Lititz, Pennsylvania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
(Redirected from Lititz)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Lititz, Pennsylvania
125 E. Main Street
125 E. Main Street
Etymology: A Bohemian castle
Motto: 
"The Heart of Lancaster County"
Location in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
Location in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania
Lititz is located in Pennsylvania
Lititz
Lititz
Location in Pennsylvania
Lititz is located in the United States
Lititz
Lititz
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 40°09′17″N 76°18′12″W / 40.15472°N 76.30333°W / 40.15472; -76.30333Coordinates: 40°09′17″N 76°18′12″W / 40.15472°N 76.30333°W / 40.15472; -76.30333
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyLancaster
Settled1710
Founded1756
Government
 • MayorTimothy Snyder (R)
Area
 • Total2.33 sq mi (6.02 km2)
 • Land2.32 sq mi (6.01 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Elevation
381 ft (116 m)
Population
 • Total9,381
 • Density4,040.05/sq mi (1,559.73/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
17543
Area codes717
FIPS code42-43816
Websitewww.lititzpa.com

Lititz /ˈlɪtɪts/ is a borough in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, United States, 9 miles (14 km) north of the city of Lancaster.[3] As of the 2020 census, it had a population of 9,370.[4]

History[edit]

Houses on Main Street

Lititz was founded by members of the Moravian Church in 1756 and was named after a castle in Bohemia near the village of Kunvald where the ancient Bohemian Brethren's Church had been founded in 1457. The roots of the Moravian Brethren's Church date back to the ancient Bohemian Brethren's Church. It was one of the four leading Moravian communities in the Northeastern United States (Bethlehem, Emmaus and Nazareth, each in Pennsylvania, were the three others).

For a century, only Moravians were permitted to live in Lititz. Until the middle of the 19th century, only members of the congregation could own houses; others were required to lease. The lease system was abolished in 1855, just five years before the beginning of the Civil War. More information can be found in the book A Brief History of Lititz Pennsylvania by Mary Augusta Huevener, published in 1947.

During a part of the American Revolution, the Brethren's House, built in 1759, was used as a hospital. A number of soldiers died and were buried here. Lititz is also home to Linden Hall School, the oldest all-girls boarding school in the United States. Located adjacent to the Moravian Church on 47 acres (19 ha) of land, Linden Hall School was founded by the Moravians in 1746, a decade before the borough was incorporated.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 2.3 square miles (6.0 km2), of which 2.00 acres (8,090 m2), or 0.13%, are water.[6] Lititz Run flows through the downtown from Lititz Springs Park toward the Conestoga River, 6 miles (10 km) to the southeast.[7]

Lititz has a hot-summer humid continental climate (Dfa) and average monthly temperatures range from 30.1 °F in January to 74.7 °F in July. [1] The local hardiness zone is 6b.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18801,113
18901,49434.2%
19001,6379.6%
19102,08227.2%
19203,68076.8%
19304,36318.6%
19404,84010.9%
19505,56815.0%
19605,9877.5%
19707,07218.1%
19807,5907.3%
19908,2809.1%
20009,0299.0%
20109,3693.8%
20209,3700.0%
2021 (est.)9,527[4]1.7%
Sources:[8][9][10][2]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 9,029 people, 3,732 households, and 2,407 families residing in the borough. The population density was 3,884.0/sq mi (1,499.6/km2). There were 3,827 housing units at an average density of 1,646.2 per square mile (636.9/km2). The racial makeup of the borough was 97.23% White, 0.44% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.87% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.50% from other races, and 0.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.52% of the population.

There were 3,732 households, out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.5% were non-families. 31.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 23.0% under the age of 18, 6.1% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 21.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $40,417, and the median income for a family was $52,028. Males had a median income of $36,126 versus $25,997 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $20,601. About 2.6% of families and 4.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 8.7% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Lititz-based Woodstream manufactures mousetraps under the Victor brand name.[11] Mousetraps have been produced in Lititz since 1899.[12]

Rock Lititz, a company specializing in rock concert production, is headquartered and has a show production stage in Lititz. The facility attracts international artists and supports music production suppliers in the area.[13]

Arts and culture[edit]

Annual events include:

  • Independence Day event, founded in 1813, which includes a Queen of Candles Pageant and fireworks.
  • summer art show.
  • microbrewery festival.[14]
  • Fire and Ice Festival each February, featuring food trucks, entertainment and ice carvings.[15]

