Nashville Union order of battle

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The following Union Army units and commanders fought in the Battle of Nashville of the American Civil War. Order of battle compiled from the army organization[1] during the battle (December 15–16, 1864).[2] The Union force was a conglomerate of units from several different departments provisionally attached to George H. ThomasDepartment of the Cumberland. The IV Corps[3] and the District of Etowah were permanently attached to the Department of the Cumberland while the Cavalry Corps had been attached to the Army of the Cumberland until October 1864 when it was transferred to the Military Division of the Mississippi.[4] The XXIII Corps was detached from the Department of the Ohio[5] and Smith’s Corps (formerly known as the Right Wing-XVI Corps)[6] was detached from the Department of the Tennessee.[7] Other brigades and regiments from the Army of the Tennessee which were unable to rejoin their respective commands were organized into the Provisional Division and attached to the District of the Etowah.

The Confederate order of battle is shown separately.

Abbreviations used[edit]

Military rank[edit]


Army of the Cumberland[edit]

MG George H. Thomas, Commanding


  • Chief of Staff: BG William D. Whipple

IV Corps[edit]

BG Thomas J. Wood

Division Brigade Regiments and others

First Division

     BG Nathan Kimball

1st Brigade

   Col Isaac M. Kirby

2nd Brigade

   BG Walter C. Whitaker

3rd Brigade

   BG William Grose

Second Division

     BG Washington Lafayette Elliott

1st Brigade

   Col Emerson Opdycke

2nd Brigade

   Col John Q. Lane

3rd Brigade

   Col Joseph Conrad

Third Division

     BG Samuel Beatty

1st Brigade

   Col Abel D. Streight

2nd Brigade

   Col Philip S. Post (w)
   Ltc Robert L. Kimberly

3rd Brigade

   Col Frederick Knefler


   Maj Wilbur F. Goodspeed

XXIII Corps[edit]

MG John M. Schofield

Division Brigade Regiments and others

Second Division

     MG Darius N. Couch

1st Brigade

   BG Joseph A. Cooper

2nd Brigade

   Col Orlando H. Moore

3rd Brigade

   Col John Mehringer

Third Division

     BG Jacob D. Cox

1st Brigade

   Col Charles C. Doolittle

2nd Brigade

   Col John S. Casement

3rd Brigade

   Col Israel N. Stiles


Detachment, Army of the Tennessee[edit]

MG Andrew J. Smith[9]

Division Brigade Regiments and others

First Division

     BG John McArthur

1st Brigade

   Col William L. McMillen

  • 114th Illinois: Cpt John M. Johnson
  • 93rd Indiana: Col DeWitt C. Thomas, Cpt Charles A. Hubbard
  • 10th Minnesota: Ltc Samuel P. Jennison (w), Cpt Edwin C. Sanders
  • 72nd Ohio: Ltc Charles G. Eaton
  • 95th Ohio: Ltc Jefferson Brumback
  • Cogswell's Battery, Illinois Light Artillery: Lt S. Hamilton McClaury
2nd Brigade

   Col Lucius F. Hubbard

3rd Brigade

   Col Sylvester G. Hill (k)
   Col William R. Marshall

  • 12th Iowa: Ltc John H. Stibbs
  • 35th Iowa: Maj William Dill, Cpt Abraham N. Snyder
  • 7th Minnesota: Col William R. Marshall, Ltc George Bradley
  • 33rd Missouri: Ltc William H. Heath
  • Battery I, 2nd Missouri Light Artillery: Cpt Stephen H. Julian

Second Division

   BG Kenner Garrard

1st Brigade

   Col David Moore

2nd Brigade

   Col James I. Gilbert

3rd Brigade

   Col Edward H. Wolfe

Third Division

   Col Jonathan B. Moore

1st Brigade

   Col Lyman M. Ward

2nd Brigade

   Col Leander Blanden


Provisional Detachment (District of the Etowah)[edit]

MG James B. Steedman

Division Brigade Regiments and others

Provisional Division[12]

     BG Charles Cruft

1st Brigade

   Col Benjamin Harrison

2nd Brigade [Army of the Tennessee][13]

   Col Adam G. Malloy

  • Consisted of men on detached duty from the Army of the Tennessee
2nd Brigade

   Col John G. Mitchell

  • Consisted of men on detached duty from the XIV Corps
3rd Brigade

   Ltc Charles H. Grosvenor

  • 68th Indiana:[14] Ltc Harvey J. Espy
  • 18th Ohio:[15] Cpt Ebenezer Grosvenor (k), Cpt John M. Benedict (w), Lt Charles Grant
  • 2nd Battalion, XIV Army Corps, Cpt D. H. Henderson (w)


