Muramasa: The Demon Blade
|Muramasa: The Demon Blade|
North American Wii cover art
|Platform(s)||Wii, PlayStation Vita|
Muramasa: The Demon Blade, known in Japan as Oboro Muramasa (Japanese: 朧村正, "Hazy Muramasa"), is an action role-playing game developed by Vanillaware for the Wii, and later the PlayStation Vita. The game was published in 2009 by Marvelous Entertainment (Japan), Ignition Entertainment (North America), and Rising Star Games (Europe). The Vita version was published in 2013 by Marvelous AQL in Japan and Aksys Games in Western territories. Using a 2D side-scrolling perspective, the gameplay revolves around a beat 'em up fighting system, while incorporating role-playing elements such as leveling and questing.
Muramasa takes place during the Edo period on Japan's main island of Honshu. Due to ruling shōgun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi's thirst for power, conflicts have arisen over ownership of the Demon Blades, samurai swords that force their wielders to kill others before bringing tragedy and madness upon them. The story revolves around two different protagonists related to this conflict — Momohime, a woman who is possessed by the spirit of vengeful rōnin Jinkuro Izuna; and Kisuke, an amnesiac ninja on the run for a forgotten crime who is tied up with the tragedy that destroyed Momohime's family. The Vita port includes four self-contained stories based on Japanese folklore released under the banner title Genroku Legends (元禄怪奇譚 Genroku Kaikitan).
The concept work for Muramasa began during the middle of development on Odin Sphere. Along with improving on the action gameplay over Odin Sphere, a great deal of effort was put into making the game's setting authentic to the period. Kamitani created the story based on kabuki theatre, incorporating Japanese folklore and Buddhist theology. When the game released in the West, it retained its Japanese voicetrack to preserve its atmosphere. It released to moderate sales and positive reviews. The Vita port, released in the West as Muramasa Rebirth, released to strong sales and similar reception to its original version.
Muramasa is a two-dimensional (2D) side-scrolling action role-playing game set on the main Japanese island of Honshu during the Edo period. Players take control of two characters with similar gameplay abilities. Navigation takes place through hand-drawn 2D side-scrolling environments reminiscent of Japanese artwork of the period, and can enter towns to talk with non-playable characters (NPCs) and buy items such as health restoratives and accept quests. An additional cooking element allows the characters to cook meals using materials gathered during exploration: meals grant temporary character boosts, and fill a "fullness" meter that limits how much food a character can eat.
Combat comes in the form of both avoidable random encounters and scripted fights where the camera is fixed within the fighting area: enemies and bosses are primarily drawn from Japanese folklore and mythology. Battles are triggered only when enemies are near, with the player character otherwise keeping their weapons sheathed. In combat, characters attack and guard using a single-button prompt, while another button accesses items such as healing potions. Continuously attacking triggers combos. Different moves include sword slashes combined with directional buttons, which have different effects such as throwing an enemy into the air with an upward slash. Additional offensive items such as smoke bombs are acquired during the course of the game. At the end of each battle, experience points are awarded to the player character depending on how fast the battle was finished: leveling up increases a character's health, stats, and the amount of damage inflicted upon enemies.
Weapons are distinguished into two categories, Blade (katana) and Long Blade (nōdachi): Blades are fast, while Long Blades are slower and deal higher damage. Three blades can be equipped at any one time: each blade has its own stats, determining the amount of damage that can be inflicted. When blocking or using a blade's Secret Art special move, its Soul Power gauge depletes: if emptied, the sword breaks and its offensive abilities are drastically reduced. When sheathed, the Soul Power regenerates. Soul Power can be gathered in various locations to restore Soul Power and the character's health. There are 108 blades that can be collected and forged in-game: forging blades requires Soul Power and "spirit", and each blade has a level cap determining when it can be forged. Weapon forging is governed by a weapon-based skill tree.
