Nathan Irving Hentoff
June 10, 1925
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
|Died||January 7, 2017 (aged 91)|
Manhattan, New York, U.S.
|Alma mater||Northeastern University|
|Occupation||Columnist, historian, novelist, music critic|
Nathan Irving Hentoff (June 10, 1925 – January 7, 2017) was an American historian, novelist, jazz and country music critic, and syndicated columnist for United Media. Hentoff was a columnist for The Village Voice from 1958 to 2009. Following his departure from The Village Voice, Hentoff became a senior fellow at the Cato Institute, continued writing his music column for The Wall Street Journal, which published his works until his death. He often wrote on First Amendment issues, vigorously defending the freedom of the press.
Hentoff was formerly a columnist for: Down Beat, JazzTimes, Legal Times, The Washington Post, The Washington Times, The Progressive, Editor & Publisher and Free Inquiry. He was a staff writer for The New Yorker, and his writings were also published in: The New York Times, Jewish World Review, The Atlantic, The New Republic, Commonweal, and Enciclopedia dello Spettacolo.
Hentoff was born on June 10, 1925, in Boston, Massachusetts, the firstborn child of Simon, a traveling salesman, and Lena (née Katzenberg). His parents were Jewish Russian immigrants. As a teen, Hentoff attended Boston Latin School and worked for Frances Sweeney on the Boston City Reporter, investigating antisemitic hate groups. Sweeney was a major influence on Hentoff; his memoir, Boston Boy, is dedicated to her. He played soprano saxophone and clarinet as a youth, and became interested in jazz after listening to Artie Shaw play. He received his Bachelor of Arts degree with highest honors, in 1946 from Northeastern University. That same year he enrolled for graduate study at Harvard University. In 1950, he attended Sorbonne University in Paris on a Fulbright Scholarship.
Hentoff began his career in broadcast journalism while hosting a weekly jazz program on Boston radio station WMEX. In the 1940s, he hosted two radio shows on WMEX: JazzAlbum and From Bach to Bartók. He continued to present a jazz program on WMEX into the early 1950s, and during that period was an announcer on the program Evolution of Jazz on WGBH-FM. By the late 1950s, he was co-hosting the program The Scope of Jazz on WBAI-FM in New York City. He went on to write many books on jazz and politics.
In 1952, Hentoff joined Down Beat magazine as a columnist. The following year, he moved to New York to become the city's editor of the magazine. He was fired in 1957, he alleged, because he attempted to hire an African-American writer.
Hentoff co-wrote Hear Me Talkin' to Ya: The Story of Jazz by the Men Who Made It (1955) with Nat Shapiro. The book includes interviews with jazz musicians such as Dizzy Gillespie and Duke Ellington. Hentoff co-founded The Jazz Review in 1958, a magazine that he co-edited with Martin Williams until 1961. In 1960 he served as artists and repertoire (A&R) director for the short-lived jazz label Candid Records, which released albums by Charles Mingus, Cecil Taylor, and Max Roach.
Around the same time, Hentoff began freelance writing for Esquire, Playboy, Harper's, New York Herald Tribune, Commonweal, and The Reporter. From 1958 to 2009, he wrote weekly columns on education, civil liberties, politics, and capital punishment for The Village Voice. He also wrote for The New Yorker (1960–1986), The Washington Post (1984–2000), and The Washington Times. He worked with the Jazz Foundation of America to help American jazz and blues musicians in need. He wrote many articles for The Wall Street Journal and The Village Voice to draw attention to the plight of America's pioneering jazz and blues musicians.
Beginning in February 2008, Hentoff was a weekly contributing columnist at WorldNetDaily. In January 2009, The Village Voice, which had published his commentary and criticism for fifty years, announced that he had been laid off. He then went on to write for United Features, Jewish World Review, and The Wall Street Journal. He joined the Cato Institute, a libertarian think tank, as a senior fellow in February 2009.
