North Memphis, Memphis, Tennessee
North Memphis is one of the five defined districts of Memphis, Tennessee. It includes smaller neighborhoods such as Klondike, New Chicago, Douglass, Hyde Park, Hollywood, Nutbush, Binghamton, Smokey City and Frayser.
North Memphis flourished during the 19th and 20th centuries. Klondike and Smokey City are two of the oldest African American elite communities in Memphis. Historic neighborhoods like Speedway Terrace, Vollintine-Evergreen, and Shelby Forest were home to wealthy families and a vibrant manufacturing industry.
In 1887, Memphis Artesian Water Company in North Memphis began digging artesian wells to create a modern sewer system. The facility was eventually torn down to expand parking for St. Jude Children's Research Hospital
Firestone Tire and Rubber Company in New Chicago, Memphis made its first tire on January 19, 1937. In 1942, in Frayser on 260 acres of land, International Harvester built the largest farm-equipment manufacturing plant in the South.
By the end of the 20th century, the industrial hub in North Memphis steadily declined as manufacturing jobs disappeared due to deindustrialization. Companies that closed their operations include Firestone, International Harvester, Cleo, Schering-Plough, Maybelline, Velsicol Chemical Corporation, Kimberly-Clark and Chemtura. The companies still operating are chemical plants known for heavy pollution. The Douglass community, has eight polluting facilities.
North Memphis produced musicians like Laura Dukes, Gary Harrison, Greg Cartwright and rappers like Project Pat, Juicy J, Yo Gotti, Young Dolph, Snootie Wild, Frayser Boy, and Lil Wyte. "Wrong Side of Memphis" is a number one record for Trisha Yearwood. It is an autobiographical song about leaving Frayser for Nashville.
- Memphis: In Black and White
- Klondike/Smokey City CDC
- Memphis, Tenn. Pumping Station. City Artesian Water Dept.
- Firestone Tire and Rubber Company
- Memphis landmarks that have stood vacant for years, waiting for someone to bring them back to life.
- Toxic Shock
- Violent crime up, property crime down in the city and county