National Library of Malaysia
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|Location||232, Jalan Tun Razak, Kuala Lumpur|
The National Library of Malaysia (Malay: Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia) (PNM) is a MS ISO 9001:2008 certified library establish under the National Library Act 1972 (Act 80).
The National Library is responsible for providing a collection of knowledge at national level for the present and future generations. In its effort to strengthen the library’s collection, the National Library continues to play an active role in its acquisition of library materials through enforcement of the Deposit of Library Material Act 1986, acquisition, gift and exchange.
The pride of the National Library’s collection is the Malaysiana Collection. It comprises library materials published in Malaysia and overseas whose whole or larger part of the content is related to the publications date or the language used. Another national intellectual heritage is the Malay Manuscripts and one of her manuscript the Hikayat Hang Tuah has been acknowledged by UNESCO in the Memory of the World Register.
- 1 Vision, Mission and Objective
- 2 Function
- 3 Collection
- 4 Digital Library Services
- 5 Building
- 6 External links
Vision, Mission and Objective
The National Library of Malaysia as a world class leader in library development, services and leadership.
- To lead in library development and library services.
- To be a centre of excellence for national heritage.
- To manage and provide easy access national information resources.
- To inculcate reading habit among Malaysians.
- To make available for the use of present and future generation a national collection of library resources;
- To facilitate nationwide access to library resources available within the country and abroad ; and
- To provide leadership on matters pertaining to libraries.
The main function of the National Library of Malaysia is divided into three (3) main activity that is Management Activity,Library Development Activity and Information Services Activity. Each Activities supported by sub-activity or division to achieve its goals and objectives of the National Library of Malaysia.
(a) Management Activity
- Management and Human Resource
- Planning and Corporate Communications
(b) Library Development Activity
- Information Knowledge Network
- National Collection Development and Documentation
(c) Library Services Activity
- Malaysiana Services
- General Information Services
- PERDANA Services
The National Library total collection is 4.78 million units of which 4.52 million are printed materials, 98,406 non-printed materials, 4,974 Malay Manuscript and 158,316 digital materials. NLM's library catalogue can be accessed online via http://opac.pnm.gov.my .
The major role of a National Library is to preserve and expand the use of published collection from within a respective country as well as collection published in other countries that relates to it. As the National Library for Malaysia, this institution is the central repository for Malaysia’s historical memory and culture as well as a library that stores, documentation and conserve intellectual achievement that has been translated into print and non-print form. The Malaysiana collection is a collection of national heritage and the Malaysian race.
The National Library collection consists the following:
- Malaysiana Collection (eg: Ephemeral Collection, Private Collection, etc);
- Non-Malaysiana Collection (eg: ASEAN Collection, Harvard Collection, United Nations Collection, etc);
- Malay Manuscripts Collection;
- Rare Collection;
- Serials Collection (eg: Magazines, Newspapers, Journals, etc);
- Electronic Media Collections;
- Commercial databases.
Malay Manuscript Collection
Malay Manuscript is defined as a handwritten document in the Malay language in the Jawi script which surfaced in the beginning of the fourteenth century and ended in early twentieth century. It is an invaluable documentary heritage of the past which should be saved, stored and preserved. Since the early days when the Malays first learned how to write and particularly during the period when Islam penetrated into the Malay world, thousands of Malay manuscripts were produced covering a wide range of subjects spanning from literature encompassing prose and poem, history, religious Islamic teachings, law, medicine, beliefs and premonitions to court customs and administration reflecting the rich cultural heritage and high intellectual attainment of the Malays.
Malay Manuscript Reference Service is located at the Centre of Malay Manuscript, 11th floor of Menara PNM, National Library of Malaysia. They serve the best quality of manuscript to the scholars for doing the research and referral with the friendly and convenience atmosphere. Basically, the referral towards Malay Manuscripts collection more focus on the original one and microfilm copies with the permission and guidance by the reader advisory staff. Apart from the Malay manuscripts collection, NLM also provide the manuscripts in microfilms form from the other institution including in the country and overseas. Any photocopies from microfilm are provided with a charge.
