Memoirs of an Invisible Man (film)
|Memoirs of an Invisible Man|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||John Carpenter|
|Based on||Memoirs of an Invisible Man
by H. F. Saint
|Music by||Shirley Walker|
|Cinematography||William A. Fraker|
|Edited by||Marion Rothman|
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
|Box office||$14.4 million|
Memoirs of an Invisible Man is a 1992 American comedy science fiction film directed by John Carpenter and released by Warner Bros., with many scenes taking place in and around San Francisco. The film is loosely based on Memoirs of an Invisible Man, a 1987 novel by H.F. Saint. According to William Goldman's book Which Lie Did I Tell?, the film was initially developed for director Ivan Reitman; however, this version never came to fruition, due to disagreements between Reitman and Chevy Chase. The director deviated from his usual practice of titling the film as "John Carpenter's" because he knew that Warner Brothers would not allow him full artistic control, saying that the studio "is in the business of making audience-friendly, non-challenging movies."
Nick Halloway (Chevy Chase) is a stock analyst who spends most of his life avoiding responsibility and connections with other people. At his favorite bar, the Academy Club, his friend George Talbot (Michael McKean) introduces him to Alice Monroe (Daryl Hannah), a TV documentary producer. Sharing an instant attraction, Nick and Alice make out in the ladies' room and set a lunch date for Friday.
The following morning, a hungover Nick attends a shareholders' meeting at Magnascopic Laboratories. Unable to endure the droning presentation by Dr. Bernard Wachs (Jim Norton), Nick leaves the room for a nap. A lab technician (Aaron Lustig) accidentally spills his mug of coffee onto a computer console, causing a meltdown, and the entire building is evacuated. The building seems to explode, but there is no debris. Instead, much of the building is rendered invisible, including Nick.
Shady CIA operative David Jenkins (Sam Neill) arrives on the scene, and discovers Nick's condition. While they are transferring him to an ambulance, the agents joke about how Nick will spend the rest of his life being studied by scientists. In a panic, Nick flees. Jenkins convinces his supervisor Warren Singleton (Stephen Tobolowsky) not to notify CIA headquarters so that they can capture and take credit for Nick, who could become the perfect secret agent.
Nick hides at the Academy Club. He locates Dr. Wachs and asks for his help to reverse his condition. Wachs agrees to help, but Jenkins kills him to keep Nick's invisibility a secret. Nick infiltrates the CIA headquarters to find any information that can be used against them. Jenkins discovers Nick and tries to recruit him, but Nick is disgusted by the idea of him killing people. They have a confrontation, but Nick gets away.
Nick goes to San Francisco and stays in George's remote beach house. George arrives with his wife Ellen (Patricia Heaton), Alice, and another friend, to spend the weekend. Nick phones Alice and tells her to meet him nearby. He reveals his condition to Alice, and she promptly faints. When she revives, Alice decides to stay with Nick and help him. They travel to Mexico, where Nick can start a new life. To make money, he trades stocks using Alice as a proxy. Jenkins tracks them down, and shoots Nick with a tranquilliser gun. Nick falls into a river, revives and escapes. He makes his way to a video store, where he records his memoirs on video tape, including an ultimatum for Jenkins: exchange Alice for the tape, or Nick will give it to the CIA and the press. Jenkins agrees to the exchange.
At the arranged time for the exchange, Jenkins puts Alice into a cab and orders his men to surround the phone booth where he thinks Nick is. The man in the phone booth turns out to be George, who is dressed in Nick's concealing clothing. Nick is disguised as the cab driver; he takes Alice away, pursued by Jenkins. They continue the chase on foot into a building still under construction, in the course of which Nick gets covered with concrete dust, outlining his silhouette. At the top, by taking off his jacket (which has the largest amount of dust on it), Nick tricks Jenkins into thinking that he has become desperate enough to commit suicide, thus making Jenkins lunge at the jacket and plunging off the building to his death.
Believing Nick to be dead, Singleton releases Alice. Nick reunites with Alice and they leave for Switzerland. The film ends with shots of Nick's apparently empty clothing skiing down a mountainside towards their chalet, where a pregnant Alice greets him with a hot drink and a kiss.
