Dark Star (film)
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|Directed by||John Carpenter|
|Produced by||John Carpenter|
|Screenplay by||John Carpenter
|Story by||John Carpenter
|Music by||John Carpenter|
|Edited by||Dan O'Bannon|
Jack H. Harris Enterprises
University of Southern California
|Distributed by||Bryanston Pictures|
Dark Star is a 1974 American science fiction comedy film written by John Carpenter and Dan O'Bannon. The feature film debut for both, it was directed, produced and scored by Carpenter, and edited by and starring Dan O'Bannon, who also acted as production designer and visual effect supervisor.
In the mid 22nd century, mankind has reached a point in technological advancement that enables colonization of the far reaches of the universe. Armed with artificially intelligent "Thermostellar Triggering Devices", the scout ship "Dark Star" and its crew have been alone in space for 20 years on a mission to destroy "unstable planets" which might threaten future colonization of other planets.
The ship's crew consists of Lt. Doolittle (helmsman, and initially, second-in-command), Sgt. Pinback (bombardier), Cpl. Boiler (navigator), and Talby (target specialist). "Dark Star" Commander Powell was killed during hyperdrive as a result of an electrical short behind his rear seat panel, but remains onboard ship in a state of cryogenic suspension. The crew members perform their jobs with abject boredom, as the tedium of their tasks over 20 years has driven them "around the bend." The "Dark Star" ship is in a constant state of deterioration and frequent system malfunctions (for example, a radiation leak which is not repairable, their cargo of intelligent talking bombs lowering from their bomb bay without a command to do so, an explosion destroying their sleeping quarters, the food processing computer repeatedly serving chicken-flavored liquid meals, and a storage bay "self destructing" and destroying the ship's entire supply of toilet paper), and only the soft-spoken female voice of the ship's computer for company. They have created distractions for themselves: Doolittle, formerly a surfer from Malibu, California, has constructed a musical bottle organ; Talby spends his time in the ship's observation dome, content to watch the universe go by; Boiler obsessively trims his moustache, enjoys smoking cigars, and shoots targets with the ship's emergency laser rifle in a corridor; while Pinback plays practical jokes on the crew members, maintains a video diary, and has adopted a ship's mascot in the form of a mischievous "beachball"-like alien who refuses to stay in a storage room, forcing Pinback to chase it around the ship. With regard to Pinback, he may not actually be "Sgt. Pinback" at all; in his video diary, he states he is liquid fuel specialist Bill Froug, who inadvertently took the "real" Sgt. Pinback's place on the mission. It is unclear, however, whether or not this is a paranoid illusory fiction Sgt Pinback has created, due to his prolonged time working in deep space.
En route to their next target (the Veil Nebula), the "Dark Star" is hit by a bolt of electromagnetic energy during a storm, resulting in yet another on-board malfunction, with "Thermostellar Bomb #20" receiving an order to deploy. With some difficulty, the ship's computer convinces Bomb #20 that the order was in error, and persuades the bomb to disarm itself and return to the bomb bay. Talby notes the malfunction, and decides to investigate the fault (to the complete disinterest of his crew mates), and discovers a damaged communications laser in the emergency airlock while the crew is engaging their next bombing run. While attempting to repair it the laser malfunctions, blinding Talby and knocking him unconscious, inadvertently triggering a more serious problem, causing extensive damage to the ship's main computer, and damaging the bomb release mechanism on Bomb #20.
Due to the damaged ship's computer, the crew members discover that they cannot activate the release mechanism and attempt to abort the drop. To make matters worse, after two prior accidental deployments, and intent on exploding as it was programmed to do, Bomb #20 refuses to disarm or abort the countdown sequence. As Pinback and Boiler try to talk the bomb out of blowing up underneath the ship, Doolittle revives Commander Powell, who advises him to talk to the bomb, and to teach the bomb the rudiments of phenomenology. After donning a space suit and exiting the ship to approach the bomb directly, Doolittle engages in a philosophical conversation with Bomb #20 until it decides to abort its countdown and retreat to the bomb bay for further contemplation. Disaster appears to have been averted, but when attempting to re-enter the ship, Doolittle inadvertently jettisons Talby out of the airlock. As Doolittle tries to rescue the now-conscious Talby as he floats away from the "Dark Star," Pinback addresses the bomb over the intercom in another attempt to disarm it.
Unfortunately, Doolittle has mistakenly taught the bomb Cartesian doubt and, as a result, Bomb #20 determines that it can only trust itself and not external input. Convinced that only it exists, and that its sole purpose in life is to explode, Bomb #20 states "Let there be light," and promptly detonates. Pinback and Boiler are killed instantly. Commander Powell is jettisoned into space encased in ice, and Talby and Doolittle are blown in opposite trajectories, drifting away from each other. Talby drifts into the Phoenix Asteroids (a cluster of glowing asteroids he has long had a fascination with), destined to circumnavigate the universe for eternity. As Doolittle loses contact with Talby, he sees that he is falling toward the unstable planet. Realizing he will burn in the atmosphere, he drifts into debris from the "Dark Star," finds an appropriately surfboard-shaped hunk of debris, and "surfs" down into the atmosphere of the planet, dying as a falling star.
