North Memphis, Memphis, Tennessee

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North Memphis, Memphis, Tennessee
GENERAL VIEW, FROM NORTHEAST - Handwerker Gingerbread Playhouse, 865 North Thomas Street, Memphis, Shelby County, TN HABS TENN,79-MEMPH,17-2.tif
Country United States
StateTennessee
CountiesShelby County
Settled1937
Incorporated1942
Government
 • MayorJim Strickland

North Memphis is one of the five defined districts of Memphis, Tennessee. It includes smaller neighborhoods such as Klondike, New Chicago, Douglass, Hyde Park, Hollywood, Nutbush, Binghamton, Smokey City, Frayser, and Raleigh.

History[edit]

North Memphis flourished during the 19th and 20th centuries. Klondike and Smokey City are two of the oldest African American elite communities[2] in Memphis.[3] Historic neighborhoods like Speedway Terrace, Vollintine-Evergreen, and Shelby Forest were home to wealthy families and a vibrant manufacturing industry.

In 1887, Memphis Artesian Water Company in North Memphis began digging artesian wells to create a modern sewer system. The facility was eventually torn down to expand parking for St. Jude Children's Research Hospital[4]

Firestone Tire and Rubber Company in New Chicago, Memphis made its first tire on January 19, 1937.[5] In 1942, in Frayser on 260 acres of land, International Harvester built the largest farm-equipment manufacturing plant in the South.[6]

By the end of the 20th century, the industrial hub in North Memphis steadily declined as manufacturing jobs disappeared due to deindustrialization. Companies that closed their operations include Firestone, International Harvester, Cleo, Schering-Plough, Maybelline, Velsicol Chemical Corporation, Kimberly-Clark and Chemtura. The companies still operating were chemical plants known for heavy pollution. The Douglass community still had eight polluting facilities.[7]

Music[edit]

North Memphis produced musicians like Laura Dukes, Gary Harrison, Greg Cartwright and rappers like Project Pat, Juicy J, Yo Gotti, Snootie Wild, Frayser Boy, MC Mack and Lil Wyte.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2010 United States Census Gazetteer for Places: January 1, 2010" (text). 2010 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. April 2010. Retrieved August 1, 2012.
  2. ^ Memphis: In Black and White
  3. ^ Klondike/Smokey City CDC
  4. ^ Memphis, Tenn. Pumping Station. City Artesian Water Dept.
  5. ^ Firestone Tire and Rubber Company
  6. ^ Memphis landmarks that have stood vacant for years, waiting for someone to bring them back to life.
  7. ^ Toxic Shock

Coordinates: 35°12′58″N 89°55′26″W / 35.216°N 89.924°W / 35.216; -89.924