List of women aviators

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Aida de Acosta flying the airship Baladeuse in 1903 — the first woman to pilot a powered aircraft

This is a list of notable women aviators — women prominent in the field of aviation as constructors, designers, pilots and sponsors. It also includes a list of organizations of women aviators.

Individuals[edit]

A[edit]

Lilian Bland flying the Mayfly in 1911. She built the aircraft herself to become the first woman to fly in Ireland.

B[edit]

Willa Brown, the first African-American woman to receive a commission as a lieutenant in the U.S. Civil Air Patrol

C[edit]

  • Mary Calcaño (1906–1992), first Venezuelan woman to be granted a pilot's license
  • Maie Casey, first patron of the Australian Association of Woman Pilots[13]
Amelia Earhart standing under nose of her Lockheed Model 10-E Electra

D[edit]

E[edit]

F[edit]

  • Rosina Ferrario (1888–1957), first Italian woman to receive a pilot's licence, in January 1913
  • Amalia Celia Figueredo (1895–1985), Argentine aviator; first woman in Argentina, and possibly Latin America, to obtain a pilot's license in 1914 with Paul Castaibert
  • Kathleen Fox (born 1951), Canadian flight instructor, air traffic controller and business executive
  • Mathilde Franck (1866–1956), early French aviator; learned to fly in 1910
  • Wally Funk, one of the Mercury 13; first female air safety investigator at the FAA[25]

G[edit]

  • Maggie Gee, American aviator who served in the Women Airforce Service Pilots (WASPs) in World War II
  • Betty Gillies, pioneering American aviator; first pilot to qualify for the Women's Auxiliary Ferrying Squadron
  • Sabiha Gökçen, adopted by Kemal Atatürk; Turkey's first female combat pilot[26]
  • Patricia Graham (d. 2016), Australian aviator, founding member of the Australian Women Pilots' Association in 1950
  • Valentina Grizodubova, long distance flyer and wartime hero; the most decorated woman in the Soviet Union[27]
  • Julie Ann Gibson Flight Lieutenant Julie Ann Gibson was the first full-time female pilot for the Royal Air Force when she graduated in 1991

H[edit]

  • Melissa Haney (b. 1981), first female Inuk pilot to reach the rank of captain[28]
  • Else Haugk (1889–1973), first Swiss woman to earn a pilot's licence, in May 1914
  • Mary, Lady Heath, first woman to fly solo across Africa from Cape Town to Cairo[29]
  • Jane Herveu (1885–1955), pioneering French aviator; received her licence on 7 December 1910
  • Hilda Hewlett, first woman to get a British pilot's licence and to open the first flying school there[30]
  • Tadashi Hyōdō (1899-1980), first woman to obtain a pilot's licence in Japan, in March 1922.

J[edit]

K[edit]

L[edit]

M[edit]

N[edit]

  • Lyalya Nasukhanova (1939–2000), first Chechen woman pilot; attempted to join the cosmonaut corps but rejected because of her ethnicity
  • Carina Negrone (1911–1991), Italian aviator; reached a record-breaking 12,043 metres (39,402 ft) in a propeller-powered plane
  • Ruth Nichols (1901–1960), set many aviation records and started the first air ambulance service in the US[43]
  • Marthe Niel (1878–1928), French aviator; second woman in the world to receive a pilot's licence

O[edit]

  • Ruth Law Oliver, first woman pilot to wear a military uniform and the first to deliver air mail to the Philippines[44]
  • Phoebe Omlie, first woman to receive an airplane mechanic's license; first licensed woman transport pilot

P[edit]

Q[edit]

  • Harriet Quimby (1875–1912), first woman to get a US pilot's licence and fly across the English Channel[46]

R[edit]

S[edit]

Blanche Scott, the "Tomboy of the Air"
Neta Snook, who taught Amelia Earhart how to fly

T[edit]

V[edit]