In 2013, The Pleasures of Being Out of Step, a biographical film about Hentoff, explored his career in jazz and as a First Amendment advocate. The independent documentary, produced and directed by David L. Lewis, won the Grand Jury prize in the Metropolis competition at the DOC NYC festival and played in theaters across the country.
Political views, commentary, and activism
Hentoff espoused generally liberal views on domestic policy and civil liberties, but in the 1980s, he began articulating more socially conservative positions. He was opposed to abortion, voluntary euthanasia, and the selective medical treatment of severely disabled infants. He believed that a consistent life ethic should be the viewpoint of a genuine civil libertarian, arguing that all human rights are at risk when the rights of one group of people are diminished, that human rights are interconnected, and that people deny others' human rights at their peril.
Social and individual freedom
Hentoff was a civil libertarian and free speech activist who opposed abortion and capital punishment. The American Conservative magazine called him "the only Jewish, atheist, pro-life, libertarian hawk in America."
Although he supported the American Civil Liberties Union for many years, he criticized the organization in 1999 for defending government-enforced speech codes in universities and the workplace. He served on the board of advisors for the Foundation for Individual Rights in Education, another civil liberties group. His book Free Speech for Me—But Not for Thee outlined his views on free speech and criticized those who favored censorship "in any form."
Hentoff agitated against the Vietnam War and against the United States' participation. Although he said he was a "hardcore anti-communist" since the age of 15, he had "no illusions about the corrupt, undemocratic government of South Vietnam." After the war's end, Hentoff, Joan Baez, and Ginetta Sagan of Amnesty International repeatedly protested what he called "the horrifying abuses of human rights [committed] by the Vietnamese Communist regime."
Hentoff believed in the persistence of anti-semitism and defended the existence of the state of Israel. He criticized Israeli policies such as the absence of due process for Palestinians and the 1982 invasion of Lebanon. His opposition to Israel's invasion of Lebanon led three rabbis symbolically to "excommunicate" him from Judaism. He commented, "I would have told them about my life as a heretic, a tradition I keep precisely because I am a Jew." He supported the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
War on terror
Hentoff criticized the Clinton administration for the Antiterrorism and Effective Death Penalty Act of 1996. He also criticized the Bush administration for "authoritarian" policies such as the Patriot Act and other civil liberties restrictions legislated through invoking the ostensible need for homeland security.
An ardent critic of the G. W. Bush administration's expansion of presidential power, in 2008 Hentoff called for the new president to deal with the "noxious residue of the Bush-Cheney war against terrorism". According to Hentoff, among the casualties of that war have been "survivors, if they can be found, of CIA secret prisons ('black sites'), victims of CIA kidnapping renditions, and American citizens locked up indefinitely as 'unlawful enemy combatants'". He wanted lawyer John Yoo to be prosecuted for war crimes.
Hentoff stated that while he had been prepared to support Barack Obama enthusiastically in the 2008 U.S. presidential election, his view changed after looking into Obama's voting record on abortion. During President Obama's first year, Hentoff praised him for ending policies of CIA renditions, but criticized him for failing to end George W. Bush's practice of "state torture" of prisoners.
Awards and honors
Hentoff was named a Guggenheim Fellow in 1972. He won the American Bar Association's Silver Gavel Award in 1980 for his columns on law and criminal justice. In 1983, he was awarded the American Library Association's Imroth Award for Intellectual Freedom. In 1985, he received an honorary Doctorate of Laws from the Northeastern University. In 1995, he was honored with the National Press Foundation's Award in recognition of his lifetime distinguished contributions to journalism. In 2004, Hentoff was named one of six NEA Jazz Masters by the U.S. National Endowment for the Arts, thus becoming the first nonmusician in history to win this award. That same year, the Boston Latin School honored him as alumnus of the year. In 2005, he was one of the first recipients of the Human Life Foundation's "Great Defender of Life" award.
Hentoff grew up attending an Orthodox synagogue in Boston. He recalled that as a youth, he would travel around the city with his father during the High Holidays to listen to various cantors and compare notes on their performances. He said cantors made "sacred texts compellingly clear to the heart," and he collected their recordings. In later life, Hentoff was an atheist, and sardonically described himself as "a member of the Proud and Ancient Order of Stiff-Necked Jewish Atheists". He expressed sympathy for Israel's Peace Now movement.
