Money (That's What I Want)
|"Money (That's What I Want)"|
|Single by Barrett Strong|
|B-side||"Oh I Apologize"|
|Genre||Rhythm and blues|
|Barrett Strong singles chronology|
"Money (That's What I Want)" is a rhythm and blues song written by Tamla founder Berry Gordy and Janie Bradford, which was the first hit record for Gordy's Motown enterprise. Barrett Strong recorded it in 1959 as a single for the Tamla label, distributed nationally on Anna Records. Many artists later recorded the tune, including the Beatles in 1963 and the Flying Lizards in 1979.
Composition and recording
The song developed out of a spontaneous recording session at the Hitsville studio A in Detroit. Gordy and Strong began by improvising on piano and vocals and were joined by Benny Benjamin on drums and Brian Holland on tambourine. Authors Jim Cogan and William Clark only identify the guitarist and bass guitarist as "two white kids walking home from high school [who] heard the music out on the street and wandered in to Hitsville [and] asked if they could play along." They add "Strong claimed he never saw the two boys who played bass and guitar again." However, the guitarist has also been identified as Eugene Grew, who claimed that Barrett showed him what to play.
Barrett begins with a bluesy piano riff, with the rest of the instruments gradually falling in. The figure is a key element of the song and is repeated throughout the piece by the piano, bass guitar and guitar, with background vocals by the Rayber Voices. Author Nick Talevski calls the song an "R&B classic" and it is identified as having a "Detroit R&B sound" by Mark Lewisohn. Music journalist Charles Shaar Murray describes "Money" as "one of the earliest Motown classics from the days when the label left some of R&B's rough edges in place."
The song was originally recorded by Barrett Strong and released on Tamla in August 1959. Anna Records was operated by Gwen Gordy, Anna Gordy and Roquel "Billy" Davis. Gwen and Anna's brother Berry Gordy had just established his Tamla label (soon Motown would follow) and licensed the song to the Anna label in 1960, which was distributed nationwide by Chicago-based Chess Records in order to meet demand; the Tamla record was a resounding success in the Midwestern United States.
In the US, the single became Motown's first hit in June 1960, making it to number two on the Hot R&B Sides chart and number 23 on the Billboard Hot 100. The song was listed as number 288 on Rolling Stone's "The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time". Greil Marcus has pointed out that "Money" was the only song that brought Strong's name near the top of the national music charts, "but that one time has kept him on the radio all his life."
Writing credits dispute
Singer Barrett Strong claims that he co-wrote the song with Berry Gordy and Janie Bradford. His name was removed from the copyright registration three years after the song was written, restored in 1987 when the copyright was renewed, and then excised again the following year. Gordy has stated that Strong's name was only included because of a clerical error.
The Beatles version
This section needs additional citations for verification. (July 2020)
|"Money (That's What I Want)"|
|Song by the Beatles|
|Recorded||July 18, 1963|
|Genre||Rock and roll|
19 seconds with refrain
The Beatles recorded "Money" in seven takes on July 18, 1963, with their usual lineup. A series of piano overdubs was later added by producer George Martin. The song was released in November 1963 as the final track on their second UK album, With the Beatles.
According to George Harrison, the group discovered Strong's version in Brian Epstein's NEMS record store (though not a hit in the UK, it had been issued on London Records in 1960). They had previously performed it during their audition at Decca Records on January 1, 1962, with Pete Best still on drums at the time. They also recorded it six times for BBC radio. A live version, taped at a concert date in Stockholm, Sweden, in October 1963, was included on Anthology 1.
- John Lennon : vocals, rhythm guitar
- Paul McCartney : backing vocals, bass
- George Harrison : backing vocals, lead guitar
- Ringo Starr : drums
- George Martin : piano
The Flying Lizards version
|Single by the Flying Lizards|
|from the album The Flying Lizards|
|Released||July 13, 1979|
|The Flying Lizards singles chronology|
In July 1979, the British band the Flying Lizards released a new wave version of the song, as a single and on their first album The Flying Lizards. An unexpected hit, this version peaked at number 5 in the UK chart and at number 50 on the Billboard Hot 100. It also peaked at number 22 on the US dance charts.
|Australia (Kent Music Report)||11|
|Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)||23|
|Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)||28|
|Canada Top Singles (RPM)||7|
|Netherlands (Dutch Top 40)||33|
|Netherlands (Single Top 100)||37|
|New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)||5|
|UK Singles (OCC)||5|
|US Billboard Hot 100||50|
|US Billboard Hot Dance Club Play||22|
|US Cash Box||34|
|Australia (Kent Music Report)||71|
|Canada (RPM Top Singles)||59|
|New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)||32|
The song has been covered by many artists, with several of the versions appearing in a variety of charts. In 1964, a single by the Kingsmen reached no. 16 on the Billboard Hot 100 and No. 6 on the US R&B charts in 1964, A version by Jennell Hawkins reached No. 17 in the R&B charts in 1962. Jr. Walker & the All Stars reached No. 52 on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1966, and Bern Elliott and the Fenmen reached No. 14 on the UK Singles Chart in November 1963. The song was also a staple for British beat bands.
