Miniature art

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True miniature art or painting in little is a genre that focuses on art (especially painting, engraving and sculpture) with a long history that dates back to the scribes of the medieval ages. Miniature art societies, such as the World Federation of Miniaturists (WFM), provide applicable definitions of the term.[1] An often-used definition is that a piece of miniature art can be held in the palm of the hand, or that it covers less than 25 square inches or 100 cm². Subjects are depicted in 1/6 actual size, and in all paintings the spirit of miniaturisation should be maintained.

Miniature art has been made for over 1000 years and is prized by collectors. The U.S. White House, the Smithsonian American Art Museum, Astolat Dollhouse Castle, and museums around the world have collections of miniature paintings, drawings, original prints and etchings, and sculpture.[citation needed]

For contemporary artists and collectors interested in visiting or participating in miniature art shows, there are several such exhibitions. Here is a list of selected miniature shows that are representative of miniature fine art being shown across the world today:

Miniature Art Society of Florida Annual International Exhibition every January in Dunedin, FL USA (Entries must be less than 25 square inches in size for paintings, less than 8 inches in any dimension for sculptures, and created with attention to detail. There are some exceptions for very small subjects, but in general items depicted should be smaller than 1/6 their original size.)

Sulphur Springs Valley International Miniature and Small Works Art Show every February, Willcox, AZ USA (Paintings must be less than 20 square inches in size and objects in them must be 1/6 their original size or less.)

Seaside Art Gallery Annual Miniature Fine Art Show every May, Nags Head, NC USA (Paintings must measure 42 square inches or less from the outside of the frames. Sculptures cannot exceed 6 inches in any dimension. The 1/6 rule does not apply to this competition.)

Annual International Juried Miniature Show at Parklane Gallery every May, Kirkland, WA USA (Entries must be less than 25 square inches in size for paintings, less than 4 inches in any dimension for sculptures, and created with attention to detail. There are some exceptions for very small subjects, but in general items depicted should be smaller than 1/6 their original size.)

The Art of the Miniature Annual Invitational Miniature Art Exhibition at The Snow Goose Gallery every May, Bethlehem, PA USA (Entries must be less than 25 square inches in size for paintings and created with attention to detail. There are some exceptions for very small subjects, but in general items depicted should be smaller than 1/6 their original size.)

Heartland Art Guild International Miniature Paintings & Sculptures Art Show every July, Miami County Historical Museum in Paola, KS USA (Entries must be less than 25 square inches in size for paintings, less than 6 inches in any dimension for sculptures, and created with attention to detail. Items depicted should be smaller than 1/6 their original size.)

Annual Gateway to the Rockies Art Show, Aurora History Museum, every October Aurora, CO USA (Traditional miniature rules do not apply. The only criteria is that images be 36 square inches or less in size.)

Miniatures and More Invitational Show, Albuquerque Art Museum, every October, Albuquerque, NM USA (Paintings are limited to a framed size maximum of 324 square inches (height x width) or any proportion of framed height and width added together equaling 36 inches total or smaller. For sculpture the size limit is 15-20 inches or smaller in any one dimension - height, width or length).

Council For the Arts Annual Miniature Art Show at The Capitol Theatre Center every November, Chambersburg, PA USA (Paintings images must measure 24 square inches or less. Sculptures cannot exceed 5 inches in any dimension. The 1/6 rule does not apply to this competition.)

Miniature Painters Sculptors Gravers Society of Washington D.C. Annual Miniature Exhibition every November, Bethesda, MD USA (Paintings images must measure 25 square inches or less. Sculptures cannot exceed 6 inches in any dimension. Entries must adhere to the "spirit of miniature" which includes attention to detail and the 1/6 rule for objects that are not too small to depict at 1/6 their size.)

Annual North American Miniature Art Exhibition at The Art Gallery of Fells Point, Baltimore, MD USA (Paintings images must measure 24 square inches or less. Sculptures cannot exceed 8 inches in any dimension. Entries must adhere to the "spirit of miniature" which includes attention to detail and the 1/6 rule for objects that are not too small to depict at 1/6 their size.)