- Lt. Doolittle – Brian Narelle
- Sgt. Pinback – Dan O'Bannon
- Boiler – Cal Kuniholm
- Talby – Dre Pahich
- Commander Powell – Joe Saunders
- Computer – Cookie Knapp
- Bomb #19 – Alan Sheretz
- Bomb #20 – Adam Beckenbaugh
- Mission Control – Miles Watkins
- Alien – Nick Castle
Director John Carpenter and Dan O'Bannon wrote the screenplay while film students at the University of Southern California. Six years later, the basic "Beachball with Claws" subplot of the film was reworked from comedy to horror, and became the basis (along with an unpublished story about gremlins aboard a B-17) for the O'Bannon-scripted science fiction horror classic, Alien.
Working on an estimated $60,000 budget, Carpenter and O'Bannon created the production design from scratch. In the "elevator" sequence, the bottom of the elevator is in fact rolling on the floor. The device used to roll the elevator base was a Moviola camera dolly normally used on the small sound stage in the old USC Cinema building (a former horse stable). The steering arm of the dolly can be seen in the "elevator's" underside. Talby's starsuit backpack is made from Styrofoam packing material and his spacesuit chestplate is a cake pan and muffin tray. The space helmets were part of Ideal Toys S.T.A.R. Team toy line for young children, resulting in the snug fit on the adult actors' heads. The double rows of large buttons on the bridge consoles are ice cube trays illuminated from beneath. Sergeant Pinback's video diary is an 8-track tape and the machine he uses to read and record is a microfiche reader. O'Bannon also starred as Sgt. Pinback.
The bombs are made from an AMT 1/25 scale semi-trailer kit and parts of a 1/12th scale model car kit; "Matra", the name of the car brand can be seen in some shots. The space suits are made to resemble the space suit of the Mattel action figure "Major Matt Mason", which was used in slightly modified form as a miniature in some effects shots. Cobb drew the original design for the "Dark Star" ship on a napkin while eating at the International House of Pancakes.
The film featured the first hyperspace sequence to show the effect of stars rushing past the Dark Star vessel in a tunnel-effect (due to superluminal velocity) and the technique was used in Star Wars three years later.
Although destined for eventual cinematic release in 1974, this was only possible as a consequence of a successful series of showings at a number of film festivals in 1973. Originally, the film was a 68-minute student short filmed on 16mm film. The movie was seen by producer Jack H. Harris, who obtained the theatrical distribution rights to the film, and arranged for a transfer to 35mm, and Harris paid for an additional 15 minutes of film footage, which brought the movie up to feature film length.
For theatrical release, parts of the film were re-edited to make it feel like a three-part story, and extra footage was filmed to add substantial running time. This included the bottle-organ scene, the alien chase and elevator scenes, the sleeping quarters scene and a reworked ending involving Boiler and Pinback fighting over a gun (originally the fight took place in the control room, and involved a search for a misplaced failsafe key).
John Carpenter would later lament that as a result of the padding into a feature-length movie, their "great looking student film" became a "terrible looking feature film".
The film was released on DVD March 23, 1999 in a single disc edition. A special two-disc "Hyperdrive Edition" DVD was released in 2010 by VCI Entertainment including the director's cut and a longer original theatrical release, as well as a long featurette explaining the origins of Dark Star and how it was produced. A fan commentary provides information about the film.
Dark Star can be considered a black comedy although it was marketed by Harris as a serious science fiction film. As a result, most of the cinema-going audience did not expect the humor and Dark Star's reception suffered from not reaching the intended audience. The home video cassette revolution of the early 1980s saw Dark Star become a cult film among sci-fi fans.
Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a 79% fresh rating, with the following consensus: "A loopy 2001 satire, Dark Star may not be the most consistent sci-fi comedy, but its portrayal of human eccentricity is a welcome addition to the genre." Roger Ebert gave the film three stars out of four, writing: "Dark Star is one of the damnedest science fiction movies I've ever seen, a berserk combination of space opera, intelligent bombs, and beach balls from other worlds." Leonard Maltin awarded the film two and a half stars, describing it as "enjoyable for sci-fi fans and surfers"; he also compliments the effective use of the limited budget.
The "Beachball with Claws" segment of the film was reworked by Dan O'Bannon into the 1979 science fiction-horror film Alien. After witnessing audiences failing to laugh at parts of Dark Star which were intended as humorous, O'Bannon lamented "If I can't make them laugh, then maybe I can make them scream."
