Naqvis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Naqvi sadah (Arabic: السادة النقاويين‎) are people with the last name "Naqvi" and who are direct descendants of the Islamic prophet Muhammad through the lineage of the Imam Ali al-Naqi. Ali Naqi was the 10th Twelver Shi'a imam and direct descendant of the daughter of Muhammad, Fatimah and her husband Ali, the first Shi'a imam, believed by them to be the successor of the Muhammad. Some Naqvis trace their ancestry back to Ali al-Naqi through his son Ja'far al-Sani, while others trace it through his other son, Husain ul Asghar.[1]

The descendants of Ali al-Naqi are primarily found in Pakistan but are spread across the globe.

Sons of Imam Ali Naqi[edit]

The difference of opinion with regard to number of sons of Imam Ali Al-Naqi is acceptable but not confirmed. For reference quote of "Lut Ibn Abi Mekhnaf" is available who describes son names:

  1. Imam Hasan al-Askari,
  2. Syed Muhammad,
  3. Syed Hussain,
  4. Syed Abdullah,
  5. Syed Zaid,
  6. Syed Mussa,
  7. Syed Jaffar also known as Jaffar al Zaki or Jaffar-us-Sani.

This statement of 7 sons has also been made by Moulvi Syed Basheer Hussain compiler of book "Shajrat-e-Saddat-e-Amroha". These seven names have also been referred in by the writer of book "Anwar-e-Alsadat" remarking the point of controversy in number of sons. In addition, there are at least two personalities whose hand written pedigree from top (Imam Naqi) to bottom have been accepted and annexed to book. These pedigrees confirm the sons of Imam Ali Naqi Al Hadi as seven in number.[2]

Besides Hassan Askari, three sons (i) Hussain (ii) Muhammad (iii) Jafar and one daughter “Ailia” from different wives have been mentioned by various biographic scholars, including Shaikh Mufeed.[3][4][5][6] Issues of these sons are traceable in different pedigree books published by researchers from time to time.

Naqvis of Uch Sharif (also called Naqvi al'Bukhari)[edit]

Makhdoom Hazrat Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari settled in Uch now in Pakistan in the year 1092 C.E. from Bukhara in Turkestan (now Uzbekistan). He was also a Suhrwardi Sufi. He is the progenitor of many prominent Naqvi families of the subcontinent. His descendants are known as "Naqvi al-Bukhari". Many tribes all over what is now Pakistan and India were converted to Islam at his hands.

Naqvis of Sirsi Sadat[edit]

Sirsi is an ancient Town of Sadat in Moradabad District in Uttar Pradesh, India. Syed Ali Arab Naqvi Neshapuri Shaheed, the ancestor of Naqvis of Sirsi Sadat, migrated from Neshapur, Iran to India in 632 AH.[7]

Naqvis of Darul Ijtihad Jais and Nasirabad[edit]

Main articles: Jais and Nasirabad, Raibareli

Jais is the earliest known Naqvi Sadats of India. Syed Najmuddin Sabzwari, a revered Ulema, was the leader of Momineens who settled and inhabited this land, in 1027 A.D (around 410 Hijri). After sometime Adjacent Patakpur was also inhabited by Momineens and rechristened as Naseerabad after the name of Syed Naseerudin Jaisi. Jais & Naseerabad are the native land of Khandan e Ijtihad.

The first Mujtahid from India, Ayatullah il Uzma Sayyid Dildar Ali Naqvi Naseerabadi aljaisi 'Gufraanmaab (ar)' was from here and later his family came to be called "Khandan e Ijtihad" due to the heavy presence of high-ranking scholars. Some of the famous religious scholars from this lineage include Syedul Ulema Ayatullah Syed Ali Naqi Naqvi 'Naqqan', Jannat Ma'ab Ayatullah Syed Mohammad Naqvi, Ayatullah Aqa Hasan Sb, Ayatullah Syed Kalbe Hussain Naqvi, Ayatullah Mujtahid e Azam Moulana Syed Muhammad Mohsin ul Naqvi, Hujjat ul Islam Moulana Syed Muhammad Hussain Naqvi Mujtahid, Hujjatul Islam Syed Kalbe Abid Naqvi, Moulana Manzoor hussain Naqvi, Ayutullah Gulaab shah naqvi, Allama Taqi Naqvi, Hafiz Allama Yaar Shah Naqvi, Hujjatul Islam Syed Kalbe Jawwad Naqvi, Hujjatul Islam Syed Hasan Zafar Naqvi (based in Karachi), Allama Syed Razi Jafar, Allama Nasir Ijtehadi, Maulana Syed Sibte Hasan Naqvi, Maulana Dr Syed Mohammad Waris Hasan Naqvi, Dr Kalbe Sadiq, Hujjatul Islam Syed Ali Mohammad Naqvi.

Naqvis of Dakoha Saadat[edit]

The Naqvis of Dakoha Saadat, a village in district Jalandhar, India, are believed to be descended from Imam Ali Al-Naqi, the 10th successor of Muhammad ibn Abdullah, qualifying them as Naqvi Syeds. The Dakoha Muslim community also claimed relation to Hazrat Meeran Khas, a Muslim saint who was invited to Hindustan (from Termez, Uzbekistan) by the leader of the Lodhi tribe. After partition of India the Dakoha Sadaat relocated to Pakistan, settling initially at Korian in Punjab, and the Sadaat Colony of Samanabad, Lahore 1956. Dakoha Saadat are scattered and now living in various cities of Pakistan.

