View of Mount Rogers from Pine Mountain
|Elevation||5,729 ft (1,746 m) |
|Prominence||2,449 ft (746 m) |
|Listing||U.S. state high point 19th|
|Location||Grayson / Smyth counties, Virginia, United States|
|Parent range||Blue Ridge Mountains|
|Topo map||USGS Whitetop Mountain|
|Easiest route||Hike via Appalachian Trail spur|
Mount Rogers is the highest natural point in the Commonwealth of Virginia, United States, with a summit elevation of 5,729 feet (1,746 m) above mean sea level. The summit straddles the border of Grayson and Smyth Counties, Virginia, about 6.45 miles (10.38 km) WSW of Troutdale, Virginia. Most of the mountain is contained within the Lewis Fork Wilderness, while the entire area is part of the Mount Rogers National Recreation Area, which itself is a part of the Jefferson National Forest.
The mountain is named for William Barton Rogers, a Virginian educated at the College of William & Mary, who taught at William & Mary and the University of Virginia, became Virginia's first State Geologist, and went on to found the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
The summit is most easily accessed from Grayson Highlands State Park by following the Appalachian Trail southbound for 3.5 miles (5.6 km) to a blue-blazed trail leading to the summit, which is covered by trees and marked with four National Geodetic Survey triangulation station disks; a standard station disk marked with an equilateral triangle and three standard reference disks marked with arrows pointing towards the station disk. One reference disk has been obscured by dense overgrowth. Because the Appalachian Trail passes within a half mile of the summit, the area is especially popular with hikers.
The Mount Rogers area contains a unique record of the geohistory of Virginia. There is evidence from the rocks that volcanoes were part of the landscape. Roughly 750 million years ago, rift-related (divergent) volcanoes erupted along the axis of what later became the Appalachians, and one remnant of that volcanic zone, with its volcanic rocks, still can be seen at Mount Rogers. Massive rhyolite lava flows erupted at the mountain during the Precambrian rifting event. Mount Rogers is also the only place in Virginia that preserves evidence of ancient Proterozoic glaciation.
Mount Rogers is the northernmost habitat of the high-altitude Southern Appalachian spruce-fir forests, which are found in only five other locations in the United States: the Great Smoky Mountains, the Black Mountains, the Great Balsam Mountains, Grandfather Mountain, and Roan Mountain. This forest type is one of the few remaining habitats of the Fraser fir, which is only found at high elevations, typically above 5,500 feet (1,700 m), in the southern Appalachian Mountains.
These forests have suffered recent declines due to infestations by the balsam woolly adelgid (Adelges piceae), a non-native insect that originated in Europe. It first infested Mount Rogers in 1962 and the entire U.S. population of Fraser firs suffered a 67% mortality rate since, although Mount Rogers was not affected as severely as other locations.
Some researchers have proposed that air pollution in the form of nitrogen and sulfur compounds originating from power plants has been a source of stress to the Fraser firs, resulting in an increased susceptibility to the balsam woolly adelgid, but this relationship has not been confirmed.
- List of U.S. states by elevation
- Mount Rogers National Recreation Area
- High Knob
- Reddish Knob
- Whitetop Mountain
- "Mount Rogers, Virginia". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 2008-04-20.
- "Mount Rogers". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2012-11-15.
- "Rogers Reset". NGS data sheet. U.S. National Geodetic Survey. Retrieved 2011-11-15.
- Potter, Kevin M., Frampton, John, and Sidebottom, Jill. "Impacts of balsam woolly adelgid on the southern Appalachian spruce-fir ecosystem and the North Carolina Christmas tree industry". Third Symposium on Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in the Eastern United States, 2005
- Newton, Leslie P., and Hain, Fred P. "Host interactions of the balsam woolly adelgid". Third Symposium on Hemlock Woolly Adelgid in the United States, 2005.