Nógrád County

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Nógrád County
Cserhát Mountains, north of Hollókő.JPG
Hollókő Castle, Hungary.jpgNógrádi várrom.jpg
Flag of Nógrád County
Flag
Coat of arms of Nógrád County
Coat of arms
Location of Nógrád County
Country Hungary
Region Northern Hungary
County seat Salgótarján
Government
 • President of the General Assembly Nándor Skuczi (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
 • Total 2,545.48 km2 (982.82 sq mi)
Area rank 18th in Hungary
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 202,427
 • Rank 19th in Hungary
 • Density 80/km2 (210/sq mi)
Postal code 2175 – 2179, 2610, 2611, 2616 – 2619, 264x – 269x, 304x – 31xx
Area code(s) (+36) 32, 35
ISO 3166 code HU-NO
Website www.nograd.hu

Nógrád (Slovak: Novohradská) is a county (Hungarian: megye) of Hungary.

Description[edit]

Nógrád county lies in northern Hungary. It shares borders with Slovakia and the Hungarian counties Pest, Heves and Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén. The capital of Nógrád county is Salgótarján. Its area is 2,544 km².

Nógrád is famous for its historic architecture of ancient Gothic churches and stone castles dated to the 13th century. Other historic landmark includes the baroque buildings constructed in the 18th century and the Vay, Teleki. Much of the northern border of the county is formed by the river Ipoly. The mountain ranges Börzsöny, Cserhát and Mátra lie partly in the county.

Due to the mountains, the county is characterised by small villages nestled in the valleys. The two largest settlements are Balassagyarmat, the former county seat, and Salgótarján, which has become a center of industry in the early 20th century due to coal mines nearby.

History[edit]

Nógrád (-Hungarian, in Latin: comitatus Neogradiensis, in German: Neuburg or Neograd, in Slovak: Novohrad) was also the name of a historic administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its territory is now in southern Slovakia and in northern present-day Hungary. The name Novohrad is still used in Slovakia as an informal designation of the corresponding territory. The name stems from the former Nógrád (Novohrad) castle in present-day Hungary.

Demographics[edit]

In 2015, it had a population of 195,923 and the population density was 77/km².

Year County population[1] Change
1949 214,757 n/a
1960 Increase 235,675 9.74%
1970 Decrease 234,430 -0.53%
1980 Increase 240,251 (record) 2.48%
1990 Decrease 227,137 -5.46%
2001 Decrease 220,261 -3.03%
2011 Decrease 202,427 -8.10%

Ethnicity[edit]

Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Roma (approx. 15,000), Slovaks (2,500) and Germans (1,000).

Total population (2011 census): 202,427
Ethnic groups (2011 census):[2] Identified themselves: 192 438 persons:

Approx. 26,000 persons in Nógrád County did not declare their ethnic group at the 2011 census.

Religion[edit]

Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census:[3]

Regional structure[edit]

District of Nógrád County
English and
Hungarian names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(pop./km²)
Seat № of
municipalities
1 Balassagyarmat District
Balassagyarmati járás
532.94 40,326 76 Balassagyarmat 29
2 Bátonyterenye District
Bátonyterenyei járás
215.45 21,789 101 Bátonyterenye 8
3 Pásztó District
Pásztói járás
551.56 31,729 58 Pásztó 26
4 Rétság District
Rétsági járás
435.03 24,395 56 Rétság 25
5 Salgótarján District
Salgótarjáni járás
525.23 64,601 123 Salgótarján 29
6 Szécsény District
Szécsényi járás
285.26 19,587 69 Szécsény 14
Nógrád County 2,545.48 202,427 80 Salgótarján 131

Politics[edit]

The regional legislature is the General Assembly.

The Nógrád County Council, elected at the 2014 local government elections, is made up of 15 counselors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 9                  
  Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) 3                
  Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) 2                  
  Democratic Coalition (DK) 1                  

Presidents of the General Assembly[5][edit]

Ferenc Korill (SZDSZ) 1990–1994
Sándor Smitnya (SZDSZ) 1994–1998
Zsolt Becsó (Fidesz) 1998–2002
Ottó Dóra (MSZP) 2002–2006
Zsolt Becsó (Fidesz); - II. 2006–2014
Nándor Skuczi (Fidesz) 2014–

Municipalities[edit]

City with county rights[edit]

Towns[edit]

(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)

Villages[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ népesség.com, "Nógrád megye népessége 1870-2015"
  2. ^ 1.1.6. A népesség anyanyelv, nemzetiség és nemek szerint – Frissítve: 2013.04.17.; Hungarian Central Statistical Office (Hungarian)
  3. ^ 2011. ÉVI NÉPSZÁMLÁLÁS, 3. Területi adatok, 3.13 Nógrád megye, (Hungarian) [1]
  4. ^ A Közgyűlés képviselői, (Hungarian) [2]
  5. ^ General Assembly website

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 48°00′N 19°34′E / 48.00°N 19.57°E / 48.00; 19.57