Miniature park

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Part of the one-ninth scale model of Bourton-on-the-Water, Gloucestershire, England
A model of a burning house at Bekonscot
Acting models of airliners and Amsterdam Airport Schiphol in Madurodam
Acting as riders models of trains in Swiss Vapeur Parc

A miniature park is an open space that displays miniature buildings and models, and is usually open to the public. A miniature park may contain a model of a single city or town, often called a miniature city or model village, or it can contain a number of different sets of models. They have been developed as recreational and tourist attractions, with possible roots in Japanese miniature gardens.

Most examples are located in landscaped outdoor spaces, but the definition has widened in recent years to encompass large-scale miniature landscapes indoors.

History[edit]

There is evidence to suggest the existence of private model villages and miniature parks since the 19th century, but it was only in the 1930s to 1950s that the genre became tourist attractions. Early examples include Bekonscot in the UK and Madurodam in The Hague.

Variations on a theme[edit]

"Mini-Tapiola" is a miniature version of the centre of Tapiola, Espoo, within the centre itself

Most model villages and parks are built to a consistent scale; varying from 1:76 as used by the intricately detailed Pendon in England up to the 1:9 scale of Wimborne Model Town.

Continental Europe and Asia have tended to favour the scale of 1:25, whilst North American and UK examples have been based upon 1:12 and other variants.

PIPKA There has been a move away from the "model village" concept since the mid- to late 20th century towards a "miniature park" concept. Model villages are typically larger-scale, sit in a cohesive miniature landscape and allow viewing and physical interaction with the exhibits, such as publicly accessed streets and urban areas. Miniature parks however, are primarily concerned with the display of exhibits in their own right, viewed from a distance. Model railways, rivers and roads may provide a continuation between miniature parks exhibits.

Other forms of miniature exhibitions[edit]

Some exhibitions are displayed indoors. The most common forms are model railroads and dollhouses.

List of miniature parks[edit]

Europe[edit]

Austria[edit]

Belgium[edit]

Bulgaria[edit]

Miniuni, Ostrava

Czechia[edit]

Denmark[edit]

France[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Germany[edit]

Hungary[edit]

Ireland[edit]

Italy[edit]

Netherlands[edit]

Norway[edit]

Lower Silesia Monuments miniature Park, Kowary

Poland[edit]

  • Miniature park and Dinosaur park, Wrocław
  • Park Miniatur Zabytków Dolnego Śląska, Kowary
  • Nadmorski Park Miniatur i Kolejek w Dziwnowie
  • Park Miniatur Latarni Morskich, Niechorze
  • Park Miniatur "Świat Marzeń", Inwałd

Portugal[edit]

Russia[edit]

Slovakia[edit]

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

Switzerland[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

An overview of the Babbacombe Model Village
The Former Model Village at the Eastbourne Redoubt

United Kingdom[edit]

North America[edit]

Canada[edit]

Mexico[edit]

Archetypal replica of a German village at the Germany Pavilion in Epcot, Disney World

United States[edit]

South America[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Chile[edit]

Asia/Pacific Region[edit]

Australia[edit]

China[edit]

Jambi Pavilion in Taman Mini Indonesia Indah

Indonesia[edit]

Japan[edit]

Kazakhstan[edit]

South Korea[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Myanmar[edit]

Taiwan[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Middle East[edit]

Iran[edit]

Israel[edit]

Turkey[edit]

United Arab Emirates[edit]

Africa[edit]

South Africa[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ http://www.minimundus-bodensee.de/
  3. ^ Klein-Erzgebirge
  4. ^ "Lichtenstein - Mit über 100 weltbekannten Miniatur-Bauwerken im Maßstab 1:25 auf 4,5 Hektar Fläche ein touristischer Ausflug für die ganze Familie". miniwelt.de. 
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  6. ^ "Italia in Miniatura". italiainminiatura.com. 
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  8. ^ Super User. "www.sardegnainminiatura.it - Home". sardegnainminiatura.it. 
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  13. ^ "swissminiatur". swissminiatur.ch. 
  14. ^ "Tourist Attraction / Activities in Blackpool - Blackpool Model Village". blackpoolmodelvillage.com. 
  15. ^ "Anglesey Model Village and Gardens". angleseymodelvillage.co.uk. 
  16. ^ http://www.visitisleofwight.co.uk/things-to-do/godshill-model-village-p137341
  17. ^ "Model Village in Great Yarmouth. Merrivale Model Village Norfolk, England". greatyarmouthmodelvillage.co.uk. 
  18. ^ "Babbacombe Model Village". babbacombemodelvillage.co.uk. 
  19. ^ "miniaturapark.co.uk". miniaturapark.co.uk. 
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  21. ^ "Lakeland Miniature Village attraction in the English Lake District". lakelandminiaturevillage.com. 
  22. ^ "Corfe Castle Model Village, Gardens & Cafe. Home Page". corfecastlemodelvillage.co.uk. 
  23. ^ http://www.portsmouth-guide.co.uk/local/modelvil.htm
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  25. ^ http://www.enjoyengland.com/attractions/find-attraction/ProductDetail.aspx?Pid=125109
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  29. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-08-30. 
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  32. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-08-30. 
  33. ^ http://www.ironhorsepark.net
  34. ^ http://www.discovermexico.org
  35. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-03-05. Retrieved 2012-04-15. 
  36. ^ "Cockington Green Gardens". cockingtongreen.com.au. 
  37. ^ "Tudor Miniature Village Fitzroy Gardens Melbourne". funtours.com.au. 
  38. ^ "Model Dutch Village, Clog Barn, Coffs Harbour, NSW". clogbarn.com.au. 
  39. ^ "Beijing World Park". kinabaloo.com. 
  40. ^ "TOBU WORLD SQUARE". tobuws.co.jp. 
  41. ^ "National Races Village". myanmars.net. 
  42. ^ [1]
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  44. ^ "Minicity Antalya". antalyanet.de. 

External links[edit]