Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization

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This article is about the revolutionary umbrella organization. For the left-wing reformist party, see Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution of Iran Organization.
Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization
سازمان مجاهدین انقلاب اسلامی
Paramilitary wing commander Mohammad Boroujerdi[1]
Supreme Leader representative Hossein Rasti-Kashani[2]
Founded April 1979
Dissolved October 1986
Succeeded by Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution of Iran Organization (left faction)
Society of Devotees of the Islamic Revolution (right faction)
Headquarters Tehran, Iran
Membership  (1979) <1,000[3]
Ideology
Political position Left/Right factions[3]
Religion Islam
National affiliation Grand Coalition

Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution Organization (Persian: سازمان مجاهدین انقلاب اسلامی‎‎) was an umbrella political organization in Iran, founded in 1979 by unification of seven underground Islamist revolutionary paramilitary and civil[3] organizations which previously fought to Pahlavi monarchy.[4]

History[edit]

Most members were among those formerly associated with the People's Mujahedin of Iran but left the organization after it declared ideology switch to Marxism.[4] The groups were:[4]

  • "United Ummah" (Persian: امت واحده‎‎; Ommat-e-Vahede)
  • "Monotheistic Badr" (Persian: توحیدی بدر‎‎; Towhidiye-Badr)
  • "Monotheistic Queue" (Persian: توحیدی صف‎‎; Towhidiye-Saff)
  • "Peasant" (Persian: فلاح‎‎; Fallah)
  • "Daybreak" (Persian: فلق‎‎: Falaq)
  • "Victors" (Persian: منصورون‎‎; Mansouroun)
  • "Monotheists" (Persian: موحدین‎‎; Movahedin)

Dissolution[edit]

The organization dissolved in 1986 as a result of tensions between the leftist and rightist members.[3]

Legacy[edit]

Left-wing members of the organization decided to resume activities in 1991 and established leftist Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution of Iran Organization (adding the words “of Iran” to the name) which later emerged as a reformist party.[3] Some right-wing members founded Society of Devotees of the Islamic Revolution in late-1990s.[5]

Notable members[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Forozan, Hesam (2015), The Military in Post-Revolutionary Iran: The Evolution and Roles of the Revolutionary Guards, Durham Modern Middle East and Islamic World Series, 38, Routledge, p. 107 
  2. ^ Moslem, Mehdi (2002). Factional politics in post-Khomeini Iran. Syracuse University Press. p. 68. ISBN 978-0-8156-2978-8. 
  3. ^ a b c d e "Organization of the Mojahedin of the Islamic Revolution of Iran" (PDF). Iran Data Portal. Retrieved 10 May 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Alfoneh, Ali (2013), Iran Unveiled: How the Revolutionary Guards Is Transforming Iran from Theocracy into Military Dictatorship, AEI Press, pp. 8–10 
  5. ^ "Association of the Devotees of the Islamic Revolution" (PDF). Iran Data Portal. Retrieved 10 May 2016.