Naqvis of Amroha[edit]

Many descendants of Imam Al-Naqi live in Amroha. Syed Husain Sharfuddin Shah Wilayat Naqvi migrated from Al-Wasit, Iraq to Amroha, India. A considerable population of them moved to Pakistan after 1947.[8]

Naqvis of Rajasthan (Fatehpur Sikri)[edit]

Many Naqvis migrated to India from Arabia when the genocide of Shiites was at its peak during and after the Abbasid Caliphate, but then during the partition of the subcontinent (Indo-Pak) the Naqvis of Dholpur & Bharatpur, Rajasthan state and the nearby city of Fatehpur Sikri migrated to Pakistan, settling in the areas of Hyderabad and Karachi.

Naqvis of Allo Mahar[edit]

Allo Mahar is an astana aliya Naqvia Nashbandiya Mujadadia in Sialkot Pakistan.The honuorable syed family of Allo Mahar sharif are descendants of Imam Al-Naqi.Pir Syed Muhammad Channan Shah Nuri is a famous Islamic Naqvi saint.

Naqvis of Tando Jahania[edit]

Tando Jahania (Sindh-ٹنڈوجهانياں) is a small town located in the city of Hyderabad, Pakistan. The town has a history of Sufism as the Syeds from Multan migrated here making it a sacred place for Muslims. These Syeds came here from Uch Sharif (Bahawalpur District) via Jahanian (Khanewal District 42 km from Multan). These were the descendants of Jahaniyan Jahangasht a famous Sufi saint.[9][10][11][12] The family’s lineage is linked to Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari of Uch Sharif (Punjab, Pakistan) and that makes the lineage the descendents of Imam Naqi (Ali al-Hadi); the descendent of Imam Ali and the Islamic prophet Muhammad.[13]

Naqvis of Bukkur[edit]

The Honorable Bhakri Syed family are descendants of Sayyid Muhammad Al-Makki. The descendants of Sayyid Muhammad Al-Makki are known today as Bukkuri Sayyids or Bhakri Sayyids (Urdu: بهاكري سادات) and are known among Arabs as the Shoja'ei Sayyids (Arabic: سادة الشجاعية). They are connected to the land of Bukkur hence the suffix contains this name. The descendants of Sayyid Ali Murtadha Bhakri alias Sha'ban Al-Millat the son of Sayyid Badruddin Bhaakri the son of Sayyid Sadruddin the son of Sayyid Muhammad can be found around Pakistan while some are now native to Allahabad in India. The brother of Sayyid Ali Murtadha, Sayyid Sultan Mahdi Bhakri's descendants migrated to Attock. Among the most famous descendants of Sayyid Muhammad Al-Makki are Sayyid Muin Al-Haqq, the author of Manba Al-Ansab.

Notable Naqvi Sayyids[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ People of India Uttar Pradesh Volume XLII Part Three by K S Singh
  2. ^ Page-81 of book "Riaz-ul-Ansab" written by Syed Maqsood Naqvi (Husband of Niece of H.E. Ali Naqi Naqvi), in Urdu Language, published by Izhar Sons Printer, Lahore, Pakistan, in 1979 and 1991
  3. ^ Najfi, Maulana Syed Safdar Hussain (2014). Ahsanul Maqal (Translation of Arabic Book Muntahal Aamaal fi tarikh al-Nabi wal Aal compiled by Sheikh Abbas Qumi) (in Urdu). Lahore, Pakistan: Misbahulquran Trust. pp. 261–262. 
  4. ^ Ahmed Ali, Syed (1991). Hazrat Imam Ali Naqi (Translation of Book compiled by Association of Writers of Idra Dar-e-Raha Haq, Qum Iran (in Urdu). Karachi, Pakistan: Dar'us Saqafa ul-Islamia. p. 5 & 6. 
  5. ^ "IMAM ALI NAQI (AS)". ziaraat.org. 
  6. ^ "IMAM ALI NAQI (AS) - Brief Life". najah.info. 
  7. ^ Syed Zafar Yaab Tirmizi, Anwar e Sadat, and Syed Maqsood Naqvi, Riaz ul Ansab, Lahore, Pakistan; pg 112, 176. See History of Sirsi Sadat
  8. ^ "Amroha - Anjuman Sadat-e-Amroha (Regd.) Pakistan". amroha.com.pk. 
  9. ^ [1][dead link]
  10. ^ [2][dead link]
  11. ^ "Sufis & Shaykhs - World of Tasawwuf". Spiritualfoundation.net. Retrieved 2013-07-15. 
  12. ^ UNESCO World Heritage Centre. "Tomb of Bibi Jawindi, Baha'al-Halim and Ustead and the Tomb and Mosque of Jalaluddin Bukhari - UNESCO World Heritage Centre". Whc.unesco.org. Retrieved 2013-07-15. 
  13. ^ "Rfsr.org". Rfsr.org. Retrieved 2013-07-15. 

External links[edit]