Nudity in combat
The practice of entering combat without the use of clothing and armor is rare, but not unheard-of. The artistic convention of heroic nudity was established in the art of ancient Greece by the Archaic period.
Historical instances of nudity in combat
Polybius' Histories describe how the Gaesatae, hired by other Celtic peoples, the Boii and Insubres as mercenaries to fight the Romans, stood naked at the head of their army at the Battle of Telamon in 225BC. The Boii and Insubres at this very battle are described fighting barechested, retaining only their trousers, shoes and cloaks.
At the Battle of Cannae, Hannibal employed masses of Insubres and Boii warriors. Polybius describes them as fighting naked, armed only with their oval shields and long swords, although Livy has them only nude from waist up.
Modern instances of nudity in combat
In some martial arts that are designed to be used for military fighting, full or partial nudity still occurs. The traditional donga style of stick fighting practiced by the young warriors, now bearing firearms, of the Omo Valley Suri tribe of South Sudan and western Ethiopia, is often practiced entirely naked. serious injury is not uncommon, and wounds incurred during stick fighting are occasionally fatal. Another example is the stick fighting style of the neighbouring Nyangatom, which fight bare-chested; the goal is to mark the adversary with visible stripes on the back.
- Polybius (110 BCE). "Histories, book 2, The Gauls Defeated On Their Way Home". perseus.tufts.edu. Book 2 Ch 28. Retrieved 2016-06-03. Check date values in:
- Gregory Daly (August 2005). Cannae: The Experience of Battle in the Second Punic War. Routledge. ISBN 978-11-345071-2-2.
- Stephen Allen 2001, p. 3.
- Livy, Ab Urbe Condita, Book XXXVIII, Chapter 21
- Don Winslow 2004, p. 367.
- Tony Tate 2004, p. 26.
- Stephen Allen (2001). Celtic Warrior: 300 BC-AD 100. Osprey Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84176-143-5.
- Peter Maslowski; Don Winslow (2004). Looking for a Hero: Staff Sergeant Joe Ronnie Hooper and the Vietnam War. U of Nebraska Press. p. 367. ISBN 0-8032-3244-6.
- Tony Tate (2004). Liberia, how to Fight, how to Kill: Child Soldiers in Liberia. Human Rights Watch. GGKEY:BSU0ZLGQ89F.