Llechryd

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Llechryd
stone gatehouse and gateway seen beyond three arches of old bridge over river
River Teifi, Llechryd Bridge
Castell Malgwyn entrance
Llechryd is located in Ceredigion
Llechryd
Llechryd
Llechryd shown within Ceredigion
OS grid reference SN217438
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CARDIGAN
Postcode district SA43
Dialling code 01239
Police Dyfed-Powys
Fire Mid and West Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Ceredigion
52°04′N 4°36′W / 52.06°N 4.60°W / 52.06; -4.60Coordinates: 52°04′N 4°36′W / 52.06°N 4.60°W / 52.06; -4.60

Llechryd (Welsh pronunciation: [ɬɛxrɪd]) is a rural village on the A484 road approximately 3 miles (4.8 km) from Cardigan, Ceredigion, Wales. Situated on the north bank of the tidal River Teifi, Llechryd is the first point upstream of Cardigan where crossing is possible. Most of the village has developed along the A484, with some estates branching off into the valley.

It is part of the Community of Llangoedmor.

Etymology[edit]

The name Llechryd translates from the Welsh for "Slate Ford" (Llech Rhyd).

History[edit]

Llechryd (c 1885)

A battle was fought in or near the town in 1087 between Rhys ab Twdwr and the sons of Bleddin ab Cynfyn. In 1844, during the Rebecca Riots, the weir across the Teifi built to prevent salmon from going upstream was demolished by rioters.[1]

St Tydfil's church was built in 1854 to replace the older Church of the Holy Cross near the bridge which had to be abandoned due to persistent flooding. Another notable church nearby is Manordeifi Old Church, near the far end of the "canal" road. It is preserved as it was in the early 19th century. The canal was not a transport canal, rather a leat supplying water to the tinworks which stood behind the Castell Malgwyn stable block on the southern bank of the river. This leat collected water from the Teifi just to the north of Manordeifi Church, as seen on the 1842 Manordeifi Tithe map.[2] A weir is still evident at this spot. In March 2006, staff from the Survey Branch of RCAHMW carried out survey and analysis of the Castell Malgwyn Tinplate works.[3]

The Teifi is tidal and used to be navigable by lighters as far as Llechryd. During the 1840s, careless working of the slate quarries resulted in a severe choking of the Cilgerran Gorge, causing the flooding for which the area is now known and moving the navigable (in all but the smallest boats/canoes) tidal limit downstream of Cilgerran Castle. In his book from 1867, The History of Cilgerran, John Roland Phillips wrote,

Under the castle, and at the influx of the Brook Plysgog into the Teivi, a great quantity of rubbish and débris seems to have been swept away by floods from quarries on the river's banks, and having settled in the current near to what was formerly a green island, has raised the bed of the river and rendered the navigation thereof during dry seasons, and at low water, rather difficult.[4]

There is a disused mill and associated buildings on the Nant Arberth. These buildings are now residential properties. Much closer to the Teifi, but still on the Nant Arberth below Glanarberth, are the remains of a much older mill's infrastructure. The remains of the dam are still in situ. At least three, 2 foot thick, walls sandwiching 2 foot thick clay infill. The leat that this feeds is some 200m long and is situated to the west of the Nant Arberth. About half of the leat is still visible. The mill itself was situated closer to the A484, approximately where the house Glannau is now; the mill building can be seen in a photograph taken from the west side of the bridge, dated circa 1868. The outfall from the mill crossed beneath the A484 parallel to the Nant Arberth, then fed into it, prior to entering the Teifi. The position of the dam, the leat, and the mill can be seen on the 1841 Llechryd Tithe map.[5]

Due to the village's closeness to the port of Cardigan, many large houses were built nearby by wealthy merchants and sea captains. These include Cilbronnau, Noyadd Wilym, Coedmore, Glanolmarch, Pengraig, Castell Malgwyn, Glanarberth, Manor Eifed, Penylan, Llwynduris, Blaen-Pant, and Stradmore.

Llechryd Bridge[edit]

A bridge at Llechryd is marked on Christopher Saxton's map of Radnor, Brecknok, Cardigan et Caermarden of 1579, on which the village is marked as Capel Langbrid.

The River Teifi is crossed at Llechryd by a grade II* listed bridge built in the 17th century[6] which was damaged in 2005 by a large flood. The bridge, part of an ancient drovers' road, may be wholly submerged at times of high water, necessitating travelling to Cardigan or Cenarth to cross the river.

Notable people[edit]

In 1974, a Welsh coracle piloted by Bernard Thomas (~1923–2014) of Llechryd crossed the English Channel to France in ​13 12 hours.[7] The journey was undertaken to demonstrate how the Bull Boats of the Mandan Indians of North Dakota could have been copied from coracles introduced by Prince Madog in the 12th century.[8][9]

Teifi Trout Association[edit]

The Teifi Trout Association (TTA) owns the trout fishing rights from the eastern side of the bridge upwards,[10] although some plots of land by the river are privately owned.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Llechryd Cardiganshire". University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Manordeifi Tithe Map 1842". Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  3. ^ "Castell Malgwyn Tinplate Works" (PDF). Retrieved 19 October 2017. 
  4. ^ John Roland Phillips (1867). The History of Cilgerran. Russell Smith. p. 13. Retrieved 19 October 2017. 
  5. ^ "Llechryd Tithe Map 1841". Retrieved 31 May 2018. 
  6. ^ "British Listed Buildings". Retrieved 4 March 2018. 
  7. ^ "Death of a river legend". Tivyside Advertiser. 7 September 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2015. 
  8. ^ Wales on Britannia: Facts About Wales & the Welsh
  9. ^ John, Gilbert (5 April 2008). "'Coracle king' to hang up paddle". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 10 January 2015. 
  10. ^ "TTA maps". 

External links[edit]