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The Lokayukta (also Lok Ayukta) (Sanskrit: लोकायुक्तlokāyukta, "appointed by the people") is an anti-corruption ombudsman organization in the Indian states.[1][2] Once appointed, Lokayukta can not be dismissed nor transferred by the government, he can be removed only by passing impeachment motion by the state assembly.[3]

The Administrative Reforms Commission (ARC) headed by Morarji Desai submitted a special interim report on "Problems of Redressal of Citizen's Grievances" in 1966. In this report, the ARC recommended the setting up of two special authorities designated as 'Lokpal' and 'Lokayukta' for the redressal of citizens' grievances.

The LokAyukta, along with the Income Tax Department and the Anti Corruption Bureau, mainly helps people publicise corruption among the Politicians and Government Officials.[4] Many acts of the LokAyukta have resulted in criminal or other consequences for those charged.[5]


Maharashtra was the first state to introduce the institution of Lokayukta through The Lokayukta and Upa-Lokayuktas Act in 1971.[6] This was followed by similar acts being enacted by states of Odisha, Rajasthan, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala and Delhi.

Maharashtra Lokayukta is considered as weak due to lack of powers, staff, funds and no independent investigating agency.[7] Karnataka Lokayukta is considered as the most powerful Lokayukta in the country.[citation needed]

Lokayukta/Lokpal/Lokaayog in Indian States[edit]

There are no Lokayuktas in Jammu and Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tamil Nadu, Tripura . The latest Lokayukta was established in Goa.[9] On May 20, 2014 Arunachal assembly passed lokayukta bill.[citation needed]

Constitutional Amendment for Effectiveness[edit]

An amendment to the Constitution has been proposed to implement the Lokayukta uniformly across Indian states. The proposed changes will make the institution of Lokayukta uniform across the country as a three-member body, headed by a retired Supreme Court judge or high court chief justice and comprising the state vigilance commissioner and a jurist or an eminent administrator as other members.[10]


In November 2012, after conclusion of the 11th All India Lokayukta Conference, as many as 16 Lokayuktas sent many recommendations to the Govt of India. The recommendations were:[11]

  • Make Lokayukta the nodal agency for receiving all corruption complaints.[11]
  • Accord Lokayukta jurisdiction over State-level probe agencies.[11]
  • Bring bureaucrats under the ambit of the Lokayuktas.[12]
  • Accord powers of search and seizure and powers to initiate contempt proceedings.[12]
  • Provide Lokayukta administrative and financial autonomy.[12]
  • Bring Non-Governmental Organisations (NGO) funded by the government under Lokayukta's jurisdiction.[12]

See also[edit]