June 14, 1957
Green Bay, Wisconsin, U.S.
|Education||University of California, Berkeley (BA)|
Columbia University (MFA)
(m. 1993; div. 2012)
|Relatives||Steve Jobs (brother)|
Lisa Brennan-Jobs (niece)
Mona Simpson (née Jandali; June 14, 1957) is an American novelist. She has written six novels and studied English at the University of California, Berkeley and Languages and Literature at Columbia University. She won a Whiting Award for her first novel, Anywhere but Here (1986). It was a popular success and adapted as a film by the same name, released in 1999. She wrote a sequel, The Lost Father (1992). Critical recognition has included the Chicago Tribune Heartland Prize and making the shortlist for the PEN/Faulkner Award for her novel Off Keck Road (2000). Simpson is the younger sister of the late Apple co-founder Steve Jobs. Simpson was born after her parents had married and did not meet Jobs, who was placed for adoption after he was born, until she was 25 years old.
Simpson's novels are fictional and drawn from life experiences. Her first novel, Anywhere But Here (1986), was a critical and popular success, winning a Whiting Award. In describing her intentions for the novel, Simpson stated:
I wanted to write about American mythologies, American yearnings that might be responses, delayed or exaggerated but in some way typical, to the political and social truths of our part of the world in our century. But I wrote very personally about one family. I think it takes a long time before a crisis—like AIDS—enters the culture to a point where responses exist in a character, where personal gestures are both individual and resonant in a larger way.
A Regular Guy (1996) explores the strained relationship of a Silicon Valley tycoon with a daughter born out of wedlock, whom he did not acknowledge. Off Keck Road (2000), portraying decades in the lives of three women in the Midwest, was a finalist for the PEN/Faulkner Award and won the Chicago Tribune Heartland Prize. Stacey D'Erasmo said, "'Off Keck Road' marks the place where origin leaves off and improvisation begins". My Hollywood was published in 2011. It explores the complex relationships, issues of class, and perspectives of two women, Claire, a European-American composer in her 30s and mother of one son, and Lola, her immigrant nanny from the Philippines. The nanny supports her own five children in the Philippines. The novel alternates between the voices of the two women, contrasting their worlds. Liesl Schillinger suggests that the novel is a "compassionate fictional exploration of this complicated global relationship, Simpson assesses the human cost that the child-care bargain exacts on the amah, on her employer and on the children of both."
Ron Charles says:
What really invigorates this novel, though, is the way it alternates between Claire's chapters and chapters narrated by Lola, her 50-year-old Filipino nanny. I was worried early on that Lola would be a Southeast Asian version of the Magical Negro, who exists merely to help some self-absorbed white person reach enlightenment. But she's entirely her own wonderful, troubled character, and her relationship with Claire remains complex and unresolved.
Education and teaching
Simpson was a good student as a child but was also "a clown" and "a smart aleck" who used to make jokes in class. I did get in trouble a lot when I was older and then I didn't like school so much anymore." She attended Beverly Hills High School and received a scholarship to attend University of California, Berkeley where she studied poetry:"I stuck with poetry as long as I could — as far as my talent would take me." After she finished her B.A. at Berkeley, she worked at a job during the days and worked as a journalist during the nights and on the weekends. She enjoyed journalism and hoped for a position with the Richmond Independent Gazette but did not receive it. She then attended graduate school at Columbia University and received her M.F.A from there. While a student at Columbia University, she was an editor for Paris Review.
In 1994, Simpson returned to Los Angeles area with her then-husband, Richard Appel. In 2001, Simpson started teaching creative writing at UCLA; she also has an appointment at Bard College in New York state.
Mona Jandali was born June 14, 1957 in Green Bay, Wisconsin to an Arab father from Syria and a Swiss-German American mother. Her mother, Joanne Carole Schieble, was born August 1, 1932, and grew up Roman Catholic on a farm in Wisconsin. Her father, Abdulfattah "John" (al-)Jandali (Arabic: عبد الفتاح الجندلي), was born in Homs, Syria, on March 15, 1931. He is the son of a self-made millionaire who had no higher education and a mother who was a traditional housewife. Jandali was a student activist (and spent time in jail) while an undergraduate at the American University of Beirut. Although he initially wanted to study law, he eventually decided to study economics and political science, and pursued a Ph.D. in Political Science at the University of Wisconsin. It was there that he met Schieble (Jandali was Schieble's teacher although both were the same age).
