Raebareli

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Raebareli
रायबरेली
رائے بریلی
city
Raebareli is located in Uttar Pradesh
Raebareli
Raebareli
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 26°14′02″N 81°14′01″E / 26.23384°N 81.233597°E / 26.23384; 81.233597Coordinates: 26°14′02″N 81°14′01″E / 26.23384°N 81.233597°E / 26.23384; 81.233597
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Rae Bareli
Government
 • Member Of Parliament Sonia Gandhi
Area
 • Total 4,609 km2 (1,780 sq mi)
Population
 • Total 191,056 city and 3,404,004 district
 • Density 739/km2 (1,910/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 229001
Telephone code 0535
Vehicle registration UP 33
Sex ratio 941 /
Website raebareli.nic.in

Raebareli About this sound pronunciation  is a city and a municipal board in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Raebareli District. The town is situated at the bank of the Sai river, 82 km (51 mi), 70 km southeast of Lucknow. It possesses many architectural features, chief of which is a strong and spacious fort erected in 1403A.D. Among other ancient buildings are the magnificent palace and tomb of nawab Jahan Khan, governor in the time of Shah Jahan, and four fine mosques.

Rae Bareli is located in the heartland of the famous Awadh region which was the part ancient Koshala kingdom. In the early 20th century, the town was an important center of trade, and Muslin and Cotton weaving. Its population was 15,880 in 1901.

Etymology and Post Independence[edit]

The prefix Rae represents Rai the common title of the Kayasths and manihar who were masters of the town for a considerable period of time. At the beginning of the 13th century, what is now Raebareli and the tracts around it were ruled by the Bhars who were displaced by the Rajputs and, in a few cases, by some Muslim colonist. The south western part of the district was occupied by the Bais rajputs. The kanpurias and Amethias, other rajput clans, established themselves respectively in the north east and east. During the rule of the Delhi sultans nearly the whole tract nominally formed a part of their kingdom.

During the reign of Akbar the area now covered by the district was divided between the sirkars of avadh and Lucknow in the subah of Allahabad, the sirkar of manikpur which included the larger part of the district as it extended from the present Mohanlal ganj pargana of district Lucknow on the north west to the ganga on the south and to pargana Inhauna on the north east. The pargana of Inhauna corresponded to a mahal of that name in the sirkar of avadh. The parganas of sareni, Khireoon and the western portion of the pargana of Raebareli formed part of the sirkar of Lucknow. In 1762, the sirkars of manikpur was included in the territory of avadh and was placed under a chakladar. In 1858, it was proposed to form a new district with headquarters at Rae bareli, as a part of the Lucknow Division. The district, as then constituted, was very different in shape and size from the existing one and was divided into four tehsils, Raebareli, Haidergargh, Bihar and Dalmau.

The city and the district became famous as a political bastion of the Nehru-Gandhi Nationalist family. After independence, Rae Bareli constituency was won by Jawaharlal Nehru's son-in-law Feroze Gandhi. After Feroze Gandhi's death in 1960, the constituency was won in 1967 by his wife Indira Gandhi (daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru), who went on to become the first woman Prime Minister of India.

Geography and climate[edit]

Rae Bareli is in southern part of Uttar Pradesh. On the North it is bounded by tehsil Mohanlal Ganj of Lucknow and Haider Gargh of Barabanki, on the east by tehsil Mussafir Khana of district Sultanpur and on the south east by Pargana Ateha and the Kunda tehsil of district Pratapgarh. The southern boundary is formed by the Ganga which separates it from the district of Fatehpur. On the west lies the Purwa tehsil of Unnao. The district forms a part of the Gangetic plan which is of recent origin according to geological chronology and revela ordinary gangetic alluvium. The district being apart of the alluvial plain conferm to the same geological sequence as the plain itself.