1st Colored Brigade

   Col Thomas J. Morgan

2nd Colored Brigade

   Col Charles R. Thompson

Post of Nashville

     BG John F. Miller

2nd Brigade, Fourth Division, XX Corps

   Col Edwin C. Mason

Garrison Artillery

   Maj John J. Ely

Quartermaster’s Division

   BG James L. Donaldson

  • Composed of quartermaster's employees

Cavalry Corps[edit]

MG James H. Wilson


  • 4th United States: Lt. Joseph Hedges
Division Brigade Regiments and others

1st Division[18]

1st Brigade

   BG John T. Croxton

2nd and 3rd Brigades under BG E. M. McCook in western Kentucky

5th Division

     BG Edward Hatch

1st Brigade

   Col Robert R. Stewart

2nd Brigade

   Col Datus E. Coon

6th Division

     BG Richard W. Johnson

1st Brigade

   Col Thomas J. Harrison

2nd Brigade

   Col James Biddle


7th Division

   BG Joseph F. Knipe

1st Brigade

   BG John H. Hammond

2nd Brigade

   Col Gilbert M. L. Johnson

  • 12th Indiana: Col Edward Anderson
  • 13th Indiana: Ltc William T. Pepper
  • 6th Tennessee: Col Fielding Hurst

Mississippi River Squadron[edit]

10th District[edit]

Lt. Commander LeRoy Fitch[20]

Class Vessel

River monitor

U.S.S. Neosho

Lieutenant Samuel Howard


U.S.S. Carondelet

Acting Master Charles W. Miller


U.S.S. Silver Lake

Acting Master Joseph C. Coyle

U.S.S. Brilliant

Lieutenant Charles Perking
Acting Master John H. Rice

U.S.S. Reindeer

Lieutenant Henry A. Glassford

U.S.S. Moose

Lieutenant Commander LeRoy Fitch

U.S.S. Fairplay

Acting Master George J. Groves

U.S.S. Springfield

Acting Master Edmond Morgan


  1. ^ Multiple commander names indicate command succession of command during the battle or the campaign.
  2. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XLV, Part 1, pages 90-96
  3. ^ Eicher p.585
  4. ^ Eicher p.863
  5. ^ Eicher p.863
  6. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XLV, Part 1, pages 53-54 and pages 1197-1205
  7. ^ Eicher p.492
  8. ^ Veteran detachment 27th Illinois attached.
  9. ^ The Smith's Corps: formerly known (until November 30, 1864) as the Right Wing-XVI Corps. See [1] and [2].
  10. ^ Detachment 24th Missouri attached.
  11. ^ Chief of division artillery.
  12. ^ Composed mainly of detachments belonging to the Fourteenth, Fifteenth, Seventeenth, and Twentieth Army Corps, which had been unable to rejoin their proper commands serving with General Sherman's army on the march through Georgia (Official Records, Series I, Volume XLV, Part 1, page 94)
  13. ^ Official Records, Series I, Volume XLV, Part 1, page 102
  14. ^ Listed under "Miscellaneous" but attached to the 3rd Brigade in the Official Records, Series I, Volume XLV, Part 1, page 94
  15. ^ Listed under "Miscellaneous" but attached to the 3rd Brigade in the Official Records, Series I, Volume XLV, Part 1, page 94
  16. ^ Reported directly, separate of Cruft's Provisional Division; Official Records, Series I, Volume XLV, Part 1, page 103
  17. ^ Detached with pontoon train.
  18. ^ The Second and Third Brigades of this division, under the division commander, Brigadier General E. M. McCook, were absent on an expedition into Western Kentucky (Official Records, Series I, Volume XLV, Part 1, page 95)
  19. ^ Disabled.
  20. ^ Franklin-Nashville Campaign and Battle of Nashville Preservation Society - Nashville Naval Battle


  • U.S. War Department, The War of the Rebellion: a Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies, U.S. Government Printing Office, 1880–1901.
  • Eicher, John H. and David J., Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-8047-3641-3
  • McDonough, James Lee. Nashville: The Western Confederacy’s Final Gamble (Knoxville, TN: The University of Tennessee Press), 2004. ISBN 1-57233-322-7
  • Sword, Wiley. The Confederacy's Last Hurrah: Spring Hill, Franklin & Nashville (Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas), 1992. ISBN 0-7006-0650-5
  • Franklin-Nashville Campaign website
  • Battle of Nashville Preservation Society website - Nashville Naval Battle
  • Nashville page, Civil War Home site