Doug Naylor has said in interviews that Dark Star was the inspiration for Dave Hollins: Space Cadet, the radio sketches that evolved into the television science fiction situation comedy Red Dwarf.
A potentially record-breaking underground cave system in Uzbekistan has been named Dark Star by British Cavers that were the first to reach its entrance.
The music for Dark Star is chiefly pure electronic style made by John Carpenter using synthesizers.
The theme song played in the opening and closing credits is "Benson, Arizona". The music was written by John Carpenter, and the lyrics were by Bill Taylor, concerning a man who travels the galaxy at light speed and misses his beloved back on Earth. The lead vocalist was John Yager, a college friend of Carpenter's. Yager was not a professional musician "apart from being in a band in college."
- Holdstock, Robert. Encyclopedia of Science Fiction, Octopus Books, 1978, pp. 80–81. ISBN 0-7064-0756-3
- Cinefex magazine, issue 2, Aug 1980. Article by Brad Munson: "Greg Jein, Miniature Giant". (Discusses Dark Star, among other subjects.)
- Fantastic Films magazine, Oct 1978, vol. 1 no. 4, pages 52–58, 68–69. James Delson interviews Greg Jein, about Dark Star and other projects Jein had worked on.
- Fantastic Films magazine, Sep 1979, issue 10, pages 7–17, 29–30. Dan O'Bannon discusses Dark Star and Alien, other subjects. (Article was later reprinted in "The very best of Fantastic Films", Special Edition #22 as well.)
- Fantastic Films magazine, Collector's Edition #17, Jul 1980, pages 16–24, 73, 76–77, 92. (Article: "John Carpenter Overexposed" by Blake Mitchell and James Ferguson. Discusses Dark Star, among other things.)
- Bradbury, Ray, Kaleidoscope Doubleday & Company 1951
- Foster, Alan Dean. Dark Star, Futura Publications, 1979. ISBN 0-7088-8048-7. (Adapted from a script by Dan O'Bannon and John Carpenter by the author of Alien (film))
- Maçek III, J.C. (2012-11-21). "Building the Perfect Star Beast: The Antecedents of 'Alien'". PopMatters.
- Carpenter, John; O'Bannon, Dan. ""Dark Star", short film script". Retrieved 2013-06-05.
- Creative Screenwriting magazine, Sep/Oct 2004, Vol. 11 No. 5, pages 70–73. (Article: "Alien, 25 years later: Dan O'Bannon looks back on his scariest creation" by David Konow. Discusses, among other things, how the "Beach Ball Alien" scenes in Dark Star were an inspiration for Alien.)
- "Dark Star Bomb 20 forum thread". The RPF. Retrieved 7 March 2013.
- "Rotten Tomatoes – Dark Star". Retrieved 2009-12-15.
- Ebert, Roger. "Dark Star (***)". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2009-12-15.
- Maltin, Leonard (2009), p. 320. Leonard Maltin's Movie Guide. ISBN 1-101-10660-3. Signet Books. Accessed May 8, 2012
- "Dark Star movie review – Film – Time Out London". Time Out. Archived from the original on 2008-06-30. Retrieved 2008-02-17.
- "Dark Star".
Bradbury's story is about a group of rocket men floating away from each other in space after their ship has exploded. Eventually only two men are left in radio contact; one of them is carried off by an enchanting, kaleidoscopic meteor swarm, and the other falls to earth as a shooting star. This situation is exactly recreated at the end of Dark Star, and some of the dialogue is adapted directly from Bradbury's text.
- Puccio, John. J. DARK STAR - DVD review, Movie Metropolis
- Interview: RED DWARF Writer / Co-Creator DOUG NAYLOR". Starburst, October 1, 2012, Retrieved October 6, 2012
- Kermode, Mark (March 25, 2007). "2007: a scorching new space odyssey". Guardian.
- Gus Sorola (21 March 2012). "Rooster Teeth Podcast". roosterteeth.com (Podcast). Rooster Teeth Productions. Event occurs at 33:46. Retrieved 2013-08-20.[permanent dead link]
- HIDEO_KOJIMA [HIDEO_KOJIMA_EN] (July 5, 2015). ""Donna-san's iDROID computer voice in MGSV wasn't inspired from HAL9000 in 2001 A Space Odyssey but the female computer voice in Dark Star" (Tweet). Retrieved July 30, 2015 – via Twitter.
- "Is This the Underground Everest?". 2017-02-06. Retrieved 2017-02-15.
- Muir, John Kenneth (2000). The Films of John Carpenter. McFarland. p. 54.
- "Dark Star – Benson, Arizona". Benzedrine.cx. Retrieved 2010-06-16.