W[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

  • Lydia Zvereva (1890–1916), first woman in Russia to earn a pilot's license

Organisations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Ashcroft, Bruce (2006), Latinas in the United States: a historical encyclopedia, Indiana University Press, pp. 188–189, ISBN 0-253-34681-9
  2. ^ Douglas Martin (17 February 2000), "Jacqueline Auriol, Top French Test Pilot, 82", New York Times
  3. ^ Randal Fulkerson (2003), "Barnes, Florence "Pancho" Lowe", Encyclopedia of Women in the American West, SAGE Publications, pp. 26–27, ISBN 9781452265261
  4. ^ Gibson 2013, p. 136-141.
  5. ^ Morgan, Woody (6 February 2001). "Aviation hall of fame induction next for Barr". Lassen County Times. Retrieved 12 March 2016.
  6. ^ Lebow 2003, p. 98.
  7. ^ Ruffin 2011, p. 84.
  8. ^ Lebow 2003, p. 203-214.
  9. ^ Gibson 2013, p. 90-96.
  10. ^ John Bullock (2002), "The Remarkable Mrs Victor Bruce", Fast Women, p. 43, ISBN 9781861054883
  11. ^ Elizabeth S. Bell (1994), Sisters of the Wind: Voices of Early Women Aviators, p. 78, ISBN 9780962387944
  12. ^ a b Gibson 2013, p. 145.
  13. ^ Diane Langmore (2007), "Casey, Ethel Marian (Maie) (1891–1983)", Australian Dictionary of Biography
  14. ^ Gibson 2013, p. 79-83.
  15. ^ Donald James, "Meet: Jerrie Cobb, First woman to undergo the testing developed for the selection of the Mercury Astronauts", Female Frontiers, NASA
  16. ^ Gibson 2013, p. 197-202.
  17. ^ Rhonda Smith-Daugherty (2012), Jacqueline Cochran: Biography of a Pioneer Aviator, McFarland, ISBN 9780786489961
  18. ^ "Bessie Coleman (1892 -1926)", Fly Girls, PBS, 1999
  19. ^ "Rawlinson Creason, Mary". MDOT. Archived from the original on 5 January 2019. Retrieved 2019-01-05.
  20. ^ Shayler David, Ian Moule (2006), Women in Space, Springer, p. 33, ISBN 9781846280788
  21. ^ Marcus Williamson (18 May 2015), "The Dowager Marchioness of Reading: Society beauty who defied convention to fly planes and race cars, and outraged many with her views on hooligans", The Independent
  22. ^ Lebow 2003, p. 44-64.
  23. ^ Welch 1998, p. 63.
  24. ^ "The Ruth Elder Page of the Parks Airport Register Web Site". Parksfield.org. Retrieved 2014-03-01.
  25. ^ Gibson 2013, p. 148-154.
  26. ^ M. Şükrü Hanioğlu, Ataturk: An Intellectual Biography, p. 210, ISBN 1400838177
  27. ^ Gibson 2013, p. 118-124.
  28. ^ "Pilot becomes first female Inuk captain for Air Inuit". CBC News. Retrieved 2017-12-02.
  29. ^ Claire Cohen (17 March 2015), "Cape Town to Cairo in a Forties plane: Meet Britain's daredevil female aviatrix", Daily Telegraph
  30. ^ Gail Hewlett (2010), Old Bird: The Irrepressible Mrs Hewlett, Matador, ISBN 9781848763371
  31. ^ "Mary Goodrich Jenson". Connecticut Women's Hall of Fame.
  32. ^ Constance Babington Smith (2004), Amy Johnson, Sutton, ISBN 9780750937030
  33. ^ Gibson 2013, p. 8-15.
  34. ^ Constance Leathart: The forgotten 'aviatrix' of WW2, BBC, 9 October 2015
  35. ^ Henry Sakaida (2012), Heroines of the Soviet Union 1941-45, Osprey, p. 14, ISBN 9781780966519
  36. ^ Mary S. Lovell (2011), Straight on Till Morning: The Life of Beryl Markham, W. W. Norton, ISBN 9780393342086
  37. ^ Françoise Baron Boilley (2013), Marie Marvingt: A l'aventure du sport, Editions L'Harmattan, ISBN 9782336323800
  38. ^ Thomas 1996, p. 29.
  39. ^ Gene Nora Jessen (2002), "Ocean Flying", Powder Puff Derby Of 1929, Sourcebooks, p. 269, ISBN 9781402229725
  40. ^ Douglas 2015, p. 161.
  41. ^ "Chopper granny rounds globe", The Guardian, 6 September 2000
  42. ^ Gibson 2013, p. 186-191.
  43. ^ Gibson 2013, p. 172-178.
  44. ^ Tony Dedal (2008), Wings Over the Philippines, p. 9, ISBN 9711011816
  45. ^ Gibson 2013, p. 161-166.
