(Fabricius, 1793) 
Lysiosquillina maculata, the zebra mantis shrimp or striped mantis shrimp, is a species of mantis shrimp found across the Indo-Pacific region from East Africa to the Galápagos and Hawaiian Islands. At a length up to 40 cm, L. maculata is the largest mantis shrimp in the world. L. maculata may be distinguished from its congener L. sulcata by the greater number of teeth on the last segment of its raptorial claw, and by the colouration of the uropodal endopod, the distal half of which is dark in L. maculata but not in L. sulcata. A small artisanal fishery exists for this species.
Like most mantis shrimp, they are opportunistic feeders and will take small fish and malacostracans.
There are two types of mantis shrimp, one that uses a spear-like appendage and one that smashes prey. The zebra mantis shrimp is an example of a spearer, ambushing passing prey with a slashing motion. Breeding pairs typically share a burrow, with the male using his larger raptorial appendages to do the majority of the hunting.
- "Lysiosquillina maculata (J. C. Fabricius, 1793)". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved April 18, 2011.
- Roy Caldwell. "Species: Lysiosquillina maculata". Roy's List of Stomatopods for the Aquarium. University of California Museum of Paleontology. Retrieved February 14, 2009.
- "Lysiosquillidae" (PDF). The Living Marine Resources of the Western Central Pacific. pp. 835–837.
- Media related to Lysiosquillina maculata at Wikimedia Commons
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