Lyon Gardiner Tyler

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Lyon Gardiner Tyler
Lyon Gardiner Tyler in academic dress.jpg
Tyler circa 1915
17th President of the
College of William & Mary
In office
Preceded by Benjamin Stoddert Ewell
Succeeded by J. A. C. Chandler
Personal details
Born (1853-08-24)August 24, 1853
Charles City County, Virginia
Died February 12, 1935(1935-02-12) (aged 81)
Richmond, Virginia
Alma mater University of Virginia

Lyon Gardiner Tyler, Sr. (August 24, 1853 – February 12, 1935) was an American educator and historian.[1]


He was the son of President John Tyler and First Lady Julia Gardiner Tyler, born at Sherwood Forest Plantation.

He graduated in 1875 at the University of Virginia. From 1888 to 1919, he served as the 17th president of the College of William and Mary (W&M), and is widely credited for restoring the college's financial condition following the deterioration which took place in the wake of the American Civil War.

He died on February 12, 1935 in Richmond, Virginia.,[2] and is buried in Hollywood Cemetery.


Lyon, Sr.'s personal papers[3] and the papers from his time as President of the College of William and Mary[4] can be found at the Special Collections Research Center.

Personal life[edit]

Tyler was married twice, first to Anne Baker Tucker, with whom he had three children: John Tyler; Elizabeth Gilmour Tyler; and Julia Gardiner Tyler Wilson, one of the Kappa Delta founders.

Following Anne's death in 1921, he married the former Sue Ruffin, with whom he had three children: Lyon Gardiner Tyler, Jr. (born 1924);[5] Harrison Ruffin Tyler (born 1928); and Henry Tyler, who died in infancy.[6] As of 2015[dated info], both surviving sons from Sue are still alive, making their grandfather the earliest former President of the United States with living grandchildren.[7]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Lyon Gardiner Tyler (1853–1935)". Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved 2011-04-18. Born on August 24, 1853, Lyon Gardiner Tyler was the thirteenth of his father's fifteen children, the last seven of whom were born after the president left office. He was the fifth child by President Tyler and his second wife, Julia Gardiner, a prominent New York socialite. After his father left office in 1845, the Tylers lived at Sherwood Forest Plantation in Charles City County until Lyon was eight years old, when his father's death in January 1862 and the onslaught of the American Civil War (1861–1865) prompted the family to move north, to the maternal family enclave in Staten Island ... 
  2. ^ "Dr. Lyon Tyler, 82, Dead in Richmond. Former Head of William and Mary". New York Times. Retrieved 2014-01-29. 
  3. ^ "Tyler Family Papers, Group B". Special Collections Research Center, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary. Retrieved 22 January 2011. 
  4. ^ "Office of the President. Lyon Gardiner Tyler". Special Collections Research Center, Earl Gregg Swem Library, College of William and Mary. Retrieved 22 January 2011. 
  5. ^ Lyon Gardiner Tyler, Jr. from Franklin Lions Club
  6. ^ Sherwood Forest Plantation - Home of President John Tyler at
  7. ^ English, Jason (February 16, 2015). "President John Tyler's Grandsons Are Still Alive". Mental_floss. Retrieved September 10, 2015. 

External links[edit]