Coordinates: 00°20′N 127°22′E / 0.333°N 127.367°E / 0.333; 127.367
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
LocationSoutheast Asia
ArchipelagoMaluku Islands
Area84.36 km2 (32.57 sq mi)
Highest elevation1,357 m (4452 ft)
ProvinceNorth Maluku
Population13,833 (mid 2022 estimate)
Pop. density166.0/km2 (429.9/sq mi)
Additional information
Time zone

Makian (also Machian), known to local people as Mount Kie Besi,[1] is a volcanic island, one of the Maluku Islands within the province of North Maluku in Indonesia. It lies near the southern end of a chain of volcanic islands off the western coast of the province's major island, Halmahera, and lies between the islands of Moti and Tidore to the north and Kayoa and the Bacan Group to the south.[2] The island, which forms two districts (Pulau Makian and Makian Barat) within South Halmahera Regency of North Maluku Province, covers an area of 84.36, and had a population of 12,394 at the 2010 Census,[3] which rose to 14,000 at the 2020 Census.[4] The official estimate as at mid 2022 was 13,833.[5]

Makian Island District (Kecamatan Pulau Makian) consists of the 15 villages (desa) of Dalam, Dauri, Gitang, Gorup, Gurua, Kyowor, Matentengin, Ploili, Rabutdaiyo, Sangapati, Suma, Waigitang, Wailoa, Walo and Waykion. West Makian District (Kecamatan Makian Barat) covers the 7 villages (desa) of Bobawae, Malapat, Mateketen, Ombawa, Sebelei, Talapaon and Tegono.

The island is 10 kilometres (6 miles) wide, and its 1,357-metre (4,452-foot) high summit consists of a large 1.5 kilometres (1 mile) wide crater, with a small lake on its Northeast side.[6] There are four parasitic cones on the western slopes of Makian. Makian volcano is also known as Mount Kiebesi (or Kie Besi).

Volcanic history[edit]

Makian volcano has had infrequent, but violent eruptions that destroyed villages on the island.

Its first recorded eruption was in the 1550s.[7] The eruptions of July 19, 1646, September 22, 1760 and December 28, 1861 are rated 4 on the Volcanic Explosivity Index.[7] Since the first known eruption in the 1550s, it has erupted seven times, four of which caused fatalities.[8]

The 1760 eruption of the volcano killed about three thousand inhabitants. It erupted in 1890, and was then dormant until July 1988, when a series of eruptions forced the temporary evacuation of the island's entire population, then about fifteen thousand people.[9]


There are 2 unrelated languages spoken in this island, Taba and West Makian languages. Taba or East Makian belongs to the Austronesian language family, while West Makian belongs to the West Papuan language family.[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Peningkatan Aktivitas Gunung Kie Besi". (in Indonesian). Retrieved 2019-07-01.
  2. ^ "Makian island, geographic location, administrative division and map". Retrieved April 5, 2013..
  3. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2021.
  5. ^ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2023.
  6. ^ "Description and photo of Makian island". Retrieved April 5, 2013..
  7. ^ a b "Makian". Global Volcanism Program. Smithsonian Institution.
  8. ^ Smithsonian Institution / SEAN (1989). Lindsay McClelland; Tom Simkin; Marjorie Summers; Elizabeth Nielsen; Thomas C. Stein (eds.). Global Volcanism 1975–1985. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs NJ, and American Geophysical Union, Washington DC. p. 232. ISBN 0-13-357203-X.
  9. ^ Volcano erupts on evacuated island. United Press International July 30, 1988.
  10. ^ Voorhoeve, C.L. "The Makian Languages and Their Neighbours" (PDF). Pacific Linguistics.

External links[edit]

00°20′N 127°22′E / 0.333°N 127.367°E / 0.333; 127.367