Hentoff married three times, first to Miriam Sargent in 1950; the marriage was childless and the couple divorced that same year. His second wife was Trudi Bernstein, whom he married on September 2, 1954, and with whom he had two children, Miranda and Jessica. He divorced his second wife in August 1959. On August 15, 1959, he married his third wife, Margot Goodman, with whom he had two children: Nicholas and Thomas. The couple remained together until he died of natural causes at his Manhattan apartment on January 7, 2017.
- Hear Me Talkin' to Ya: The Story of Jazz as Told by the Men who Made it, with Nat Shapiro. ISBN 978-0-486-21726-0 (1955)
- The Jazz Makers, with Nat Shapiro. ISBN 0-8371-7098-2 (1957)
- The Jazz Life. ISBN 0-306-80088-8 (1961)
- Peace Agitator: The Story of A. J. Muste. ISBN 0-9608096-0-0 (1963)
- The New Equality. ISBN 978-0-670-00185-9 (1964)
- Our Children Are Dying (with John Holt). ISBN 978-0-939266-43-2 (1967)
- A Doctor Among the Addicts: The Story of Marie Nyswander. ISBN 978-0-528-81946-9 (1968)
- A Political Life: The Education of John V. Lindsay (1969)
- Journey into Jazz. ISBN 978-0-698-30206-8 (1971)
- Jazz Is. ISBN 978-0-7567-5045-9 (1976)
- Does Anybody Give a Damn?: Nat Hentoff on Education. ISBN 978-0-394-40933-7 (Random House; 1977)
- The First Freedom: The Tumultuous History of Free Speech in America. ISBN 978-0-385-29643-4 (1980)
- American Heroes: In and Out of School. ISBN 978-0-385-29565-9 (1987)
- John Cardinal O'Connor: At the Storm Center of a Changing American Catholic Church. ISBN 0-684-18944-5 (1988)
- Free Speech for Me—But Not for Thee: How the American Left and Right Relentlessly Censor Each Other. ISBN 0-06-099510-6 (1993)
- Listen to the Stories: Nat Hentoff on Jazz and Country Music. ISBN 0-06-019047-7 (1995)
- Living the Bill of Rights: How to Be an Authentic American. ISBN 0-520-21981-3 (1999)
- The War on the Bill of Rights and the Gathering Resistance. ISBN 1-58322-621-4 (2004)
- American Music Is. ISBN 978-0-306-81351-1 (2004)
- Jazz Country. ISBN 978-0-440-94203-0 (1965)
- Call the Keeper. ISBN 978-0-670-20014-6 (1966)
- Onwards! ISBN 978-0-671-20000-8(1968)
- I'm Really Dragged But Nothing Gets Me Down (1968)
- This School is Driving Me Crazy. ISBN 978-0-440-98702-4 (1976)
- Does This School Have Capital Punishment? ISBN 0-435-12329-7 (1982)
- Blues for Charlie Darwin. ISBN 978-0-68801-260-1 (1982)
- The Day They Came To Arrest The Book. ISBN 978-0-440-91814-1 (1983)
- The Man from Internal Affairs. ISBN 978-0-89296-141-2 (1985)
|Booknotes interview with Hentoff on Speaking Freely, October 19, 1997, C-SPAN|
- Boston Boy: Growing Up With Jazz and Other Rebellious Passions. ISBN 0-9679675-2-X (1986)
- Speaking Freely: A Memoir. ISBN 978-0-679-43647-8 (1997)
- Hear Me Talkin' to Ya: The Story of Jazz by the Men Who Made It (with Nat Shapiro). ISBN 978-0-486-21726-0 (1955)
- Black Anti-Semitism and Jewish Racism. ISBN 978-0-8052-0280-9 (1969)
- Jazz: New Perspectives on the History of Jazz by Twelve of the World's Foremost Jazz Critics and Scholars. ISBN 0-306-80002-0 (with Albert McCarthy) (1975)
- Hentoff, Nat (January 7, 2009). "Nat Hentoff's Last Column: The 50-Year Veteran Says Goodbye". Village Voice. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
- Swain, Carol (2003). Contemporary voices of white nationalism in America. Cambridge, UK New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 83. ISBN 978-0-521-01693-3. Note: this quote is from the authors' introductory essay, not from the interviews.