  46. ^ "Harriet Quimby (1875 - 1912)", Fly Girls, PBS, 1999
  47. ^ Lebow 2003, p. 131-144.
  48. ^ Robert S. Wistrich (2013), Who's Who in Nazi Germany, Routledge, pp. 199–200, ISBN 9781136413889
  49. ^ Veronica Horwell (6 October 2008), "Margaret Ringenberg", The Guardian
  50. ^ Jacky Hyams (2012), "Molly Rose", The Female Few: Spitfire Heroines of the Air Transport Auxiliary, The History Press, ISBN 9780752481227
  51. ^ Ernst Probst (2010), Melitta Gräfin Schenk von Stauffenberg: Deutsche Heldin mit Gewissensbissen, GRIN Verlag, ISBN 9783640545735
  52. ^ Julie Cummins (2001), Tomboy of the Air: Daredevil Pilot Blanche Stuart Scott, HarperCollins, ISBN 9780060291389
  53. ^ Kirstin Olsen (1994), Chronology of Women's History, p. 321, ISBN 0313288038
  54. ^ Carol Butler (2016), "A Conversation with Betty Skelton Frankman, Aviatrix Pioneer and the "Fastest Woman on Earth"", Quest: The History of Spaceflight, 23 (3), ISSN 1065-7738
  55. ^ Patricia Sullivan (24 March 2010), "Pioneering pilot Elinor Smith Sullivan dies at 98", Washington Post
  56. ^ Gibson 2013, p. 67-71.
  57. ^ Gibson 2013, p. 192-196.
  58. ^ Amy Waters Yarsinske (2010), Flyboys Over Hampton Roads: Glenn Curtiss's Southern Experiment, History Press, p. 94, ISBN 9781596299726
  59. ^ Gibson 2013, p. 32-40.
  60. ^ Shepherd 2004, p. 22.
  61. ^ "Women in Aviation and Space History - Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum". airandspace.si.edu. Retrieved 2015-10-26.
  62. ^ 1926-, Strassmann, W. Paul (Wolfgang Paul), (2008). The Strassmanns : science, politics, and migration in turbulent times, 1793-1993 (English language ed.). New York: Berghahn Books. ISBN 9781845454166. OCLC 145396526.
  63. ^ Janann Sherman (2004), "Thaden, Louise", Notable American Women, Harvard University Press, vol. 5, pp. 633–634, ISBN 9780674014886
  64. ^ Shepherd 2004, p. 36.
  65. ^ Gibson 2013, p. 61-66.
  66. ^ Elizabeth Purdy (2011), "Women in Aviation", Encyclopedia of Women in Today's World, SAGE, vol. 1, p. 115, ISBN 9781412976855
  67. ^ Gibson 2013, p. 155-160.
  68. ^ "Chinese pilot completes solo around-the-world flight". www.aopa.org. 2016-09-21. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
  69. ^ "index.php". earthrounders.org. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
  70. ^ "AOPA China Honors Julie Wang (Wang Zheng), First Chinese Person to Fly Solo Around-the-World, at AirShow China 2016". Yahoo7 Finance Australia. Retrieved 2016-12-01.
  71. ^ Gibson 2013, p. 179-185.
  72. ^ Douglas Martin (9 December 2002), "Fay Gillis Wells, 94, Aviator and Journalist", New York Times
  73. ^ "Edna Gardner Whyte, Aviator, 89", New York Times, 20 February 1992
  74. ^ Gibson 2013, p. 72-78.
  75. ^ Tim Brady (2000), "Women in Aviation", The American Aviation Experience: A History, SIU Press, p. 401, ISBN 9780809323715
  76. ^ Thomas 1996.

Sources[edit]

  • Douglas, Deborah (2015), American Women and Flight Since 1940, University Press of Kentucky, ISBN 9780813148298
  • Gibson, Karen (2013), Women Aviators: 26 Stories of Pioneer Flights, Daring Missions, and Record-Setting Journeys, Chicago Review Press, ISBN 9781613745403
  • Jablonski, Edward (1968), Ladybirds: Women in Aviation, Hawthorn Books
  • Lebow, Eileen (2003), Before Amelia: Women Pilots in the Early Days of Aviation, Potomac Books, ISBN 9781612342252
  • Ruffin, Steven (2011), "First Ladies of the Air", Aviation's Most Wanted, Potomac, ISBN 9781597974448
  • Shepherd, Rosalie (2004), Women Who Fly, Pelican, ISBN 1455614394
  • Thomas, Julie (1996), The Ninety-Nines, Turner, ISBN 9781563112034
  • Welch, Rosanne (1998), Encyclopedia of Women in Aviation and Space, ABC-CLIO, ISBN 9780874369588