Central Hungary

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Central Hungary

Közép-Magyarország
Region
HU NUTS 24 KM.png
Country Hungary
Capital cityBudapest
Area
 • Total6,919 km2 (2,671 sq mi)
Population
 • Total2,897,317
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
NUTS codeHU1, HU10
HDI (2017)0.893[1]
very high · 1st
 -GDP Per capita(PPP, 2015)€31,100 (2017)[2]
Location of Central Hungary region within Hungary

Central Hungary (Hungarian: Közép-Magyarország) is one of the seven statistical regions in Hungary (NUTS 1 and NUTS 2). It includes Budapest (the capital of the region) and Pest County.

Administration[edit]

Central Hungary's subregions (population figures from the Hungarian Central Statistical Office as of 2009)

Budapest[edit]

Subregion Seat Area Population Number of
settlements
Budapest Budapest 525.16 km2 (202.77 sq mi) 1,712,210 1

Pest County[edit]

Subregion Seat Area Population Number of
settlements
Aszód Aszód 241.41 km2 (93.21 sq mi) 35,451 9
Budaörs Budaörs 240.36 km2 (92.80 sq mi) 85,115 10
Cegléd Cegléd 1,234.00 km2 (476.45 sq mi) 121,149 15
Dabas Dabas 498.68 km2 (192.54 sq mi) 44,183 10
Dunakeszi Dunakeszi 125.17 km2 (48.33 sq mi) 79,123 4
Érd Érd 117.95 km2 (45.54 sq mi) 99,536 4
Gödöllő Gödöllő 380.88 km2 (147.06 sq mi) 104,471 12
Gyál Gyál 286.54 km2 (110.63 sq mi) 45,944 5
Monor Monor 449.62 km2 (173.60 sq mi) 110,287 15
Nagykáta Nagykáta 711.85 km2 (274.85 sq mi) 76,909 16
Pilisvörösvár Pilisvörösvár 245.44 km2 (94.76 sq mi) 66,702 14
Ráckeve Ráckeve 628.33 km2 (242.60 sq mi) 141,756 20
Szentendre Szentendre 326.58 km2 (126.09 sq mi) 77,676 13
Szob Szob 314.73 km2 (121.52 sq mi) 12,605 13
Vác Vác 431.81 km2 (166.72 sq mi) 70,558 19
Veresegyház Veresegyház 159.79 km2 (61.70 sq mi) 36,793 8

Demography[edit]

  • Total population 2,925,500 (2009)
    • 14% aged 0–14 years
    • 69% aged 15–64 years
    • 17% aged 65 and over [3]

Economy[edit]

Central Hungary is the richest and most developed region of the country. The unemployment rate stood at 2.7% in 2017 and was much lower than the national and the european average.[4]

Year 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
unemployment rate
(in %)
5.1% 4.8% 4.5% 6.5% 8.9% 9.0% 9.5% 8.7% 6.2% 5.3% 3.8% 2.7%

Tourism[edit]

Central Hungary is part of the Budapest Central Transdanubia Tourist Region.

Budapest[edit]

In 1987 a World Heritage Site was declared which includes Buda Castle, the Danube Riverbank, the Andrássy Avenue and its historic surroundings, the Millennium Underground Railway and Heroes' Square.

Other important landmarks in Buda are the Gellért Hill and the tomb of Gül Baba and Rudas Baths built during the Ottoman rule of Hungary, ruins of Old Buda, the Coliseum in Nagyszombat Street and the ruins of Aquincum. In the Buda Hills are the Chairlift, the Children's railway and caves with stalagmites and stalactites.

The most important landmarks in Pest are the Hungarian Parliament Building, the St. Stephen's Basilica, the Inner City Parish Church, the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, the Vigadó Concert Hall, the Hungarian National Museum, the New York Palace on the Small Boulevard, the Dohány Street Synagogue, the Grand Boulevard, and the Museum of Applied Arts.

Other important displays are at the Museum of Fine Arts, the Hungarian National Gallery, the Ethnographic Museum, the Budapest History Museum and Statue Park.

Important landmarks are Budapest's oldest bridges, such as the Széchenyi Chain Bridge, the Margaret Bridge, the Liberty Bridge. The biggest parks are very popular, especially the City Park with Vajdahunyad Castle, the Széchenyi thermal bath, the Budapest Zoo and Botanical Garden and the Margaret Island. Budapest is world-famous for its hot spas too.

Budapest holds many perennial events, for example Budapest Fair, Fireworks and Budapest Parade.

Pest County[edit]

Places of interest in Pest County are Gödöllő (Royal Castle and Arboretum), Ráckeve (Serbian cathedral and Savoya Castle), Szentendre (Baroque town square, Margit Kovács Museum, Ethnographic Open Air Museum), Vác (cathedral, triumphal arch) and Visegrád (Visegrád Castle).

Other landmarks are the church (built in the Middle Ages) in Zsámbék, the Reformed church of the Holy Roman Empire, the church in Fót in the Romantic style, Apaj plain, ancient juniper fields in Tatárszentgyörgy, equestrianism in Pusztavacs, Attila Rise in Tápiószentmárton, the arboretum in Vácrátót and the bear sanctuary in Veresegyház.

The Pilis Mountains offer plenty of opportunities for hiking. There are also the Visegrád Hills, Ördögmalom waterfall, Gödöllő National Park and Ócsa National Park.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  2. ^ Eurostat (26 February 2019). "GDP per capita in 281 EU regions in 2017". Europa web portal. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  3. ^ Hungarian Central Statistical Office, 2009.
  4. ^ "Regional Unemployment by NUTS2 Region". Eurostat.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°28′19″N 19°03′01″E / 47.47194°N 19.05028°E / 47.47194; 19.05028