This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (November 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
MK14 (foreground) with modern reproductions behind
|Also known as||MK14|
|Manufacturer||Science of Cambridge|
|Units sold||15–15,000 (another source states 50,000)|
|CPU||National Semiconductor SC/MP (INS8060)|
|Memory||256 bytes of RAM (expandable to 640 bytes)|
|Display||8 or 9 red light-emitting diode (LED) seven segment display|
|Input||20 key keyboard|
The Microcomputer Kit 14, or MK14 was a computer kit sold by Science of Cambridge of the United Kingdom, first introduced in 1977 for UK£39.95. The price was very low for a complete computer system at the time, and Science of Cambridge eventually sold over fifteen thousand kits.
In 1977, Ian Williamson approached Clive Sinclair and Chris Curry with a computer design based around the National Semiconductor SC/MP processor. Sinclair and Curry both liked the idea and saw the potential of making a low cost microprocessor system available to the hobbyist market. Initially it was planned to market a kit based on the Williamson design. However, after National Semiconductor had been contacted regarding a bulk purchase of the SC/MP processor Sinclair and Curry decided to use the chip manufacturer's own design. This design used all National Semiconductor chips and the company allowed the use of its design for free.
To keep costs low a membrane keypad was used. The size of the initial batch was two thousand. The company sold between fifteen and fifty thousand in total.
The computer is based around National Semiconductor's SC/MP CPU (INS8060) and shipped with 256 bytes of random access memory (RAM) as standard. It used an eight or nine red light-emitting diode (LED) seven segment display, there was also optional VDU supporting 32×16 text or 64×64 graphics. Input and output was a 20 key keyboard and reset switch. Cassette-based and PROM storage were optional extras, a sound card was not included but a design for one was provided.
The on-board RAM could be increased in two ways; by the addition of an INS8154N RAM/IO chip providing an additional 128 bytes of RAM along with 16 I/O lines, and also a further 256 bytes by adding two 256 × 4 bit RAM chips giving a maximum of 640 bytes on board. These memory spaces were not contiguous in the memory map. It was possible to connect off-board RAM giving a 2170 bytes total.
The MK14 could address up to 64 KB of memory space by adding a few chips (the NADS address strobe indicated when the most significant four bits of address were available to be captured by an external latch); many pioneering home-brew computer magazines such as Personal Computer World, and Practical Electronics carried details of user modifications.
- "Planet Sinclair: Computers: MK 14: Articles: PE 5/79". www.nvg.ntnu.no.
- "Ian Williamson: The engineer who gave Sinclair his first micro".
- Sinclair, Planet. "Planet Sinclair: Computers: MK 14". rk.nvg.ntnu.no.
- Computerphile (15 November 2017). "1978's Raspberry Pi (MK14) - Computerphile" – via YouTube.
- MK14 manual
- Old-computers.com dedicated page, article, pictures, documents and videos
- The Sinclair / Science of Cambridge MK14 Web Site, includes emulator software
- Making a reproduction MK14 – includes original manuals/schematics