Hubble image of NGC 428.
|Observation data (J2000.0 epoch)|
|Right ascension||01h 12m 55,78s |
|Declination||+ 00 ° 58 '51.6 |
|Distance||48 mly |
|Apparent magnitude (V)||+11.3 |
|NGC 428 • UGC 763 • PGC 4367 • Z 385.28 • MCG + 00-04-36 • IRAS 01103 + 0043 • 2MASX J01125570 + 0058536 • GC 238 • H 2.622 • HIPASS J0112 + 00|
NGC 428 is a barred spiral galaxy in the constellation of Cetus (The Sea Monster), with its spiral structure distorted and warped, possibly the result of the collision of two galaxies. There appears to be a substantial amount of star formation occurring within NGC 428 and lacks well defined arms — a telltale sign of a galaxy merger. In 2015 the Hubble Space Telescope made a close-up shot of the galaxy with its Advanced Camera for Surveys and its Wide Field and Planetary Camera 2. The structure of NGC 428 has been compared to NGC 5645.
NGC 428 was discovered by William Herschel in December 1786. A type Ia supernova designated SN2013ct was discovered May 11, 2013, within the galaxy by Stuart Parker of the Backyard Observatory Supernova Search (BOSS) project in Australia and New Zealand.
Smoker et al. reported in 1996 on the NGC 428 field, with the HI tail and LSB dwarf 0110+008, assessing star formation properties based on molecule density distributions, and concluded that the tail formation most likely originated through tidal interactions between two galaxies.
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- Kinematics of disk galaxies with known masses of their supermassive black holes. Observations Cherepashchuk, A.; Afanas’ev, V.; Zasov, A.; and Katkov, I. Astronomy Reports, 2010, Vol.54(7), pp. 578–589.
- "Hubble Delivers Gorgeous View of Galaxy 48 Million Light-Years Away". 16 August 2015.
- "NGC 428". SIMBAD. Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg.
- "NASA Image of the Day". NGC 428. Retrieved 15 Aug 2015.
- NED. "Notes for object NGC 0428".
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- Smoker, J. V.; Davies, R. D. & Axon, D. J. (1996). "H I and optical observations of the NGC 428 field". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 281: 393–405. Bibcode:1996MNRAS.281..393S. doi:10.1093/mnras/281.2.393.