The Lititz Public Library is a member of the Library System of Lancaster County.[16]

Museums and historic sites[edit]

Government[edit]

Ralph Miller guarded the Lititz water works for sixteen years. Photo by Marjory Collins in 1942.
  • Mayor: Timothy R. Snyder (R)
  • Borough Manager: Sue Ann Barry
  • Borough Council
    • Shane Weaver, President
    • J. Andrew Greiner
    • Stephen Lee
    • Christine Sensenich
    • Ken Mobley
    • David Brubaker

Education[edit]

Lititz, along with Elizabeth and Warwick townships and part of Penn Township, is located in the Warwick School District. Schools located in Lititz include:

  • Warwick High School
  • Warwick Middle School
  • Lititz Elementary School (at former site of K-12 Lititz High School; serves the central and northern part of Lititz borough and western Warwick township out to Penn township and its border with Manheim Central School District)
  • John Beck Elementary School (founded independently of the district and incorporated; serves the northern part of Warwick township and Elizabeth township)
  • John R. Bonfield Elementary School (serves the eastern part of the school district, including the outskirts of Lititz borough and Warwick township)
  • Kissel Hill Elementary School (serves the southern part of Lititz borough and Warwick township south to the Manheim Township line)
  • Linden Hall School for Girls (the oldest all-girls private school in the country)

Infrastructure[edit]

Train station

Transportation[edit]

Pennsylvania Routes 772 (West Orange and East Main streets) and 501 (Broad Street) run through Lititz.

The Reading and Columbia Railroad operated passenger service through downtown Lititz until 1952. Norfolk Southern continues to operate freight service to Lancaster, while the line between Lititz and Ephrata has been converted into a rail trail.[17] A replica of the Lititz Depot was constructed at its former location in Lititz Springs Park in 1999, along with a small museum in a Reading caboose.[18]

Bus service in Lititz is provided by Red Rose Transit Route 10,[19] the successor of the Conestoga Traction Company trolley line to Lancaster along the Lititz Pike.

Notable people[edit]

Sister city[edit]

A sister city relationship between Lititz and Kunvald (Czech Republic) was established on June 11, 2006, during the celebration of the 250th anniversary naming of Lititz. The ceremony took place in Lititz Springs Park. Their Pennsylvania sister city is Emmaus in Lehigh County.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 12, 2022.
  2. ^ a b "Census Population API". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Oct 12, 2022.
  3. ^ Google Maps
  4. ^ a b Bureau, US Census. "City and Town Population Totals: 2020-2021". Census.gov. US Census Bureau. Retrieved 9 July 2022.
  5. ^ "Linden Hall". Linden Hall History. Archived from the original on October 2, 2011. Retrieved June 18, 2011.
  6. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 28, 2020.
  7. ^ Geographic Names Information System. "GNIS entry for Lititz Run (Feature ID # 1192790)". Retrieved 2019-03-24.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  9. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  10. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Resident Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Population Estimates. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  11. ^ "Lititz firm caught in own mousetrap". Lancaster Online. Retrieved 2022-12-04.
  12. ^ "Drummond D., Brandt C & Koch J. (2002)". Retrieved 4 Dec 2022.
  13. ^ "Welcome to the unlikely capital of rock'n'roll". The Economist. ISSN 0013-0613. Retrieved 2022-06-05.
  14. ^ "Lititz Craft Beer Fest – A charity fundraising craft beer festival on Main St. in Lititz, Pennsylvania". Retrieved 2022-01-26.
  15. ^ "Lititz Fire & Ice Festival | Outdoor Ice Carvings & Fire Show". Venture Lititz. Retrieved 2022-01-26.
  16. ^ http://www.lititzlibrary.org
  17. ^ Lueders, Andrew. "The Reading and Columbia". Abandoned Rails. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  18. ^ "The Reading and Columbia RR". Columbia Pennsylvania. Columbia Historical Society. Retrieved 8 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Route 11 schedule" (PDF). RRTA. Retrieved October 4, 2017.

Further reading[edit]

  • Moravian Historical Society Transactions, volume ii, (Bethlehem, Pa.)
  • Mombert, An Authentic History of Lancaster County, Pa., (Lancaster, 1869)

External links[edit]

Official website