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NGC 2 seen by the SDSS
Observation data (J2000 epoch)
Right ascension 00h 07m 17.1s[1]
Declination+27° 40′ 42″[1]
Helio radial velocity7559 km/s[1]
Galactocentric velocity7720 km/s[1]
Distance345 ± 24 Mly
(105.7 ± 7.4 Mpc)[2]
Apparent magnitude (V)+15.0[1]
Absolute magnitude (V)-22.58[1]
Apparent size (V)1′.0 × 0′.6[1]
Notable features-
Other designations
UGC 59, PGC 567, GC 6246 [1]
See also: Galaxy, List of galaxies

NGC 2 is a spiral galaxy in the constellation Pegasus, discovered by Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse on 20 August 1873, and was described as "very faint, small, south of NGC 1."[3] It lies slightly to the south of NGC 1. It is a faint spiral galaxy of apparent magnitude 14.2.[1]

NGC 2 is about 115,000 light years in diameter, but is 3 to 5 more luminous than the Milky Way as it is quite compact. AGC 102559, a 60,000-light year across galaxy, is the closest galaxy to NGC 2, being only 1.8 mly from it. Although it is apparently quite close to NGC 1, the latter is closer and unrelated to NGC 2.


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database". Results for NGC 2. Retrieved 2006-11-18.
  2. ^ "Distance Results for NGC 0002". NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database. Retrieved 2010-05-03.
  3. ^ Seligman, Courtney. "NGC 2 (= PGC 567)". Retrieved 16 November 2016.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: Sky map 00h 07m 17.1s, +27° 40′ 42″