Logar Province

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Logar

لوگر
Aerial view of Mohammad Agha District in Logar province
Aerial view of Mohammad Agha District in Logar province
Map of Afghanistan with Logar highlighted
Map of Afghanistan with Logar highlighted
Coordinates (Capital): 34°00′N 69°12′E / 34.0°N 69.2°E / 34.0; 69.2Coordinates: 34°00′N 69°12′E / 34.0°N 69.2°E / 34.0; 69.2
Country Afghanistan
CapitalPuli Alam
Government
 • GovernorMohammad Anwar Khan Esshaqzai
Area
 • Total3,879.8 km2 (1,498.0 sq mi)
Population
 (2015)[1]
 • Total957,000
 • Density250/km2 (640/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+4:30 (Afghanistan Time)
ISO 3166 codeAF-LOG
Main languagesDari
Pashto

Logar (Dari: لوگر‎, Pashto: لوګر‎) is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan located in the eastern section of the country. It is divided into seven districts and contains hundreds of villages. Puli Alam is the capital of the province.

As of 2013, Logar has a population of about 378,100.[1] It is a multi-ethnic tribal society, with a Tajik and Pashtun majority .[2]

The Logar River enters the province through the west, and leaves to the north.

History[edit]

Pre Islamic era[edit]

A 2600 year old a Zoroastrian fire temple was found at Mes Aynak(25 miles or 40 km southeast of Kabul). Several Buddhist stupas and more than one thousand statues were also found. Smelting workshops, miners’ quarters (even then the site’s copper was well known), a mint, two small forts, a citadel, and a stockpile of Kushan, Sassanian and Indo-Parthian coins were also found at the site. [3]

Recent history[edit]

During the Soviet–Afghan War, Logar was known among some Afghans as the Bab al-Jihad (Gates of Jihad) because it became a fierce theatre of war between US-backed/trained mujahideen groups and the Soviet-backed Afghan government troops. It was one of the main supply routes of mujahideen rebels coming from Pakistan. Like other parts of the country, Logar has also seen heavy fighting during the 1980s.[4] Swedish journalist Borge Almqvist, who visited the province in 1982, wrote that: "Everywhere in the Logar province the most common sight except for ruins are graves".[5] Soviet operations included using bombing, the use of flammable liquids to burn alive people in hiding, poisoning of drinking water, and destruction of crops and farmland. One writer who witnessed the events argue that the Soviet actions in Logar amounted to genocide.[4]

By 1995 the province had fallen to the Taliban government. After the removal of the Taliban and formation of the Karzai administration in late 2001, the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) and Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) gradually took over security of the area. The Provincial Reconstruction Team Logar (PRT Logar) was established in March 2008. It provided a number of benefits to the locals, including security, development, and jobs.

In the meantime, Taliban insurgents are often causing major disturbances in the area. This includes major attacks on key projects, suicide bombings in civilian area, and assassinations of Afghan government employees. On 19 August 2014, a major Taliban offensive took place with 700 militants aiming to take control of the province,[6] while the NATO-led foreign force mistakenly killed three civilians in an air strike in December 2014.[7]

On January 20, 2019, the Taliban claimed responsibility for a car bomb attack on the province's governor and his convoy, which killed eight security forces and wounded at least 10 on the highway to Kabul. The governor and the provincial head of the National Directorate of Security were uninjured.[8]

Geography[edit]

The main river valley in the Khoshi District of Logar province. Extensive irrigation and canal works, known as karez, provide water for the majority of the agriculture in southeastern Afghanistan.

Logar can be generally described as a relatively flat river valley in the north and central regions, surrounded by rugged mountains to the east, south, and southwest. The district of Azra, in the east, consists almost entirely of mountains, while travel to the Paktia Province to the south is limited to the Tera Pass, a 2896 m high road that was recently completed as part of the international reconstruction effort in Afghanistan. The Kabul-Khost Highway runs north–south through Logar Province, from the Mohammed Agha District.

The government of Afghanistan officially recognizes all the districts of the Logar province as part of the province.

Politics and governance[edit]

The last governor of the province was Arsala Jamal. He was assassinated by anti-Afghan forces,[when?] often described as Taliban militants. All law enforcement activities throughout the province are managed by the Afghan National Police (ANP). The border with neighboring Pakistan is monitored by the Afghan Border Police (ABP). A provincial police chief is assigned to lead both the ANP and the ABP. The Police Chief represents the Ministry of the Interior in Kabul. The ANP and ABP are backed by the military, including the NATO-led forces.

Capital City[edit]

Puli Alam, the capital of Logar province.

Puli Alam is the capital city of Logar province, located in the district of Puli Alam. It's on the main road running south and southeast from Kabul to Khost. Rebuilding of the city is going on. There is a lot of room for Infrastructure and investment. Puli Alam has seen reconstruction since the fall of the Taliban. The main road to Kabul was completed in 2006, significantly reducing travel time to the national capital. Additional projects include numerous schools, radio stations, government facilities, and a major Afghan National Police base situated just south of the city. The city is open for investment and can be a good option for investments. Like most Afghan cities, there is municipal planning and services. During President Ashraf Ghani tenure finally the city has electricity, clean drinking and water facilities.

