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For the village in Iran, see Makian, Iran.
COLLECTIE TROPENMUSEUM Gezicht op Poelau Makian TMnr 60010091.jpg
Makian Island in 1903
Maluku Islands en.png
Archipelago Maluku Islands
Highest elevation 1,357 m (4,452 ft)
Province Maluku

Makian (also Machian and Pulau Makian, where pulau means 'island') is a volcanic island, one of the Maluku Islands (Maluku Utara administrative division) in Indonesia. It lies near the southern end of a chain of volcanic islands off the western coast of Halmaherato (Halmahera region), to the south of Tidore and to the north of Kayoa and Bacan.[1]

The island is 10 kilometers wide, and its 1357-meter high summit consists of a large 1.5-kilometer wide crater, with a small lake on its Northeast side.[2] There are four parasitic cones on the western slopes of Makian. Makian volcano is also known as Mount Kiebesi (or Kie Besi).

Volcanic history[edit]

Makian volcano has had infrequent, but violent eruptions that destroyed villages on the island.

Its first recorded eruption was in the 1550s.[3] The eruptions of July 19, 1646, September 22, 1760 and December 28, 1861 are rated 4 in the Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Global Volcanism Program's Large Volcano Explocivity Index.[4] Since the first known eruption in the 1550s, it has erupted seven times, four of which caused fatalities.[5]

The 1760 eruption of the volcano killed about three thousand inhabitants. It erupted in 1890, and was then dormant until July 1988, when a series of eruptions forced the temporary evacuation of the island's entire population, then about fifteen thousand people.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Makian island, geographic location, administrative division and map". Retrieved April 5, 2013. .
  2. ^ "Description and photo of Makian island". Retrieved April 5, 2013. .
  3. ^ "Makian". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution. 
  4. ^ "Large Volcano Explocivity (sic) Index". May 10, 2010. Retrieved April 4, 2013. .
  5. ^ Smithsonian Institution / SEAN (1989). Lindsay McClelland; Tom Simkin; Marjorie Summers; Elizabeth Nielsen; Thomas C. Stein, eds. Global Volcanism 1975–1985. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs NJ, and American Geophysical Union, Washington DC. p. 232. ISBN 0-13-357203-X. 
  6. ^ Volcano erupts on evacuated island. United Press International July 30, 1988.

External links[edit]

Media related to Makian at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 00°20′N 127°22′E / 0.333°N 127.367°E / 0.333; 127.367