Setting and characters
Muramasa takes place on Honshu, the main island of the Japanese archipelago, with its overall style and setting drawing heavily upon Japanese folklore and mythology. It is set in the Genroku period, itself within the larger Edo period, during the reign of the shogun Tokugawa Tsunayoshi. Tsunayoshi's thirst for power has created conflict around ownership of the Demon Blades, samurai swords forged by the legendary swordsmith Muramasa Sengo that crave blood when drawn and bring madness and death to those foolish enough to draw them. Due to the chaos generated by this, the Demon Blades' powers begin summoning demons from Hell, along with causing ancient gods to stir from long slumber.
The two lead characters are Momohime (百姫), a princess of the Narukami clan from the locality of Mino; and Kisuke (鬼助), a runaway ninja with no memories but a burning desire for vengeance. For the course of the game, Momohime is inadvertently possessed by the spirit of Jinkuro Izuna (飯綱 陣九朗), an unscrupulous rōnin who was trying to possess the body of Momohime's betrothed Yukinojo Yagyu (柳生 雪之丞), a high-status samurai. Momohime and Kisuke are each accompanied and watched over by a kitsune in human form. They are Kongiku (紺菊), who holds unacknowledged affection for Jinkuro, and Yuzuruha (弓弦葉), who aids Kisuke in his quest against the Demon Blades' corruption. A key character in Kisuke's storyline is Torahime (虎姫), Momohime's sister.
Momohime's story begins after she wakes up Kyo with memories of being killed by the dying Jinkuro when he was aiming for her betrothed, the samurai lord Yukinojo. Upon encountering the spirit of Jinkuro, he forcefully possesses her, but before the process of soul transference is finished, they are attacked. In the confusion, Momohime's soul is kidnapped by the vengeful monk Rankai and Jinkuro is forced to follow Kongiku as Momohime's body will die if her soul is harmed. With her soul safe, Jinkuro sets out to regain the Dark Resurrection Demon Blade so he can properly utilize his Soul Transference Technique and gain influence through a new host. Encountering Yukinojo, who is searching for Momohime, the two battle. Momohime forces Jinkuro to spare Yukinojo, even when she learns that Yukinojo's intentions in marrying her were part of a scheme to ruin her family as punishment for defying the shogun. Jinkuro goes to Yukinojo's compound to retrieve the Dark Resurrection, but the storehouse where it is said to be is absorbed into Yomi by demons. Descending into Yomi, Jinkuro's soul is briefly captured by a demon, and it is only with Momohime's help that he escapes and learns that the Dark Resurrection was never in the storehouse. With Momohime's body beginning to fail due to the strain Soul Transference put on it, Jinkuro attempts to ascent to Heaven so he can become an immortal demon, but is stopped by Raijin and Fujin.
While willing to accept his death and allow Momohime her remaining time in her body, Kongiku shows them another way to Heaven. There, Yukinojo appears and reveals that he had the Dark Resurrection all along. They are then attacked by Fudo-Myoou, who is there to deliver divine justice upon Jinkuro. In the first ending, Jinkuro allows himself to be sent to Yomi while Momohime lives; she decides to forgo her marriage to Yukinojo and become a Buddhist nun in the hope of saving Jinkuro's soul through prayer. In the second ending, Momohime and Jinkuro are intercepted by Kisuke and Yuzuruha, resulting in Kongiku being robbed of her human form as punishment for her defiance. Though defeated, Kisuke delivers a fatal wound to Momohime, forcing Jinkuro to merge his soul with Momohime's to save her: this act leaves her an amnesiac but grants her Jinkuro's sword fighting abilities, which become legendary as she travels Japan in search of her missing memories. In the third ending, after the battle with Fudo-Myoou Jinkuro is transported to the night he first attacked Yukinojo and Momohime with the power of the Oboro Muramasa Demon Blade, which can defy the passage of fate. He chooses not to attack them, then later possesses Yukinojo's body and uses that position to ensure Momohime's safety and her family's security. Momohime herself lives to be one hundred years old and bears three children, while Kongiku remains close to Jinkuro in the guise of a servant.