- Chevy Chase as Nick Halloway
- Daryl Hannah as Alice Monroe
- Sam Neill as David Jenkins
- Michael McKean as George Talbot
- Stephen Tobolowsky as Warren Singleton
- Jim Norton as Dr. Bernard Wachs
- Pat Skipper as Morrissey
- Paul Perri as Gomez
- Richard Epcar as Tyler
- Steven Barr as Clellan
- Gregory Paul Martin as Richard
- Patricia Heaton as Ellen
- Barry Kivel as a Drunk businessman
- Donald Li as a Cab driver
- Rosalind Chao as Cathy DiTolla
- Jay Gerber as Roger Whitman
- Shay Duffin as Patrick, the bartender
- Edmund L. Shaff as Edward Schneiderman
- Sam Anderson as Chairman of the House Committee
- Elaine Corral as News anchor
- Ellen Albertini Dow as Mrs. Coulson
- Jonathan Wigan as a Delivery boy
- I.M. Hobson as Maitre d'
- Rip Haight* as a Helicopter pilot
- Aaron Lustig as a Technician
* Pseudonym for John Carpenter.
Warner Bros paid $1.35 million for the film rights to the novel. William Goldman was assigned to write the screenplay in the mid 1980s, by which time Chevy Chase and Ivan Reitman were already attached.
The project was largely a vanity project shepherded by Chase through the studio (the film is billed as "A Cornelius Production" – Cornelius is Chevy Chase's real first name). He wanted to make a film about the loneliness of invisibility, and he had tapped Ivan Reitman to direct. He intended the film to be a bridge into less comedic roles, and when Reitman discovered that he would not be directing Chase in a broad comedy, he backed out of the film. Goldman left the project saying "I'm too old and too rich for this shit." He later said that Mark Canton, head of the studio, did not pay the writer for all his work causing Goldman to initiate a lawsuit against them.
Near the end of the film, Nick wonders aloud what his children with Alice will look like. John Carpenter did shoot an alternate ending showing this birth, but the film only shows Alice in the later stages of pregnancy.
During the scene where Alice first meets the invisible Nick, he is shown to have his head wrapped in bandages and is wearing large dark goggles — an acknowledgement to Griffin, the title character from the novel The Invisible Man by H.G. Wells.
This is one of the few John Carpenter films not scored by the director, with Shirley Walker composing the music instead. Unlike prior collaborators Ennio Morricone on The Thing and Jack Nitzsche on Starman, Walker would re-team with Carpenter – the two co-scored the subsequent Escape From L.A..
The film received mostly negative responses from critics. It has a 21% freshness rating on Rotten Tomatoes, with only 6 positive reviews out of 28 with the summary: "It boasts an intriguing cast and the special effects were groundbreaking, but they can't compensate for Memoirs of an Invisible Man's sadly pedestrian script".
Roger Ebert wrote of the film, "The plot is lazy and conventional. What is good about the movie involves Chase and Hannah, who have to work out between them the logistical problems of their strange relationship." Reviewing the movie for The Washington Post, Desson Howe mused, "Memoirs of an Invisible Man isn't a movie. It's an identity crisis. The previews would have you believe it's a zany comedy. But the jokes are too far and few between. And if it's a comedy, why is John Carpenter directing it? This is the man who did Halloween...if Memoirs wants to get serious, why is Chevy Chase in the lead? This is the man who starred in National Lampoon's European Vacation."
While reviewing the DVD release of the film for Film Freak Central, Bill Chambers wrote that Carpenter's use of effects makes the film worth seeing. He feels that the scene where Nick's body is outlined by raindrops is more effectively imagined than an identical scene in Daredevil.
- "John Carpenter: Prince of Darkness, Film Freak Central, Bill Chambers".
- Lindgren, Kristina; Christian, Susan; Spencer, Terry (1992-02-28). "Cover Story : Memories of a Too-Visible Man : Tired of being identified with comedy, Chevy Chase has worked hard to reveal his serious side in 'Memoirs of an Invisible Man'". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-11-18.
- Gentry, Ric (1992-02-23). "WHISTLE-STOP: Fans who gawked at Chevy Chase and Daryl...". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-11-18.
- 'Exit Line', Los Angeles Times (1923-Current File) [Los Angeles, Calif] 12 June 1988: K33.
- Goldman, William, Which Lie Did I Tell?, Bloomsbury, 2000 p 10-16
- Fox, David J. (1992-03-03). "Weekend Box Office 'Wayne's World' Keeps Partyin' On". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-11-18.
- "Memoirs of an Invisible Man". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 10, 2015.
- Rainer, Peter (1992-02-28). "MOVIE REVIEW : 'Invisible Man' Fails to Master the Possibilities". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2010-11-18.
- "Memoirs of an Invisible Man, Roger Ebert.". Chicago Sun-Times.
- "Memoirs of an Invisible Man, Desson Howe". The Washington Post. 1992-02-28.