National Romantic style
The National Romantic style was a Nordic architectural style that was part of the National Romantic movement during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It is often considered to be a form of Art Nouveau.
The National Romantic style spread across Finland; the Scandinavian countries of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden; the Baltic countries of Estonia and Latvia, as well as Russia (mainly St. Petersburg). Unlike much nostalgic Gothic Revival style architecture elsewhere, National Romantic architecture expressed progressive social and political ideals, through reformed domestic architecture.
Designers turned to early medieval architecture and even prehistoric precedents to construct a style appropriate to the perceived character of a people. The style can be seen as a reaction to industrialism and an expression of the same "Dream of the North" nationalism that gave impetus to renewed interest in the eddas and sagas.
- Bergen Station (Bergen stasjon) (1913, Norway)
- Copenhagen City Hall (Københavns Rådhus) (1905, Denmark)
- Finnish National Theatre (Suomen Kansallisteatteri) (1902, Finland)
- Frogner Church (Frogner kirke) (1907, Norway)
- Holdre Manor (Holdre mõis) (1910, Estonia)
- National Museum of Finland (Suomen Kansallismuseo) (1905, Finland)
- Norwegian Institute of Technology (Norges tekniske høgskole) (1910, Norway)
- Pohjola Insurance building (1901, Finland)
- Polytechnic Students' Union or Sampo Building (1903, Finland)
- Röhss Museum (Röhsska konstslöjdsmuseet) (1916, Sweden)
- Stockholm City Hall (Stockholms stadshus) (1923, Sweden)
- Stockholm Court House (Stockholms Rådhus) (1915, Sweden)
- Taagepera Castle (Taagepera mõis) (1912, Estonia)
- Tarvaspää, (1913, Finland) the house and studio built for himself by Finnish painter Akseli Gallen-Kallela
- Tolstoy House (Толстовский дом) (1912, Russia)
- Church of the Epiphany (Uppenbarelsekyrkan) (1913, Sweden)
- Vålerenga Church (Vålerenga kirke) (1902, Norway)
Nylands Nation, Student Nation of Helsinki University
Alexanterinkatu Facade of Pohjola Insurance building, 1901.
Saint Petersburg (Russia)
- Barbara Miller Lane, National Romanticism and Modern Architecture in Germany and the Scandinavian Countries (New York: Cambridge University Press), 2000:10.
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