Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge
|Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge|
|Location||Bailey County, Texas|
|Nearest city||Muleshoe, Texas|
|Area||6,440 acres (26.1 km2)|
|Governing body||U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service|
Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge is a 6,440-acre (26.1 km2) wildlife refuge located about 20 mi (32 km) south of Muleshoe, Texas, on Texas State Highway 214. It is the oldest national wildlife refuge in Texas, having been established as the Muleshoe Migratory Waterfowl Refuge by executive order of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1935. Roosevelt issued a proclamation in 1940 to change the name to the Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge. In 1980, Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge was designated as a National Natural Landmark by the National Park Service.
The refuge is a stop for migratory waterfowl flying between Canada and Mexico. The refuge includes several intermittent salt lakes, some of which have been modified to extend their wet periods. Paul's Lake, on the east side of Highway 214, is spring-fed, and hosts wildlife during times when the other lakes are dry. If sufficient water is present during the winter, the refuge hosts tens of thousands of sandhill cranes. The largest number of cranes ever recorded was 250,000, during February, 1981.
Other wildlife includes wood warblers, meadowlarks, raptors, burrowing owls, black-tailed prairie dogs, jackrabbits, cottontail rabbits, coyotes, black-footed ferrets, spotted chorus frogs, and badgers.
- Grulla National Wildlife Refuge
- Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge
- Blackwater Draw
- Llano Estacado
- Lively, Jeanne F. "Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge". Handbook of Texas Online. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
- "Proclamation 2416". Wikisource. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
- "National Natural Landmarks - National Natural Landmarks (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov. Retrieved 2019-03-30.
Year designated: 1980
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge.|
- Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge Official Site
- Handbook of Texas Online: Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge
- Public domain images of the Llano Estacado