- Cogan, Jim; Clark, William (2003). Temples of Sound: Inside the Great Recording Studios. San Francisco, California: Chronicle Books.
- Rohter, Larry (August 31, 2013). "For a Classic Motown Song About Money, Credit Is What He Wants". The New York Times. Retrieved September 3, 2013.
- Talevski, Nick (2006). Rock Obituaries: Knocking On Heaven's Door. Voyageur Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-76034-546-7.
- Lewisohn, Mark (2013). Tune In: The Beatles: All These Years. Crown/Archetype. p. 540. ISBN 978-0-80413-934-2.
- Murray, Charles Shaar (2013). Boogie Man: The Adventures of John Lee Hooker in the American Twentieth Century. St. Martin's Griffin. p. 225. ISBN 978-1-46685-236-5.
- The Complete Motown Singles Vol. 1: 1959-61 (CD liner notes). New York: Hip-O Select/Motown/Universal Records.
- Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942–2004. Record Research. p. 554.
- Marcus, Greil (2015). The History of Rock 'n' Roll in Ten Songs. New Haven: Yale University Press. p. 169.
- Delisi, Ann (February 20, 2016). "Interview: Barrett Strong Talks About the Early Days of Motown". WDET-FM. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
- Wyman, Bill (June 7, 2017). "All 213 Beatles Songs, Ranked From Worst to Best". Vulture. Retrieved January 26, 2018.
- Time Out London Music (May 24, 2018). "The 50 Best Beatles songs". Time Out London. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
- "Money (That's What I Want)". The Beatles Bible. March 16, 2008. Retrieved August 19, 2020.
- Stannard, Neville (1982). The Beatles: The Long & Winding Road, A History of the Beatles on Record. New York: Avon Books. pp. 19, 21.
- Cateforis, Theo (2011). Are We Not New Wave? : Modern Pop at the Turn of the 1980s. University of Michigan Press. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-472-03470-3.
- Howe, Brian (18 September 2020). "David Toop: Apparition Paintings Album Review". Pitchfork. Retrieved 24 September 2020.
- Deming, Mark. "The Flying Lizards – Artist Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- "Forum – ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts – CHART POSITIONS PRE 1989". Australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- "Austriancharts.at – The Flying Lizards – Money" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- "Ultratop.be – The Flying Lizards – Money" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- "Top RPM Singles: Issue 0141a." RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- "InfoDisc : Tous les Titres par Artiste" (in French). InfoDisc. Select "Flying Lizards" from the artist drop-down menu. Archived from the original on September 20, 2013. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – The Flying Lizards - Money" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – The Flying Lizards – Money" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- "Charts.nz – The Flying Lizards – Money". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- "The Flying Lizards – Awards". AllMusic. All Media Network. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- "CASH BOX Top 100 Singles – Week ending FEBRUARY 2, 1980". Archived from the original on September 13, 2012.. Cash Box.
- "Forum – ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts – Top 100 End of Year AMR Charts – 1980s". Australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- "Top Singles – Volume 34, No. 6, December 20, 1980". RPM. Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
- "End of Year Charts 1980". Recorded Music New Zealand. Retrieved January 3, 2016.
- Eder, Bruce. "The Kingsmen – The Best of the Kingsmen [Rhino]". AllMusic. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
- Whitburn, Joel (2006). The Billboard Book of Top 40 R&B and Hip Hop Hits. New York: Billboard Books. p. 322. ISBN 0-8230-8283-0.
- Whitburn, Joel (2006). The Billboard Book of Top 40 R&B and Hip Hop Hits. New York: Billboard Books. ISBN 0-8230-8283-0.
- "Junior Walker – Money". AllMusic. Retrieved 15 June 2021.
- "Bern Elliott & the Fenmen". Official Charts Company. Retrieved January 9, 2016.
- Leigh, Spencer (2015). Best of the Beatles: The Sacking of Pete Best. McNidder and Grace Limited. ISBN 9780857161024.