Healthcare[edit]

The percentage of households without clean drinking water fell from 45% in 2005 to 14% in 2011.[9] The percentage of births attended to by a skilled birth attendant increased from 9% in 2005 to 73% in 2011.[9]

Education[edit]

The overall literacy rate (6+ years of age) increased from 21% in 2005 to 30% in 2011.[9] The overall net enrolment rate (6–13 years of age) increased from 22% in 2005 to 45% in 2011.[9]

The overall literacy rate in Logar province was 21% in 2005 however, while nearly one-third (31%) of men are literate this is true for just under one-tenth (9%) of women. There are around 168 primary and secondary schools in the province catering for 81,538 students. There are nearly 2,082 teachers working in schools in the Logar province.[10] There are several girls schools in the province, mostly located in Koshi and Pul-e-alam. Due to the large Taliban presence in Chark and Baraki Barak, the freedom of women in Logar does not always allow for an education.[11] As of 2007, the province had a literacy rate of 17%.[11]

There are 19 religious centers including a Dar-ul-Ulum, three Darul Hifaz and the rest are Madrasas[12]

Three technical and vocational high schools and two private high schools function in Logar Province[12]

Demographics[edit]

Districts of Logar province. This image does not include Azra district, located to the east of Khoshi and Mohammad Agha districts.

As of 2013, the total population of Logar province is about 956,100.[1] Logar is dominantly Sunni, multi-ethnic and a tribal society. Tajiks and Pashtuns make up the majority population of Logar province, while Hazaras form a minority.[2][11][13]

Districts[edit]

Until 2005 the district was administratively subdivided into five districts. In that year the province gained Azra District from neighbouring Paktia Province; also part of Charkh District was split off into the new district of Kharwar.

Districts of Logar province
District Capital Population (2015) [14] area Notes
Azra 80,760 Officially recognized by the Afghan government as a district of Logar province.
Baraki Barak 105,476 Includes the road linking Puli Alam with Highway 1 to the west. Recognised as a vital commerce district. 100% Tajik
Charkh 65,362 Officially recognized by the Afghan government as a district of Logar province. 80% Tajik
Kharwar 36,762 Officially recognized by the Afghan government as a district of Logar province.
Khoshi 24,602 Home to the minority Shiite of Logar.
Mohammad Agha 97,074 The northern portion of Mohammad Agha is contiguous with the southern 'suburbs' of Kabul.
Puli Alam Puli Alam 178,039 The Capital

Sport[edit]

Cricket is the most popular sport in the province[citation needed]. Logar has been a major supplier of players for the Afghanistan national cricket team. Former players include Dawlat Ahmadzai, Ahmad Shah Pakteen and former national team captain Raees Ahmadzai. Among the active national players hailing from Logar are: Mohammad Nabi (captain of the national team), Shahpoor Zadran, Hashmatullah Shahidi, Nasir Jamal Ahmadzai and Gulbadin Naib Ahmadzai.

Football is the second most popular sport in the province. De Abasin Sape (meaning "Waves of Abasin") plays in the Afghanistan Premier League. Abasin means "father of the rivers" in Pashto and refers to the Indus River. The team represents the provinces of Khost, Paktia, Logar, and Paktika.

Other popular sports are volleyball, boxing, taekwondo, Washoe, kick boxing and wrestling.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Settled Population of Logar province by Civil Division, Urban, Rural and Sex-2012-13" (PDF). Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, Central Statistics Organization. Retrieved 2014-10-19.
  2. ^ a b "Understanding War". Understanding War. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
  3. ^ DeHart, Jonathan. "Saving the Buddhas of Mes Aynak". thediplomat.com.
  4. ^ a b Kakar, M. Hassan (1995). "Massacre in Logar". Afghanistan: The Soviet Invasion and the Afghan Response, 1979–1982. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-20893-3.
  5. ^ Almqvist, Borge (1984). Committee for International Afghanistan Hearing (ed.). International Afghanistan Hearing.
  6. ^ "Logar In Afghanistan Attacked By More Than 700 Taliban Fighters". Ibtimes.com. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  7. ^ "Nato force kills three Afghan civilians in air strike, mistaking them for insurgents". Singapore Press Holdings Ltd. Retrieved 27 December 2014.
  8. ^ Sediqi, Abdul Qadir. "Car bomb attack kills eight security force members in Afghanistan's south". Reuters. Retrieved 2019-01-20.
  9. ^ a b c d Archive, Civil Military Fusion Centre, "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-31. Retrieved 2014-05-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ "Logar provincial profile" (PDF). Mrrd.gov.af. 2013-07-27. Retrieved 2013-08-17.
  11. ^ a b c "Province: Farah" (PDF). Program for Culture & Conflict Studies. Naval Postgraduate School (NPS). 2008. Retrieved 2014-10-19.
  12. ^ a b c http://www.elections.pajhwok.com/en/content/background-profile-logar
  13. ^ "Welcome - Naval Postgraduate School" (PDF). Nps.edu. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  14. ^ Afghanistan at Geohive Archived 2015-07-21 at the Wayback Machine

External links[edit]