Simpson notes that Schieble's parents were not happy with the relationship: "it wasn't that he was Middle-Eastern so much as that he was a Muslim. But there are a lot of Arabs in Michigan and Wisconsin. So it's not that unusual." Walter Isaacson, Steve Jobs' official biographer additionally states that Schieble's father "threatened to cut Joanne off completely" if she continued the relationship. Regardless, while Jandali and Schieble were still unmarried students at the University of Wisconsin in 1954, she became pregnant after spending the summer with him and his family in Homs, Syria. Given her parents' resistance to the relationship, Schieble decided to give the baby up for adoption. She traveled alone to San Francisco to work with a doctor who cared for unwed mothers and gave birth to a baby boy in 1955 (who was eventually adopted by a couple in San Francisco). He would grow up to be Apple Inc. co-founder, Steve Jobs. Six months after she gave the baby up for adoption, Schieble's father died. She then wed Jandali and gave birth to Mona.
Jandali states that after finishing his Ph.D., he returned to Syria to work and that it was during this period that Schieble left him. They divorced in 1962. He also states that after the divorce, he lost contact with his daughter for a period of time: "I also bear the responsibility for being away from my daughter when she was four years old, as her mother divorced me when I went to Syria, but we got back in touch after 10 years. We lost touch again when her mother moved and I didn't know where she was, but since 10 years ago we've been in constant contact and I see her three times a year. I organized a trip for her last year to visit Syria and Lebanon and she went with a relative from Florida." A few years later, Schieble married an ice skating teacher, George Simpson. Mona Jandali took her stepfather's last name, thus becoming Mona Simpson. In 1970, after they divorced, Schieble took Mona to Los Angeles and raised her on her own.
After Jobs' adoptive mother, Clara, died of lung cancer in 1986, he met with Schieble (whom he had already found through an extensive search) for the first time. He then discovered that not only was Simpson his sister but that she also had no idea an older brother had been given up for adoption. Schieble then arranged for Jobs and Simpson to meet in New York where Simpson worked. She states that her first impression of Jobs was that "he was totally straightforward and lovely, just a normal and sweet guy." Simpson and Jobs then went for a long walk in order to get to know each other. Jobs later told his biographer that "Mona was not completely thrilled at first to have me in her life and have her mother so emotionally affectionate toward me...as we got to know each other, we became really good friends and she is my family. I don't know what I'd do without her. I can't imagine a better sister. My adopted sister, Patty, and I were never close."
Jobs told his official biographer that after meeting Simpson, he wanted to become involved in her ongoing search for their father. When Jandali was found working in Sacramento, Jobs decided that only Simpson would meet him. Jandali and Simpson spoke for several hours at which point he told her that he had left teaching to join the restaurant business. He also said that he and Schieble had given another child away for adoption but that "we'll never see that baby again. That baby's gone." (Simpson did not mention that she had met Jobs). Jandali further told Simpson that he once managed a Mediterranean restaurant near San Jose and that "all of the successful technology people used to come there. Even Steve Jobs... oh yeah, he used to come in, and he was a sweet guy, and a big tipper." After hearing about the visit, Jobs recalled that "it was amazing... I had been to that restaurant a few times and I remember meeting the owner. He was Syrian. Balding. We shook hands." However, Jobs did not want to meet Jandali because "I was a wealthy man by then, and I didn't trust him not to try to blackmail me or go to the press about it... I asked Mona not to tell him about me." Jandali later discovered his relationship to Jobs through an online blog. He then contacted Simpson and asked "what is this thing about Steve Jobs?" Simpson told him that it was true and later commented, "My father is thoughtful and a beautiful storyteller, but he is very, very passive... he never contacted Steve." Because Simpson, herself, researched her Syrian roots and began to meet members of the family, she assumed that Jobs would eventually want to meet their father, but he never did. Simpson fictionalized the search for their father in the 1992 novel, The Lost Father. She would also create a fictional portrait of Jobs in the 1996 novel, A Regular Guy.
