). New York: Berghahn Books. ISBN 9781845454166. OCLC 145396526.
- Janann Sherman (2004), "Thaden, Louise", Notable American Women, Harvard University Press, vol. 5, pp. 633–634, ISBN 9780674014886
- Shepherd 2004, p. 36.
- Gibson 2013, p. 61-66.
- Elizabeth Purdy (2011), "Women in Aviation", Encyclopedia of Women in Today's World, SAGE, vol. 1, p. 115, ISBN 9781412976855
- Gibson 2013, p. 155-160.
- "Chinese pilot completes solo around-the-world flight". www.aopa.org. 2016-09-21. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
- "index.php". earthrounders.org. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
- "AOPA China Honors Julie Wang (Wang Zheng), First Chinese Person to Fly Solo Around-the-World, at AirShow China 2016". Yahoo7 Finance Australia. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
- Gibson 2013, p. 179-185.
- Douglas Martin (9 December 2002), "Fay Gillis Wells, 94, Aviator and Journalist", New York Times
- "Edna Gardner Whyte, Aviator, 89", New York Times, 20 February 1992
- Gibson 2013, p. 72-78.
- Tim Brady (2000), "Women in Aviation", The American Aviation Experience: A History, SIU Press, p. 401, ISBN 9780809323715
- Thomas 1996.
- Douglas, Deborah (2015), American Women and Flight Since 1940, University Press of Kentucky, ISBN 9780813148298
- Gibson, Karen (2013), Women Aviators: 26 Stories of Pioneer Flights, Daring Missions, and Record-Setting Journeys, Chicago Review Press, ISBN 9781613745403
- Jablonski, Edward (1968), Ladybirds: Women in Aviation, Hawthorn Books
- Lebow, Eileen (2003), Before Amelia: Women Pilots in the Early Days of Aviation, Potomac Books, ISBN 9781612342252
- Ruffin, Steven (2011), "First Ladies of the Air", Aviation's Most Wanted, Potomac, ISBN 9781597974448
- Shepherd, Rosalie (2004), Women Who Fly, Pelican, ISBN 1455614394
- Thomas, Julie (1996), The Ninety-Nines, Turner, ISBN 9781563112034
- Welch, Rosanne (1998), Encyclopedia of Women in Aviation and Space, ABC-CLIO, ISBN 9780874369588