NAD(P)H dehydrogenase (quinone)

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NAD(P)H dehydrogenase (quinone)
5f4b.jpg
NAD(P)H dehydrogenase (quinone) tetramer, Brucella abortus
Identifiers
EC number 1.6.5.2
CAS number 9032-20-6
Databases
IntEnz IntEnz view
BRENDA BRENDA entry
ExPASy NiceZyme view
KEGG KEGG entry
MetaCyc metabolic pathway
PRIAM profile
PDB structures RCSB PDB PDBe PDBsum
Gene Ontology AmiGO / EGO

In enzymology, a NAD(P)H dehydrogenase (quinone) (EC 1.6.5.2) is an enzyme that catalyzes the chemical reaction

NAD(P)H + H+ + a quinone NAD(P)+ + a hydroquinone

The 4 substrates of this enzyme are NADH, NADPH, H+, and quinone, whereas its 3 products are NAD+, NADP+, and hydroquinone.

This enzyme belongs to the family of oxidoreductases, specifically those acting on NADH or NADPH with a quinone or similar compound as acceptor. The systematic name of this enzyme class is NAD(P)H:quinone oxidoreductase. Other names in common use include menadione reductase, phylloquinone reductase, quinone reductase, dehydrogenase, reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (phosphate,, quinone), DT-diaphorase, flavoprotein NAD(P)H-quinone reductase, menadione oxidoreductase, NAD(P)H dehydrogenase, NAD(P)H menadione reductase, NAD(P)H-quinone dehydrogenase, NAD(P)H-quinone oxidoreductase, NAD(P)H: (quinone-acceptor)oxidoreductase, NAD(P)H: menadione oxidoreductase, NADH-menadione reductase, naphthoquinone reductase, p-benzoquinone reductase, reduced NAD(P)H dehydrogenase, viologen accepting pyridine nucleotide oxidoreductase, vitamin K reductase, diaphorase, reduced nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide (phosphate) dehydrogenase, vitamin-K reductase, NAD(P)H2 dehydrogenase (quinone), NQO1, QR1, and NAD(P)H:(quinone-acceptor) oxidoreductase. This enzyme participates in biosynthesis of steroids. It employs one cofactor, FAD. At least one compound, Dicumarol is known to inhibit this enzyme.

Structural studies[edit]

As of late 2007, only one structure has been solved for this class of enzymes, with the PDB accession code 2F1O.

References[edit]