Simpson married the television writer and producer Richard Appel in 1993 and had two children, Gabriel and Grace. Appel, a writer for The Simpsons, named the character Mona Simpson after his wife, beginning with the episode "Mother Simpson." They later divorced. Simpson's paternal cousins include Malek Jandali and Bassma Al Jandaly.
- 1986, Whiting Award
- 1987, Hodder Fellowship (Princeton University)
- 1988, Guggenheim Fellowship
- 1995, Lila Wallace Reader's Digest Fellowship
- 2001, Chicago Tribune Heartland Prize
- 2001, Finalist: PEN/Faulkner award
- 2008, Literature Award from the American Academy of Arts and Letters
- Anywhere But Here (1986) ISBN 0-394-55283-0
- The Lost Father (1992) ISBN 0-394-58916-5
- A Regular Guy (1996) ISBN 0-679-45091-2
- Off Keck Road (2000) 'P77) ISBN 0-375-41010-4
- My Hollywood (2010) ISBN 978-0-307-27352-9
- Casebook (2014) ISBN 9780345807281
- "Approximations". Ploughshares (9:4). Winter 1983. (JSTOR login required)
- "Lawns". The Iowa Review (14:3). Fall 1984. (Free to read/download under creative commons license)
- "Lonnie Tishman". Ploughshares (12:4). Winter 1986. (JSTOR login required)
- "Victory Mills". Granta (24 (Inside Intelligence)). Summer 1988. (Subscription Required)
- "Ramadan". Granta (37 (The Family Fiction)). Autumn 1991. (Subscription Required)
- "Van Castle". Ploughshares (18:2/3). Fall 1992. (JSTOR login required)
- "The Driving Child". Granta (54 (Best of Young American Novelists)). Summer 1996. (Subscription Required)
- "Unidealized, Twenty-Eight". Ploughshares (24:2/3). Fall 1998. (JSTOR login required)
- "Holiday". Granta (128 (American Wild)). Autumn 2014. (Subscription Required)
- Meer, Ameena (Summer 1987). "Artists in Conversation: Mona Simpson". Bomb, Issue 20. Retrieved 2015-07-07.
- "Mona Simpson". Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- Soderburg, Wendy (August 5, 2010). "UCLA author's latest novel: A young mother, her nanny and hard choices". UCLA Today. Archived from the original on October 23, 2017. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
- "BARD COLLEGE:FACULTY BIOGRAPHY-MONA SIMPSON". Bard College. Archived from the original on July 2, 2015. Retrieved July 7, 2015.
- Simpson, Mona (October 30, 2011). "A Sister's Eulogy for Steve Jobs". The New York Times. Retrieved October 30, 2011.
- Lisa Brennan-Jobs, "Driving Jane", originally published in The Harvard Advocate, Spring 1999], hosted at Lisa Brennan-Jobs' official website
- Lohr, Steve (January 12, 1997). "Creating Jobs". The New York Times. Retrieved October 27, 2007.
- Meer, Ameena. "Mona Simpson Interview", BOMB Magazine, Summer 1987. Retrieved May 17, 2013.
- "Author Spotlight: Mona Simpson". Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- Stacey D'Erasmo, "Life Is What Happens to Other People", The New York Times, 12 November 2000, accessed 24 October 2011
- Liesl Schillinger, Review: "For Love and Money", The New York Times, 8 August 2010, accessed 24 October 2011
- "Book World: Mona Simpson's "My Hollywood," reviewed by Ron Charles", The Washington Post, 18 August 2010, accessed 24 October 2011
- Isaacson, Walter (2011). Steve Jobs. Simon & Schuster. p. ebook.
- "The 'father of invention'". Saudi Gazette. January 18, 2011. Archived from the original on July 1, 2015. Retrieved 2015-06-27.
- Burciu, Andrea (2010-03-11). "Author Mona Simpson reads from newest novel on campus". The Hofstra Chronicle. Archived from the original on 2011-07-12. Retrieved 2010-03-12.
- Charles R. Loebbaka (2009-05-05). "Noted English Scholar, Author Alfred Appel Dies at Age 75". Northwestern University. Retrieved 2010-02-13.
- Appel, Richard (2005). The Simpsons season 6 DVD commentary for the episode "Mother Simpson" (DVD). 20th Century Fox.
- "About Mona Simpson". Retrieved 4 April 2017.
- "Mona Simpson". Retrieved 4 April 2017.
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