National Library of Pakistan

Coordinates: 33°43′36″N 73°06′06″E / 33.726696°N 73.101736°E / 33.726696; 73.101736
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
National Library
LocationIsfahani Road, Red Zone, Islamabad, Pakistan,  Pakistan
TypeResearch and Depository
Established1951 (73 years ago) (1951)
Reconstituted in 1993
Branch ofN/A
Items collected~200,000 catalogued books in the Library system 580 hand written ancient manuscripts and over 10,000 key text on the history of Urdu, Arabic, Persian, and English languages; 55,836 book on science and technology; ~40,000 bound volumes of newspapers and periodicals[1]
Access and use
CirculationLibrary does not publicly circulate
Population served442 members of the Parliament of Pakistan, their staff, and members of the public
Other information
Budget₨.60.2 million[2]
DirectorCh. Muhammad Nazir[3]
Chief National Librarian

The National Library of Pakistan (Urdu:قومى کتب خانہ پاکستان) is located in the vicinity of the Red Zone, Islamabad, Pakistan.[4] Argued to be the country's oldest cultural institution, the library is a leading resource for information— ancient and new.[5] The National Library collection includes approximately 66% of all serial and 50-55% of all books publications in the country. [6]

Designed with Eastern architecture, the library includes space for 500 readers, has 15 research rooms, a 450-seat auditorium, and provides computer and microfilm services.[7][8] At its opening in 1993, the library owned a collection of 130,000 volumes and 600 manuscripts.[9] The National Library's mission is to promote literacy and serve as a dynamic cultural and educational center for the state's capital Islamabad.[5]


Authorization for a national library can be traced back to 1949, although it was not established until 1951 under the secretariat of the Ministry of Education (MoEd). However, there was no physical library infrastructure until 1954 when the National Library merged with the existing Liaquat Memorial Library in Karachi, and was renamed the Liaquat National Library (LNL). Plans began to move the library to Islamabad in 1963, and 1968 saw the separation of the Liaquat and National libraries, with the latter relocated to Pakistan's capitol, Islamabad.[10] The library was housed in a series of rented structures until construction of a permanent building was completed in 1988. The formal opening took place on the 24th of August 1993. Scholar Syed Jalaluddin Haider dates the library's existence later, to April 1999, when the 100,000-volume collection housed by the Department of Libraries was physically moved into the new building.[8][11]

In 1962, the library received the right of transference of all copyrighted works to be deposited into its collections. In 1963, the Library began receiving two copies of all books, maps, illustrations and diagrams printed in Pakistan as part of the ordinance. During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, the library was thinned with the creation of Bangladesh with key material being transferred to Bangladesh.[12] After a period of slow growth in its reconstruction, the library began to enlarge its size and importance in the country.[10][12] Development culminated in the 1980s with an expensive and separated national library building within the vicinity of the Supreme Court's library.[13] It gained more significance in 1992 with the promulgation of copyright (amendment) act 1992.[10] In addition to deposited collections that began in 1993, clauses to include electronic publications as deposit material were also being added to the Copyright law in 2014.[14]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "National Library Of Pakistan - Resources". Retrieved 2019-03-29.
  2. ^ "Department of Libraries: National Library of Pakistan" (PDF). Islamabad, Pakistan: National Library of Pakistan Press. Retrieved 19 August 2014.
  3. ^ Librarian of the National Library. Librarian of the National Library. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  4. ^ Abbasi, Kashif (June 9, 2019). "Islamabad's main library has all that a reader needs". DAWN.COM.
  5. ^ a b Murray, Stuart (2012). "National Library of Pakistan" (google books). Library: an illustrated history. New York: W W Norton. ISBN 9781616084530. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  6. ^ Ahmad, Pervaiz (2008). "The National Library of Pakistan: An overview". IFLA Journal. 34: 90–98. doi:10.1177/0340035208088578. S2CID 143813874.
  7. ^ Wedgeworth, Robert, ed. (1993). World Encyclopedia of Library and Information Services (3rd ed.). American Library Association. p. 645–646. ISBN 0-8389-0609-5.
  8. ^ a b Ahmad, Pervaiz (2007). "The National Library of Pakistan: an overview" (PDF). IFLA Journal. 34 (1). SAGE: 90–98. doi:10.1177/0340035208088578. ISSN 0340-0352. S2CID 143813874. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-08-07.
  9. ^ Feather, John; Sturges, Paul, eds. (2003). International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science (2nd ed.). Routledge. p. 596. ISBN 0-415-25901-0.
  10. ^ a b c "History of the National Library". National Library of Pakistan Press. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  11. ^ Haider, Syed Jalaluddin; Mahmood, Khalid (2007). "MPhil and PhD library and information science research in Pakistan: an evaluation". Library Review. 56 (5): 407–417. doi:10.1108/00242530710750590.
  12. ^ a b Feather, John; Sturges, Paul, eds. (1987). "Supplement 7". International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science. New York: Dekker. ISBN 0824720423.
  13. ^ "Address and location of the National Library of Pakistan". google maps services. Retrieved 20 August 2014.
  14. ^ Muhammad Waris, Bhatti. 2014. "National Library of Pakistan as Legal Depository." Pakistan Library & Information Science Journal 45, no. 1: 18-23.

External links[edit]

33°43′36″N 73°06′06″E / 33.726696°N 73.101736°E / 33.726696; 73.101736