New Room, Bristol
|John Wesley's New Room|
|Location||Bristol, England, United Kingdom|
John Wesley's New Room formally known as New Room is a historic building in Broadmead, Bristol, England. As the oldest purpose-built Methodist meeting house, it has been designated by Historic England as a grade I listed building, and is the only piece of land in Broadmead for which the freehold has not been bought by Bristol City Council during expansion after World War II.
History and architecture
It was built in 1739 under the direction of John Wesley—he called it "our New Room in the Horsefair"—making it the oldest Methodist chapel in the world. Above the chapel are the rooms in which Wesley and other preachers stayed. The chapel includes a double-decker pulpit, which was common at the time, and an octagonal lantern window to reduce the amount paid in Window tax. In addition to meetings and worship, the New Room was used as a dispensary and schoolroom for the poor people of the area. The pews and benches were made from old ship timber. The Baldwin and Nicholas Street Methodist groups combined to form the United Society, which met at the New Room from 3 June 1739. Wesley insisted that meetings at the New Room should only be held outside of Anglican church hours as he wanted Methodism to complement rather than compete with Anglican worship.
In 1748 it was extended, possibly by the Quaker architect George Tully because of the stylistic similarities with the Friends' Meeting House at Quakers Friars of the same period. John Wesley believed that liturgical worship should be carried out in churches, and only reluctantly allowed the enlarged New Room to comply with the Toleration Act of 1689 making it a formal place of worship. Wesley lived at the New Room from 1748 to 1771 and administered Holy Communion there when his brother Charles Wesley was away. Wesley added to the Methodist offer in Bristol by selling his published works from a bookstore in the New Room. Analysis of the complete printed output of Bristol between 1695 and 1775 shows that over half was written by Methodists.
After Wesley's death the property passed into the hands of the Welsh Calvinistic Methodists. In 1929, it was given back to the Wesleyan Methodist Church. The John Snetzler Chamber Organ of 1761 is a 20th-century addition following the restoration of the building in 1929 by Sir George Oatley.
A garden in the Broadmead Courtyard was opened on 24 May 2011 by the Lord Mayor of Bristol. This was followed by the opening of the Horsefair Visitor Centre on 13 July 2017 by the Duke of Gloucester. The new facilities include a cafe, library and archive and conference and education facilities plus an expanded museum in the preachers' rooms above the chapel.
- Charles Wesley's House (Bristol)
- Wesley's Chapel (London)
- Churches in Bristol
- Grade I listed buildings in Bristol
- "The New Room". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 16 March 2007.
- "Statue of John Wesley in courtyard in front of The New Room". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 31 March 2007.
- "Statue of Charles Wesley in courtyard to rear of The New Room". historicengland.org.uk. Retrieved 31 March 2007.
- "New Rooms website, History page". Archived from the original on 17 August 2013. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- Best, G. M. (2017). The Cradle of Methodism, 1739-2017: A History of the New Room and of Methodism in Bristol and Kingswood in the Time of John and Charles Wesley and the Subsequent History of the Building. Tangent Books. ISBN 978-1-910089-60-6.
- Dolbey, George W. (1964). The Architectural Expression of Methodism: The First Hundred Years. Epworth Press. p. 41.
- "Wesley's gateway to the West". Methodist Heritage. Archived from the original on 13 March 2011. Retrieved 31 March 2007.
- "The New Room". BBC Bristol. Retrieved 31 March 2007.
- K Morgan, John Wesley and Bristol, University of Bristol (Bristol branch of the Historical Association), 1990
- "Wesley's New Room". Looking at Buildings from the Pevsner Architectural Guides. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 31 March 2007.
- Vickers, John A. (ed.). "DMBI: A Dictionary of Methodism in Britain and Ireland". dmbi.online. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
- "The New Room (John Wesley's Chapel)". www.methodistheritage.org.uk. Methodist Heritage. Retrieved 28 February 2021.