Rare collection includes materials issued from within and outside the country published before 1900 and / or materials that have been printed out and is no longer available on the market. This collection covers a variety of subjects such as history, language, literature, social sciences, economics, religion, etc. It contains a source of knowledge in the form of books, pamphlets and photographs which is rare, valuable and scarce. Rare Collection is located in the 10th floor of Menara PNM.
The Ephemeral collection was started in 1995 and is located in the Special Collection Room on Level 8, Menara PNM. It consists of publications from various departments and ministries, including postcards, brochures, program books, posters, calendars, first day stamps and envelopes.
The Private Collection was started in 1994, containing information on historical figures. This collection is a compilation of individual works or private collections of notable figures covering various subjects such as arts and literature, history, architecture, religion, culture and others. Private collection acquired by the National Library of Malaysia is used for conservation and reference. The field items materials are collected according to favorites, interests or areas of the collection owner. Private collection that available at the National Library of Malaysia are books, journals, articles, manuscripts, documents, pamphlets, genealogy, photos,lletters, newspaper clippings, files, drawings, charts, brochures, etc. All of this collections can be referred at Level 10, Menara PNM. The collections were obtained from well-known figures like John Bastin, A. Halim Nasir, Abdul Rahman Al-Ahmadi, Che Ismail Che Daud, Pak Sako, Aziz Jahpin, Cerita Cina Peranakan, Abdul Karim Abdullah, Mohd Idris Kamaruddin, Naharuddin Haji Ali and A. Samad Said.
Electronic Media Collection
This is a resource collection of non-printed materials in various subject fields and formats such as audio cassettes, audio disc, video cassette, video disc, digital video disc, data compact disc (CD-ROM) and kits that are published in Malaysia and overseas. This collection is available at the Digital Services Section, Central Block on Level 4 of PNM Building (Anjung Bestari).
ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations) Collection consists of a collection of countries in Southeast Asia, which are the members of ASEAN including Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Brunei Darussalam and Vietnam. This collection covers various fields and things of ASEAN country such as social, cultural, economic, political and national heritage building. This collection is located at the Centre Block on Level 4 of National Library of Malaysia Building.
Materials in this collection consist of books, serial publications and media resources. This collection covers materials published by Harvard University Press, Harvard Business School and Harvard Business Publishing. This Harvard Collection is located on Level 4 of the PNM Building.
United Nations Collection
National Library of Malaysia is the depository centre for United Nation publications since 1976. Its agencies such as United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), United Nations Children´s Fund (UNICEF) and others. This collection consists of books, serial publications, proceedings, prospectus, news bulletins and brochures. In February 2011, NLM was appointed to be the depository centre for United Nation. Special Collections of United Nations Organization can be referred to at Level 4 of Anjung Bestari.
Digital Library Services
NLM’s subscribed online databases and e-resources can be accessed free by all Malaysians, who registered as a member of Electronic Resources Portal (PNM Digital) at http://www.pnmdigital.gov.my. NLM's institutional repository portal which provides access to digitized Malaysiana collection, NLM's publication and NLM's digitized content can be accessed at http://myrepositori.pnm.gov.my. u-Pustaka portal can be reached at http://www.u-library.gov.my
The building design and concept reflecting Malaysian identity that symbolises intellectual achievement plus inspiration from the national's rich cultural heritage.The concept of the mind lends its touch in the architecture of the interior. The design is based on the concept of the traditional Malay headgear the tengkolok which is a symbol of intellectual pride and respect in Malaysian culture. The tiles on the roof are also unique containing patterns inspired by the Kain Songket (traditional hand woven cloth).
The architectural firm responsible for the design of the National Library of Malaysia's building at Jalan Tun Razak, Kuala Lumpur is Kumpulan Akitek.
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