|Headquarters||"Black House", Khaneqah Street, Tehran|
The National Socialist Workers Party of Iran (Persian: حزب سوسیالیست ملی کارگران ایران, translit. Ḥezb-e Sosīālīst-e Mellī-e Kārgarān-e Īrān), better known by its abbreviation SUMKA (Persian: سومکا), was a neo-Nazi party in Iran.
The party was formed in 1952 by Davud Monshizadeh and had a minor support base in Iranian universities. Critics of the late Reza Pahlavi allege that he and some Iranian Georgians provided direct funding to the SUMKA at one point.
The SUMKA briefly attracted the support of young nationalists in Iran, including Dariush Homayoon, an early member who would later rise to prominence in the country. Monshizadeh was supposedly somewhat of a Hitler worshipper, and was fond of the appearance and practices of the Nazi Party, such as their militarism and salute. He also allegedly attempted to replicate Hitler's physical appearance. On this basis, the SUMKA adopted the swastika and black shirt as part of their uniforms.
They were firmly opposed to the rule of Mohammed Mossadegh during their brief period of influence, and the party worked alongside Fazlollah Zahedi in his opposition to Mossadegh. In 1953 they were part of a large group of Zahedi supporters who marched towards the palace of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi demanding the ousting of Mossadegh. The party would become associated with street violence against the supporters of Mossadegh and the Tudeh Party.
The party had an "assault group" (guruhe hamle) with an estimated size of 100 members that openly attacked members of the communist Tudeh Party of Iran and the Soviet Cultural Center and Hungarian Trade Office in Tehran. Colonel Fateh, a retired officer of the Imperial Iranian Air Force, was responsible for training the unit.
Colonel Fateh was the official patron of the SUMKA. After the 1953 Iranian coup d'état, the party received a monthly stipend of 2,500 Iranian rial from the police and other security authorities. In 1958, Monshizadeh received $7,000 from SAVAK to go to the United States. The party was also possibly financed by foreign embassies based in Iran. In April 1952, Iranian police reported that Monshizadeh was seeking to establish ties with the British embassy to get financial support. It was allegedly funded by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) through TPBEDAMN.
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