Neritidae

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Neritidae
Theodoxus fluviatilis 3.png
An oblique left side view of a live Theodoxus fluviatilis
Theodoxus danubialis.jpg
Two shells of the freshwater nerite Theodoxus danubialis, scale bar in mm
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Subclass: Neritimorpha
Order: Cycloneritida
Superfamily: Neritoidea
Family: Neritidae
Rafinesque, 1815
Genera

See text

Diversity[1]
About 110 freshwater species, some brackish water species, and some fully marine species

Neritidae, common name the nerites, is a taxonomic family of small to medium-sized saltwater and freshwater snails which have a gill and a distinctive operculum. [2]

Vittina waigiensis

The family Neritidae includes marine genera such as Nerita, marine and freshwater genera such as Neritina, and freshwater and brackish water genera such as Theodoxus.

A dish of cooked nerites from the Rajang River, Sarawak, Malaysia
Meat extracted from freshwater nerites in the Punjab prior to cooking

The common name "nerite" as well as the family name Neritidae and the genus name Nerita, are derived from the name of Nerites, who was a sea god in Greek mythology.

Distribution[edit]

Neritidae live primarily in the southern hemisphere, but there are some exceptions, such as a genus Theodoxus which can be found in Europe and Northern Africa [3] or Bathynerita naticoidea.

Taxonomy[edit]

This family consists of the five following subfamilies (according to the taxonomy of the Gastropoda by Bouchet & Rocroi, 2005):

  • Neritinae Rafinesque, 1815 - synonyms: Neritellinae Gray, 1847; Proto neritidae Kittl, 1899
  • Neritariinae Wenz, 1938
  • Neritininae Poey, 1852
    • tribe Neritinini Poey, 1852 - synonyms: Catilinae Gray, 1868; Orthopomatini Gray, 1868; Stenopomatini Gray, 1868; Septariini Jousseaume, 1894
    • tribe Theodoxini Bandel, 2001[4]
  • Smaragdiinae H. B. Baker, 1923
  • Velatinae Bandel, 2001[4]

Genera[edit]

Genera, subgenera and species within the family Neritidae include:[5]

Subfamily Neritinae

Subfamily † Neritariinae

Subfamily Neritininae

Two shells of Neritodryas cornea

Subfamily Smaragdiinae

Subfamily † Velatinae

Synonyms[edit]

  • Agapilia Harzhauser & Kowalke, 2001 : synonym of Vitta Mörch, 1852
  • Navicella Lamarck, 1816: synonym of Septaria Férussac, 1807 (junior synonym)
  • Ninniopsis Tomlin, 1930: synonym of † Theodoxus (Ninniopsis) Tomlin, 1930 represented as Theodoxus Montfort, 1810 (original rank)
  • Orthopoma Gray, 1868: synonym of Septaria Férussac, 1807
  • Orthopomatini Gray, 1868: synonym of Neritininae Poey, 1852
  • Paranerita Bourne, 1908: synonym of Vittina H. B. Baker, 1923 (Invalid: junior homonym of Paranerita Hampson, 1901 [Lepidoptera])
  • Pseudonerita H. B. Baker, 1923: synonym of Neripteron (Pseudonerita) H. B. Baker, 1923 represented as Neripteron Lesson, 1831
  • Serenia Benson, 1856: synonym of Neritona Martens, 1869 (unavailable name: established in synonymy)
  • Tanalia Gray, 1847: synonym of Neritona Martens, 1869
  • Theodoxia Bourguignat, 1877: synonym of Theodoxus Montfort, 1810 (Invalid: unjustified emendation of Theodoxus)
  • Theodoxis Montfort, 1810: synonym of Theodoxus Montfort, 1810 (alternative original spelling, not in use)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Strong E. E., Gargominy O., Ponder W. F. & Bouchet P. (2008). "Global Diversity of Gastropods (Gastropoda; Mollusca) in Freshwater". Hydrobiologia 595: 149-166. hdl:10088/7390 doi:10.1007/s10750-007-9012-6.
  2. ^ MolluscaBase eds. (2021). MolluscaBase. Neritininae Poey, 1852. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at: http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=411639 on 2021-09-25
  3. ^ Bunje P. M. & Lindberg D. R. (2007). "Lineage divergence of a freshwater snail clade associated with post-Tethys marine basin development". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 42(2): 373–387. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.06.026.
  4. ^ a b c Bandel K. (2001). "The history of Theodoxus and Neritina connected with description and systematic evaluation of related Neritimorpha (Gastropoda)". Mittelungen aus dem Geologisch-Palaontologischen Institut Universitat Hamburg 85: 65-164. abstract Archived 2011-07-26 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ Powell A. W. B., New Zealand Mollusca, William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1979 ISBN 0-00-216906-1
  6. ^ Bouchet, P.; Krijnen, C.; Gofas, S. (2016). Nerita Linnaeus, 1758. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138254 on 2017-12-07
  7. ^ Bouchet, P.; Rosenberg, G. (2016). Clithon Montfort, 1810. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=737507 on 2017-12-07
  8. ^ Bouchet, P. (2016). Clypeolum. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=873719 on 2017-12-07
  9. ^ Bouchet, P. (2016). Neripteron Lesson, 1831. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=818409 on 2017-12-07
  10. ^ WoRMS (2009). Puperita Gray, 1857. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=205488 on 2010-05-03
  11. ^ WoRMS (2009). Septaria. Accessed through the World Register of Marine Species at http://marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=206410 on 2010-05-03
  12. ^ Neubauer, Thomas A.; Bouchet, P.; Sartori, André F. (2016). Vitta Mörch, 1852. In: MolluscaBase (2017). Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=818782 on 2017-12-07
  13. ^ WoRMS (2009). Smaragdia Issel, 1869. In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. (2009) World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=138255 on 2010-05-03
  • Starobogatov, Y. I. (1970). Fauna Molliuskov i Zoogeograficheskoe Raionirovanie Kontinental'nykh Vodoemov Zemnogo Shara [The Molluscan Fauna and Zoogeographical Zoning of the Continental Water Bodies of the World]. Nauka. Leningrad. 372 p., 12 tables

External links[edit]