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Makhdoom (Arabic: مخدوم, meaning one who is served and sometimes spelled Makhdum) is an Arabic word meaning "Teacher of Sunnah." It is a title for Pirs, in South and Central Asia.
This title was used by the descendants of Pirs, Quraysh Tribe, politicians and landlords in the in Pakistani provinces of Punjab and Sindh. Hazrat Abbas, a respectable paternal uncle of Muhammad, often visited Mecca and Medina. Muhammad received him and always addressed him with the title Makhdoom. In the Punjab and Sindh provinces of Pakistan, this title was used by some but not others for sacerdotal dignity.
The Makhdoom families were respected in Pakistan mainly due to the role of their ancestors in spreading Islam in the subcontinent. However, a majority of the Makhdoom families are now landlords as well as are involved in national politics and are identified more by these roles. In contemporary politics the Makhdoom 'brand' has secured a large number of provincial and national seats throughout Pakistan and hold great power in the Parliament.
A Makhdoom was a respected person who dedicated his life to Islam, the Quran and the Sunnah. However, at present this title is commonly used by modern Pakistani politicians, landlords and Pirs who are unafilliated with Islam.
The term "Makhdoom" is used synonymously in reference to the Banu Makhzum sub-clan of the Quraysh tribe. In 617 the leaders of the Banu Makhzum clan, such as Amr ibn Hishām, declared a public boycott against Banu Hashim in order to pressure Banu Hashim to withdraw its protection for Muhammad. Meccan boycott of the Hashemites
People with the title Makhdoom
- Makhdoom Muhammad Ameen Faheem – a Pakistani politician and leader of PPP
- Makhdoom Syed Faisal Saleh Hayat – a Pakistani politician affiliated with PML-Q and former Interior Minister of Pakistan
- Hamza Makhdoom – a mystic from Kashmir (d. 1563 AD)
- Makhdoom Muhammad Javed Hashmi – a Pakistani politician, and central leader of PML-N
- Makhdoom Ali Khan – a former Attorney General of Pakistan
- Makhdoom Ali Mahimi – a Sufi saint from the Konkan in India
- Makhdoom Khusro Bakhtiar – a former Minister of State for Foreign Affairs
- Makhdoom Mohiuddin – an Urdu poet and Marxist politician from India
- Makhdoom Yahya Maneri – a mystic living in Bihar Sharif (1263 - 1379 AD)
- Makhdoom Mian Mir – a Sufi mystic from Lahore who laid first foundation of the Golden Temple in Amritsar
- Sayed Makhdoom Raheen – an ambassador of Afghanistan to India and former Information Minister of Afghanistan
- Makhdoom Shah Mehmood Qureshi – a Pakistani politician, former Foreign Minister of Pakistan
- Makhdoom Muhammad Zaman Talib-ul-Mola – the founding member of Pakistan Peoples Party and famous Sindhi poet
- Makhdoom Syed Yousaf Raza Gillani – a former Prime Minister of Pakistan
- Makhdoom Shahabuddin – a Pakistani politician
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