Pest County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Pest County
Pest megye
Counties of Hungary
Börzsöny
Landscapes of Vác Landscapes of Kemence
Descending, from top: the Börzsöny Mountain in Nagybörzsöny village, landscapes of Vác, and landscapes of Kemence
Flag of Pest County
Flag
Coat of arms of Pest County
Coat of arms
Location of Pest County
Country Hungary
Region Central Hungary
County seat Budapest
Government
 • President of the General Assembly István Szabó (Fidesz-KDNP)
Area
 • Total 6,393.14 km2 (2,468.41 sq mi)
Area rank 3rd in Hungary
Population (2011 census)
 • Total 1,217,476
 • Rank 1st in Hungary
 • Density 190/km2 (490/sq mi)
Postal code 20xx – 23xx, 2440, 2461, 260x – 263x,
2680 – 2683, 27xx
Area code(s) (+36) 23, 24, 26, 27, 28, 29, 53
ISO 3166 code HU-PE
Website www.pestmegye.hu

Pest (Hungarian: Pest megye, pronounced [ˈpɛʃt]; German: Komitat Pest) is a county (megye) in central Hungary. It covers an area of 6,393.14 square kilometres (2,468.41 sq mi), and has a population of 1,213,090 (2009). It surrounds the national capital Budapest and the majority of the county's population (65.2%/790,995 in 2009) live in the suburbs of Budapest. It shares borders with Slovakia and the Hungarian counties Nógrád, Heves, Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok, Bács-Kiskun, Fejér, and Komárom-Esztergom. The River Danube flows through the county. The capital of Pest County is Budapest (administratively separate), but it is planned to completely separate the capital from the county at least until 2020, as it loses catch-up aids from the European Union because of the high development of Budapest.

History[edit]

The present county Pest was formed after World War II, when the former county Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun was split in two parts (the other part is within present-day Bács-Kiskun). Pest County also existed in the early days of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary (11th century). Its territory comprised approximately the north-eastern part of present Pest County. It was combined with adjacent Pilis county before the 15th century. More information can be found at the entry of former Pest-Pilis-Solt-Kiskun county.

Demographics[edit]

Circle frame.svg

Religion in Pest County (2011 census)

  Catholic Church (35.8%)
  Calvinism (11.1%)
  Lutheranism (2.7%)
  Orthodoxy (0.1%)
  Judaism (0.1%)
  Other religions (2.2%)
  Non-religious (16.5%)
  Atheists (1.6%)
  Undeclared (29.1%)

In 2015, it had a population of 1,226,115 and the population density was 192/km².

Year County population[1] Change
1949 686,953 n/a
1960 Increase 781,501 13.76%
1970 Increase 878,644 12.43%
1980 Increase 973,830 10.83%
1990 Decrease 949,842 -2.46%
2001 Increase 1,083,877 14.11%
2011 Increase 1,217,476 (record) 12.37%

Ethnicity[edit]

Besides the Hungarian majority, the main minorities are the Germans (approx. 25,000), Roma (20,000), Slovaks (6,000), Romanians (4,000) and Serbs (1,500).

Total population (2011 census): 1,217,476
Ethnic groups (2011 census):[2] Identified themselves: 1,090,882 persons:

Approx. 178,000 persons in Pest County did not declare their ethnic group at the 2011 census.

Religion[edit]

Religious adherence in the county according to 2011 census:[3]

Regional structure[edit]

District of Pest County
English and
Hungarian names
Area
(km²)
Population
(2011)
Density
(pop./km²)
Seat № of
municipalities
1 Aszód District
Aszódi járás
298.37 37,472 126 Aszód 11
2 Budakeszi District
Budakeszi járás
288.95 83,670 290 Budakeszi 12
3 Cegléd District
Ceglédi járás
886.30 88,952 100 Cegléd 12
4 Dabas District
Dabasi járás
614.23 48,289 79 Dabas 11
5 Dunakeszi District
Dunakeszi járás
103.08 78,634 763 Dunakeszi 4
6 Érd District
Érdi járás
184.29 116,510 632 Érd 7
7 Gödöllő District
Gödöllői járás
449.66 139,826 311 Gödöllő 15
8 Gyál District
Gyáli járás
170.99 40,853 239 Gyál 4
9 Monor District
Monori járás
329.81 64,016 194 Monor 12
10 Nagykáta District
Nagykátai járás
710.12 73,959 104 Nagykáta 15
11 Nagykőrös District
Nagykőrösi járás
349.25 27,977 80 Nagykőrös 3
12 Pilisvörösvár District
Pilisvörösvári járás
130.81 53,201 407 Pilisvörösvár 9
13 Ráckeve District
Ráckevei járás
417.05 35,732 86 Ráckeve 11
14 Szentendre District
Szentendrei járás
326.58 77,802 238 Szentendre 13
15 Szigetszentmiklós District
Szigetszentmiklósi járás
211.28 110,448 523 Szigetszentmiklós 9
16 Szob District
Szobi járás
438.32 24,875 57 Szob 17
17 Vác District
Váci járás
362.19 68,234 188 Vác 18
18 Vecsés District
Vecsési járás
119.74 47,026 393 Vecsés 4
Pest County 6,393.14 1,217,476 192 Budapest 187

Politics[edit]

The Pest County Council, elected at the 2014 local government elections, is made up of 43 counselors, with the following party composition:[4]

    Party Seats Current County Assembly
  Fidesz-KDNP 23                                              
  Movement for a Better Hungary (Jobbik) 8                                              
  Hungarian Socialist Party (MSZP) 5                                              
  Democratic Coalition (DK) 4                                              
  Politics Can Be Different (LMP) 3                                            

Municipalities[edit]

City with county rights[edit]

  • Érd – 63,631 (as of 2011)

Towns[edit]

(ordered by population, as of 2011 census)

Villages[edit]

Red pog.svg municipalities are large villages.

Gallery[edit]

International relations[edit]

Pest County has a partnership relationship with:[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ népesség.com, "Pest megye népessége 1870-2015"
  2. ^ 1.1.6. A népesség anyanyelv, nemzetiség és nemek szerint – Frissítve: 2013.04.17.; Hungarian Central Statistical Office (in Hungarian)
  3. ^ 2011. ÉVI NÉPSZÁMLÁLÁS, 3. Területi adatok, 3.14 Pest megye, (in Hungarian) [1]
  4. ^ Pest Megye Közgyűlésének összetétele, (in Hungarian) [2]
  5. ^ Külkapcsolatok (Pest megye)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°25′N 19°20′E / 47.417°N 19.333°E / 47.417; 19.333