- McFadden, Robert D. (January 7, 2017). "Nat Hentoff, Journalist and Social Commentator, Dies at 91". The New York Times. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- Current Biography Yearbook. 47. H. W. Wilson Co. 1986. pp. 221–222.
Nathan Irving Hentoff was born in Boston, Massachusetts on 10 June 1925, the first-born child of Simon Hentoff, a haberdasher, and Lena [Katzenberg] Hentoff.
- Polner, Murray (1982). American Jewish Biographies (illustrated ed.). Facts on File. p. 168. ISBN 9780871964625.
Nathan Irving Hentoff was born in Boston to Simon, a traveling salesman, and Lena (Katzenberg) Hentoff.
- Hentoff 2010, p. xi.
- "Nat Hentoff, journalist who wrote on jazz and civil liberties, dies at 91". The Washington Post. January 8, 2017. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- Hentoff, Nat (2012). Boston Boy: Growing up with Jazz and Other Rebellious Passions. Paul Dry Books. ISBN 978-1-58988-258-4.
- "Ask the Globe". The Boston Globe. July 30, 1998.
- Hentoff 2010, p. xiv.
- "Nat Hentoff". The Washington Post. 1998. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- Applegate, Edd (2009). Advocacy Journalists: A Biographical Dictionary of Writers and Editors. Scarecrow Press. p. 99. ISBN 9780810869288.
- Drew, Bernard Alger (2002). 100 More Popular Young Adult Authors: Biographical Sketches and Bibliographies (illustrated ed.). Libraries Unlimited. p. 145. ISBN 9781563089206.
- Finkelman, Paul (2013). Encyclopedia of American Civil Liberties. Routledge. p. 760. ISBN 9781135947057.
- Kreps, Daniel (January 8, 2017). "Nat Hentoff, Renowned Columnist and Jazz Critic, Dead at 91". Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 12, 2018.
- New York Times, July 3, 1958, p. 49.
- Down Beat, February 8, 1952, p. 1.
- "Nat Hentoff, columnist, critic and giant of jazz writing, dies aged 91". The Guardian. January 8, 2009. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- "Muere Nat Hentoff, histórico cronista del jazz". El Pais. January 8, 2017. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- Jarrett, Michael (2016). Pressed for All Time: Producing the Great Jazz Albums from Louis Armstrong and Billie Holiday to Miles Davis and Diana Krall. UNC Press Books. p. xxv. ISBN 978-1-4696-3059-5.
- Hentoff, Nat (January 15, 2009). "How Jazz Helped Hasten the Civil-Rights Movement". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
- Hentoff, Nat (November 14, 2006). "Keeping Jazz Musicians Alive". Archived from the original on October 5, 2009.
- "Having Writ for 50 Years, Hentoff Moves On From The Voice". The New York Times. January 8, 2009. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- "Nat Hentoff Joins the Cato Institute". Cato.org. February 4, 2009. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- "America Under Barack Obama: An Interview with Nat Hentoff". The Rutherford Institute. December 11, 2009. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- Scheib, Ronnie (July 11, 2014). "Film Review: 'The Pleasures of Being Out of Step'". Variety. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
- De Coster, Ramzi (November 21, 2013). "'A World Not Ours' and 'The Pleasures of Being Out of Step' Take Home Grand Jury Prizes at DOC NYC". IndieWire. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
- "Nat Hentoff on Abortion". Swissnet.ai.mit.edu. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- "Nat Hentoff, Memory Eternal". National Review. January 7, 2017. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- "ACLU better clean up its act". Jewishworldreview.com. September 20, 1999. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- Keene, David (January 9, 2017). "A taste for authentic liberalism". The Washington Times. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
- "Vietnam's state terrorism", Jewish World Review by Nat Hentoff, 4 February 2002
- "As I've said before, if a loudspeaker goes off and a voice says, 'All Jews gather in Times Square,' it could never surprise me." Amy Wilentz, in "How the War Came Home", New York, February 2012, quoting from a Nat Hentoff column in The Village Voice
- "Due Process in Israel" by Nat Hentoff, The Washington Post, 26 June 1999
- "Columnist Nat Hentoff, a secular rabbi excommunicated for his activism, dies at 91" by Hillel Italie, The Times of Israel, 8 January 2017
- "Nat Hentoff Interview" (PDF). www.publicrecordmedia.org.
