Long Pond, Pennsylvania

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Long Pond, Pennsylvania
Unincorporated community
Long Pond is located in Pennsylvania
Long Pond
Long Pond
Long Pond is located in the United States
Long Pond
Long Pond
Coordinates: 41°03′12″N 75°27′47″W / 41.05333°N 75.46306°W / 41.05333; -75.46306Coordinates: 41°03′12″N 75°27′47″W / 41.05333°N 75.46306°W / 41.05333; -75.46306
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyMonroe
TownshipTunkhannock
Elevation
1,873 ft (571 m)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
18334
Area code(s)570 and 272
GNIS feature ID1204053[1]

Long Pond is an unincorporated community in Monroe County in the Pocono Mountains region of Pennsylvania, a part of the Appalachian Mountains. Long pond is located within the Tunkhannock Creek Watershed.[2] Its ZIP code is 18334.

Demographics[edit]

Long Pond is a sparsely populated, rural area with an abundance of globally rare and endangered species of plants and animals. It has a population of roughly ~7000 persons, and the demographics are approximately: 54.6% Caucasian/White, 26.4% African American,5% Asian, and 13% Hispanic. [3]At $180,000 the average home value here is a bit higher than average. The median age is 39. The median age for men is 38 while for women the median age is 40. [4]

Geography[edit]

Long Pond is named after the unique wetland topography formed by the Tunkhannock Creek. Within the Long Pond community, public access lands are owned and protected by The Bethlehem Authority,[5] Nature Conservancy,[6] Wildlands Conservancy [7]County of Monroe Open Space Program, , PA Game Commission [8] and PA Department of Forest and Waters.[9] Long Pond is home to many species of globally rare, threatened, and endangered plants and animals and has been described as one of the last "great places".[10] [11][12]

Long Pond represents the most unique inland freshwater wetland in the entire state of Pennsylvania.[8]

The climate of Long Pond PA is variable, and ecosystems vary considerably. Ecosystems range from glacial till barrens habitat, known for frost pockets and globally rare flowering species and associated insects. Mixed hardwood deciduous forests and vast peat bog swamps. Frost pockets can occur in this region in typically frost free months of June, July, and August.

Tunkhannock Creek[edit]

The 17-mile Tunkhannock Creek, is a tributary of Tobyhanna Creek. Tobyhanna Creek flows into the Lehigh River, which is a major tributary to the Delaware River. The Tunkhannock Creek basin drains approximately 32.1 square miles of the Glaciated Pocono Plateau and consists of 47.7 total stream miles. [13]

Tunkhannock creek is designated as exceptional value waters (EV) by the PA DEP.[14] The National Audubon Society named the Long Pond section of the Tunkhannock Creek watershed an "Important Bird Area in Pennsylvania.[15]

Along the creek, Leatherleaf is dominant or co-dominant with sweet-gale and the shrubs are typically one-meter high and very dense. Other low shrubs like rhodora , sheep laurel , black chokeberry , Labrador-tea , and bog laurel are common. Tall shrubs like highbush blueberry , swamp azalea , witherod , alder , and arrow-wood as well as red maple , red spruce , tamarack , and pitch pine saplings are scattered throughout. [16]

Rare, Threatened and Endangered Species[edit]

In Long Pond, Pennsylvania National Diversity Inventory found 35 rare, threatened or endangered species or ecological communities. The butterfly community and collection of rare plants found in Long Pond "likely represent the best assemblage of rare and unusual species of any site or habitat in Pennsylvania." Making Long Pond one of the most unique natural areas in the Northeast US.[11]

Tunkhannock creek hosts the following animals of special concern: American bittern, northern harrier, osprey, whip-poor-will, Noctuid, sallow, pointed sallow, November, blueberry gray, sundew cutworm, barrens Itame, twilight, pink sallow, Zale, pine barrens Zale.

Economy[edit]

Economically, Long Pond is primarily known as the location of Pocono Raceway, a track which hosts two annual NASCAR Cup Series races, the Pocono 400 in early June and the Gander Outdoors 400 in late July, the IndyCar Series event ABC Supply 500 in August, and other events.

In July 1972 the Concert 10 rock festival brought thousands to Long Pond. Edgar Winter, Three Dog Night, the Faces featuring Rod Stewart, and others performed during the two day festival.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Long Pond". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey.
  2. ^ "www.tctcwa.org". www.tctcwa.org.
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/tunkhannocktownshipmonroecountypennsylvania/RHI225219#RHI225219
  4. ^ "Long Pond PA 18334 Demographics - Movoto". Movoto Real Estate.
  5. ^ "Fall 2021 Please check our "News" section".
  6. ^ "Long Pond Preserve and Hauser Nature Center". The Nature Conservancy.
  7. ^ https://www.wildlandspa.org/mapletract/
  8. ^ a b "Error" (PDF).
  9. ^ https://trails.dcnr.pa.gov/trails/trail/trailview?trailkey=654
  10. ^ "Error" (PDF).
  11. ^ a b Call, The Morning. "THE RARE AND THE DIVERSE THRIVE AT POND PRESERVE THE NEW POCONOS". mcall.com.
  12. ^ Latham, Roger Earl; Thompson, John E.; Riley, Sarah A.; Wibiralske, Anne W. (1996). "The Pocono Till Barrens: Shrub Savanna Persisting on Soils Favoring Forest". Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 123 (4): 330–349. doi:10.2307/2996782. JSTOR 2996782 – via JSTOR.
  13. ^ https://files.dep.state.pa.us/Water/Drinking%20Water%20and%20Facility%20Regulation/WaterQualityPortalFiles/Stream_Packages/TunkhannockCreek_DraftReport.pdf
  14. ^ https://files.dep.state.pa.us/Water/Drinking%20Water%20and%20Facility%20Regulation/WaterQualityPortalFiles/Existing%20Use/EU%20table%20list.pdf
  15. ^ "Long Pond Preserve". Audubon. September 12, 2016.
  16. ^ "Sweet-gale – Leatherleaf Shrub Fen summary - Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program". www.naturalheritage.state.pa.us.