City with county rights

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A city with county rights (or urban county, Hungarian: megyei jogú város) is a level of administrative subdivision in Hungary. Since 1994 all county seats are automatically awarded this status, and since 2012 this is the only way a new city may become a city with county rights. However, all cities that achieved this rank before 2012 have retained their status and there is no law that provides for the revocation of this title. As such, cities like Hódmezővásárhely or Dunaújváros that are not county seats are still cities with county rights. Since 2006, there are 23 cities with county rights.[1] Before 1950, the former so-called cities with municipal rights (törvényhatósági jogú város) had a similar status as the present urban counties.

Budapest is not considered an urban county and has a special status among the other Hungarian cities.

Every city with county rights is allowed to be subdivised into districts. The representative body is the General Assembly (közgyűlés) which elects with the County Assembly a council that takes care of different tasks related to the county.[2]

History[edit]

Between 1954 and 1971, the four largest regional cities received the megyei jogú város title. These were Debrecen, Miskolc, Pécs and Szeged. Then, from 1971 to 1990, the four previous cities and Győr were granted a new status known as "county city" (megyei város). This status was also extended to three other cities in 1989: Salgótarján, Nyíregyháza and Kecskemét. After the end of Communism, this status was abolished and replaced by the urban counties as before 1971. The eight megyei város and twelve additional cities became megyei jogú város.

List[edit]

Coats
of arms
City County Population
(2013)
Urban county
since
Blason ville hu BÉKÉSCSABA.svg Békéscsaba FLAG-Békés-megye.svg Békés 61 046 Decrease 1990
Blason ville hu DEBRECEN.svg Debrecen FLAG-Hajdú-Bihar-megye.svg Hajdú-Bihar 204 333 Decrease 1990
Blason ville hu DUNAÚJVÁROS.svg Dunaújváros FLAG-Fejér-megye.svg Fejér 46 813 Decrease 1990
Blason ville hu EGER.svg Eger FLAG-Heves-megye.svg Heves 54 867 Decrease 1990
Blason ville hu ÉRD.svg Érd FLAG-Pest-megye.svg Pest 63 333 Increase 2006
Blason ville hu GYŐR.svg Győr FLAG-Gyor-Moson-Sopron-megye.svg Győr-Moson-Sopron 128 567 Increase 1990
Blason ville hu HÓDMEZŐVÁSÁRHELY.svg Hódmezővásárhely FLAG-Csongrad-megye.svg Csongrád 45 700 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-kaposvar.svg Kaposvár FLAG-Somogy-megye.svg Somogy 65 337 Decrease 1990
Blason ville hu KECSKEMÉT.svg Kecskemét FLAG-Bacs-Kiskun-megye.svg Bács-Kiskun 111 863 Increase 1990
Blason ville hu MISKOLC.svg Miskolc FLAG-Borsod-Abauj-Zemplén-megye.svg Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén 162 905 Decrease 1990
Blason ville hu NAGYKANIZSA.svg Nagykanizsa FLAG-Zala-megye.svg Zala 49 070 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-nyiregyhaza.svg Nyíregyháza Flag-Szabolcs-Szatmar-Bereg-megye.svg Szabolcs-Szatmár-Bereg 118 185 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-pecs.svg Pécs FLAG-Baranya-megye.svg Baranya 147 719 Decrease 1990
Blason ville hu SALGÓTARJÁN.svg Salgótarján FLAG-Nograd.svg Nógrád 37 199 Decrease 1994
BlasonHU-sopron.svg Sopron FLAG-Gyor-Moson-Sopron-megye.svg Győr-Moson-Sopron 60 528 Increase 1990
Blason ville hu SZEGED.svg Szeged FLAG-Csongrad-megye.svg Csongrád 161 837 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-szekszard.svg Szekszárd FLAG-Tolna-megye.svg Tolna 33 599 Decrease 1994
BlasonHU-szekesfehervar.svg Székesfehérvár FLAG-Fejér-megye.svg Fejér 99 247 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-szolnok.svg Szolnok FLAG-Jasz-Nagykun-Szolnok.svg Jász-Nagykun-Szolnok 73 193 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-szombathely.svg Szombathely FLAG-Vas-megye.svg Vas 77 547 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-tatabanya.svg Tatabánya FLAG-Komárom-Esztergom-megye.svg Komárom-Esztergom 67 406 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-veszprem.svg Veszprém FLAG-Veszprém-megye.svg Veszprém 60 876 Decrease 1990
BlasonHU-zalaegerszeg.svg Zalaegerszeg FLAG-Zala-megye.svg Zala 59 618 Decrease 1990

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Cities with county rights – Central Bureau of Statistics" (PDF). ksh.hu. Retrieved 19 June 2014.
  2. ^ "2011/CLXXXIX. Legislation about the Local Councils in Hungary". njt.hu. Retrieved 19 June 2014.

External links[edit]