MEAN (software bundle)

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Common logo used to represent MEAN stacks.

MEAN is a free and open-source JavaScript software stack for building dynamic web sites and web applications.[1]

The MEAN stack is MongoDB, Express.js, AngularJS (or Angular), and Node.js. Because all components of the MEAN stack support programs that are written in JavaScript, MEAN applications can be written in one language for both server-side and client-side execution environments.

Name and history[edit]

The acronym MEAN was coined by Valeri Karpov. He introduced the term in a 2013 blog post.[2].

The logo concept, initially created by Austin Anderson for the original MEAN stack LinkedIn group, is an assembly of the first letter of each component of the MEAN acronym.[3]

The components of the MEAN stack are as follows:[2][4]

A number of variations on the traditional MEAN stack are available by replacing one or more of the components with similar (typically Javascript-based) frameworks.[5] For example: In a MEEN stack, the JavaScript MVC framework Ember.js is used instead of Angular, and likewise for the MERN stack, where React.js is used as a substitute.[6]


Some popular alternatives include MERN with React.js, MEVN with Vue.js, or MEN with plain JavaScript.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dickey, Jeff (2014-09-24). Write Modern Web Apps with the MEAN Stack: Mongo, Express, AngularJS, and Node.js. Peachpit Press. ISBN 9780133962376.
  2. ^ a b "The MEAN Stack: MongoDB, ExpressJS, Angular and Node.js". Tumblr. Apr 30, 2013.
  3. ^ "Mean Stack". LinkedIn.
  4. ^ "Angular 2 and NodeJS - The Practical Guide to MEAN Stack 2.0". February 2017.
  5. ^ holfener, Frys. "Offshore MEAN Stack Development". Imenso Software. Retrieved 17 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Mongo-Ember-Express-Node full-stack javascript open-source solution: YunnuY/meen". August 13, 2019 – via GitHub.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]