- Nat Hentoff (November 12, 2008). "Caged Citizen Will Test President Obama". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on October 14, 2010. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- Nat Hentoff (December 3, 2008). "Obama's First 100 Days". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on November 13, 2011. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- Nat Hentoff (January 12, 2010). "George W. Obama". The Village Voice. Archived from the original on March 5, 2011. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- "List of Guggenheim Fellows". Guggenheim Fellowship. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- "Nat Hentoff". Cato Institute.
- Nat Hentoff (January 7, 2009). ""Nat Hentoff's Last Column", Village Voice, January 6, 2009". Archived from the original on February 14, 2011. Retrieved March 3, 2011.
- "Awards & Recognition". Boston Latin School.
- Hentoff 2010, p. 194.
- Pattison, Mark (January 12, 2017). "Nat Hentoff was self-described pro-life Jewish atheist". Catholic Herald. Archived from the original on June 29, 2017. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- Nat Hentoff, "The Soul Music of the Synagogue," The Wall Street Journal, August 24, 1985.
- Joyce, Robert W. (Fall 1999). "PLLDF Century Dinner" (PDF). The Pro-Life Legal Defense Fund Newsletter. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 7, 2016. Retrieved March 3, 2016.
- "Having Writ for 50 Years, Hentoff Moves On from The Voice", New York Times, January 6, 2009.
- Hentoff, Nat, John Cardinal O'Connor: at the Storm Center of a Changing American Catholic Church, p. 7 (Charles Scribner's Sons, 1988)
- "Nat Hentoff," in Murray Polner, American Jewish Biographies (New York: Facts on File, Inc., Lakeville Press, 1982), pp. 168–9.
- Laurie Collier, Joyce Nakamura, eds. (1993). Major Authors and Illustrators for Children and Young Adults: A Selection of Sketches from Something about the Author. 3. Gale Research. p. 1101. ISBN 978-0-8103-7384-6.CS1 maint: uses editors parameter (link)
- "Nat Hentoff, a jazz critic, free speech advocate, and 'Boston Boy' memoirist, dies at 91". Boston Globe. January 8, 2017. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
- Hentoff, Nat (1987). American Heroes: In and Out of School. Delacorte Press. ISBN 978-0-385-29565-9.
- Hentoff, Nat (2004). The War on the Bill of Rights and the Gathering Resistance (illustrated, reprint ed.). Seven Stories Press. ISBN 978-1-58322-658-2.
- Hentoff, Nat (2004). American Music is (reprint ed.). Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-81351-1.
- Hentoff, Nat (1968). Onwards!: a novel. Simon and Schuster.
- Hentoff, Nat (1968). I'm really dragged but nothing gets me down. Simon & Schuster.
- Hentoff, Nat (2001). The Nat Hentoff Reader. Da Capo Press. ISBN 978-0-306-81084-8.
- Baldwin, James; Nat, Hentoff (1969). Black anti-Semitism and Jewish racism (reprint ed.). R. W. Baron.
- Hentoff, Nat; McCarthy, Albert J. (1975). Jazz: New Perspectives on the History of Jazz by Twelve of the World's Foremost Jazz Critics and Scholars (illustrated, reprint ed.). Perseus Books Group. ISBN 978-0-306-80002-3.
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