Raebareli has a warm subtropical climate with very cold and dry winters from December to Mid February and dry, hot summers from April to Mid June. The rainy season is from mid-June to mid-September, when it gets an average rainfall of 1200 mm mostly from the south-west monsoon winds. During extreme winter the maximum temperature is around 12 degrees Celsius and the minimum is in the 3 to 4 degrees Celsius range. Fog is quite common from late December to late January. Summers can be quite hot with temperatures rising to the 40 to 45 degree Celsius range.[1]

Civic administration[edit]

Raebareli is one of the six districts of the Lucknow Division which is in the charge of a Commissioner who has his headquarters at Lucknow. He serves as a link between the districts in his division and the State Government.[2] The General Administration of the district is vested in the District Officer who is called Deputy Commissioner for revenue and District Magistrate (D.M.) for criminal jurisdiction. Raebareli is divided into 6 sub divisions:

  1. Raebareli
  2. Dalmau
  3. Maharajganj

A separate wing under Chief Development Officer look after all the development work to be carried out in the district. A District Development officer is posted at District headquarters. At each block a Block development officer is also posted. For development purpose the district has been divided in 15 development blocks namely, Amawan, Bachhrawan, Sataon, Dalmau, Harchandpur, Kheeron, Lalganj, Maharajganj, Jagatpur, Rahi, Rohaniya, Sareni, Shivgarh, Deen Shah Gaura, Unchahar, Deeh, Chatoh, and Salon.

Education[edit]

Rae Bareli has quality educational institutions affiliated to Central Board of Secondary Education, Uttar Pradesh Board, and Indian Certificate of Secondary Education.

Colleges[edit]

  1. National Institute of Fashion Technology (NIFT)
  2. Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Petroleum Technology
  3. Indira Gandhi Rashtriya Uran Akademi
  4. National Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research (NIPER)
  5. Footwear Design and Development Institute(FDDI)
  6. Feroze Gandhi Institute of Engineering and Technology (FGIET)
  7. Feroze Gandhi Polytechnic (FGP)
  8. Feroze Gandhi Degree College
  9. Feroze Gandhi Mahila Degree College

Transport[edit]

Rae Bareli is on the route of National Highway 24B, between Bachhrawan and Mustafabad.[3]

A rail line is being built from Rae Bareli to Akbarganj, on the Northern Railways network.[4]

Places of Interest[edit]

Indira Gandhi Memorial Botanical Garden[edit]

Indira Gandhi Memorial Botanical Garden was established in 1986. The garden is situated on the left side of Lucknow-Varanasi highway and on the northern bank of Sai river.[citation needed]

Behta Bridge[edit]

Behta bridge is situated at the outskirts of the Rae Bareli city, at the point the Sharda canal crosses the Sai river.[citation needed]

saheed smarak[edit]

saheed smarak is situated at the bank of sai river is very piecefull place for visit..

samaspur bird sanctuary[edit]

situated near by salon.....Samaspur Bird Sanctuary is located in the Rohaniya Development Block of the region, approximately at a distance of 122 km from Lucknow, on the Lucknow-Varanasi Highway. In 1987, it was established on a total area of around 799.371 hectares. Unchahar is considered as the... Read M

mansa devi mandir[edit]

situated near by railway station..

dalmau[edit]

Dalmau is located on the banks of River Ganga and is considered as a historical city of the region. Popular locations at Dalmau are King Dal's Fort, Bara Math, Mahesh Giri Math and Nirala Memorial Institute. Including structures like the Palace of Nawab Shuza-ud-daula, Baithak... Read Mor

Indira Gandhi Smarak Vaspati Udyan, Rae Bareli[edit]

Agrasen Park, Rae Bareli[edit]

Arya Samaj Mandir, Rae Bareli[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Typography of city". http://raebareli.nic.in/. Government of Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  2. ^ "General administration". http://raebareli.nic.in/. Goverment of Uttar Pradesh. Retrieved 31 March 2015. 
  3. ^ "Rae Bareli District Map". mapsofindia.com. Retrieved 31 January 2015. 
  4. ^ "Sonia launches radio channel, roads, rail line in Rae Bareli". The Hindu. 2 December 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2015.