Artists of the miniature art genre[edit]

Painters[edit]

*Ted T. Ellis (US)

Potters[edit]

Sculptors[edit]

Miniature art societies & groups[edit]

  • Artisans In Miniature (AIM)[6] (International)
  • Association of Miniature Artists (AMA)[7] (International)
  • Australian Society of Miniature Art (ASMA/NSW)[8] (New South Wales)
  • Australian Society of Miniature Art (ASMA/Tas) (Tasmania)
  • Australian Society of Miniature Art (ASMA/Vic) (Victoria)
  • AVIT (St. Petersburg, Russia)
  • British Watercolor Society and Society of Miniaturists[9] (UK)
  • Cider Painters of America (CPA)[10] (US)
  • Hilliard Society of Miniaturists (HS)[11] (UK)
  • International Guild of Miniature Artists (IGMA)[12] (International)
  • Israel Miniature Art Society (IMAS) (Israel)
  • Miniature Art Society of Florida (MASF)[13] (US state of Florida)
  • Miniature Artists of America (MAA)[14] (US)
  • Miniature Arts Society of South Africa (MASSA)[15]
  • Miniature Painters, Sculptors and Gravers Society of Washington (MPSGS) (US Federal District of Washington D.C.)
  • New Mexico Miniature Arts Society (NMMAS) (US state of New Mexico)
  • Northern California Society of Arts in Miniature (NCSAM) (US state of California, headquartered in Mariposa, California)
  • Oceanside Miniature Art Society (OMAS) (Canadian province of British Columbia)
  • Royal Society of Miniature Painters, Sculptors & Gravers (RMS)[16] (UK)
  • Society of Limners (SLM)[17] (UK)
  • South Texas Miniature Art Society (STMAS) (US state of Texas, headquartered in Corpus Christi, Texas)
  • West Coast Society of Miniature Art (WCSMA) (US state of California)
  • World Federation of Miniaturists (WFM) (International)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
Bibliography

Further reading[edit]

  • Burton, Sue (1995). The Techniques of Painting Miniatures. B.T. Batsford Ltd. ISBN 0-7134-7459-9. 
  • Coombs, Katherine (1998). The Portrait Miniature in England. V&A Publications. ISBN 1-85177-206-5. 
  • Foskett, Daphne (1987). Miniatures Dictionary and Guide. The Antique Collectors' Club Ltd. ISBN 1-85149-063-9. 
  • Frank, Robin Jaffee (2000). Love and Loss American Portrait and Mourning Miniatures. Yale University Art Gallery. ISBN 0-300-08724-1. 
  • Hughes, Johnson (1994). How to Paint Miniatures. Quintet Publishing Ltd. ISBN 0-7858-0029-8. 
  • Johnson, Dale T. (1990). American Portrait Miniatures, In The Manney Collection. The Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 0-87099-597-9. 
  • Livermann, Petryszak (2000). Catalogue of the Miniature Collection. The Miniature Art Society of Florida. 
  • Mundy, Bill (2005). Portrait Miniatures. William P. Mundy. ISBN 0-9550017-0-6. 
  • Mundy, Bill (2006). Portrait Miniatures 2. William P. Mundy. ISBN 0-9550017-1-4. 
  • Mundy, Bill (2008). Portrait Miniatures Oriental. William P. Mundy. ISBN 0-9550017-3-0. 
  • Murdoch, John (1981). The English Miniature. Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-02778-8. 
  • Murrell, Jim (1983). The Way How to Lymne. Victoria and Albert Museum. ISBN 0-905209-39-7. 
  • Phillips, Arturi (2006). 'A Thing Apart' Portrait Miniatures from the W.R. Johnston Collection. Portrait Miniature Club. ISBN 0-646-45638-5. 
  • Phillips, Arturi (2010). The Arturi Phillips Collection. A Collection of Portrait Miniatures. Portrait Miniature Club. ISBN 978-2-9536625-0-4. 
  • Phillips, Arturi (2012). Dictionary of Miniature Painters 1870-1970. Portrait Miniature Club. ISBN 978-2-9536625-1-1. 
  • Reynolds, Graham (1998). British Portrait Miniatures. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-59202-X. 
  • Ridley, Jo Ann (1997). Looking For Eulabee Dix, The Illustrated Biography of an American Miniaturist. The National Museum of Women in the Arts. ISBN 0-940979-36-5. 
  • Siegrist, Wes (2008). Exquisite Miniatures by Wes & Rachelle Siegrist. Wes Siegrist. ISBN 978-0-9821278-0-3. 
  • Siegrist, Wes (2010). Modern Masters of Miniature Art in America. Wes Siegrist. ISBN 978-0-9821278-3-4. 
  • Willies, Joan Cornish (1995). Miniature Painting. Watson-Guptill Publications. ISBN 0-8230-2979-4. 
  • Wood, Elizabeth Davies (1989). Painting Miniatures. A&C Black Ltd. ISBN 0-8230-3717-7. 

Videos[edit]

  • Historic and Contemporary Miniature Artists (1994). Timeless Treasures (DVD). The Miniature Art Society of Florida. 

External links[edit]