Kisuke's story begins with him suffering amnesia and on the run from his former ninja comrades. Returning to Edo to discover the truth in the company of Yuzuruha, he accidentally breaks an ancient seal keeping damned souls at bay. Defeating the monsters they manifest as, he learns from his mollified ninja companions and their employer Yukinojo that he was part of a mission to steal the Kuzuryu Demon Blade from Momohime's Nakurami Clan and punish them for defying the shogun's order to surrender it, which in turn was tied in with Yukinojo's intentions in marrying Momohime. Yukinojo sends Kisuke against Torahime, Momohime's sister and the shrine maiden in charge of keeping the Kuzuryu's power in check. Pursuing her, Kisuke fights both Torahime and undead soldiers loyal to her family. In pursuit of her, he faces agents who are preserving the flow of magic energy to Mount Fuji, including a young Yamabushi. His battles awaken his memories: he was originally disguised as a servant in Torahime's household as part of Yukinojo's scheme to destroy her family, but fell in love with Torahime and attempted to betray his ninja comrades when stealing the Kuzuryu. Dying from his wounds, the spirit of Senju Oboroya, the creator of the Oboro Style that controls the Demon Blades, fused with Kisuke to save his life and pass on the Oboro Style to someone who would use it for good. The fusion triggered Kisuke's amnesia, but left him with the ability to wield Demon Blades without succumbing to their evil.
Rescuing Torahime from the spider demon Tsuchigumo, Kisuke learns that she died while fleeing from the shogun's forces, and that her present life is a temporary gift from Amitābha. The two travel to Mount Fuji, where its native dragon god has gone berserk with rage after Japan's ley line energy is diverted to Edo, forcing a route into Heaven. The true culprit is the dark deity imprisoned in the Kuzuryu, the mad god Inugami. Upon being confronted, the possessed Shogun Tsunayoshi fatally wounds Torahime, who dies in Kisuke's arms: Kisuke then defeats Tsunayoshi and takes possession of the Kuzuryu. In the first ending, after the battle, Kisuke asks Amitābha to return the now-enlightened Torahime to life, then commits suicide as an act of defiance when his demand is refused. Torahime asks for her and Kisuke to be reincarnated so she can help him attain enlightenment. In the second ending, Kisuke arrives to find Tsunayoshi killed by the Jinkuro-possessed Momohime. Kisuke exorcises Jinkuro, and following Torahime's final request becomes Momohime's servant. The two then set out on a personal quest to locate all the Demon Blades causing conflict in Japan. In the third ending, after his battle, Kisuke is sent back in time to the day he first betrayed his employers through the Oboro Muramasa's power. His warning allows Torahime to foil the plot against her family, then Kisuke steals the Kuzuryu and sets off on a journey round the world to exhaust its power by striking down evil, promising to marry Torahime upon his return.
The Genroku Legends are split into four different stories directly inspired by Japanese folklore and set in the Muramasa universe. In "Fishy Tales of the Nekomata", a domestic cat called Miike sees her family brought to ruin and all its members killed. Possessing the dying body of the family daughter Okoi and becoming a nekomata, she vows revenge against her family's killers, assassins employed by their rival Netsuzo Wakamiya. Despite succeeding, her rage remains unseated and she extends her wrath to the entire household. In the end, her tails are cut off by Jinkuro when he is hired to exorcise her: before being robbed of her powers, she curses Jinkuro with illness, setting the events of Momohime's story in motion. Now at peace, Miike spends time with an old priest and hosts moonlight dances with local cats. In the alternate ending, Miike becomes a ravenous demon whose rage is finally quelled by the old priest.
In "A Cause to Daikon For", a local farmer named Gonbe stirs up a revolt when the local daimyō raises the taxes to the point that his village is on the brink of ruin. Aided by the spirit of his deceased wife Otae, Gonbe fights through the daimyō's minions before killing him. After the fight, it is revealed that he has been relating his story to Enma, the King of Hell and, due to his actions, is condemned to be tormented there. Due to her love for him, Otae willingly joins Gonbe despite being a pure soul. However, due to the punishment demons being overworked and Gonbe complaining to Enma, he is banished with his comrades and Otae back to the living world, where they get a chance to live in peace under a new and kinder daimyō. In the alternate ending, the entire sequence is said to have been illusions holding Gonbe's spirit captive around the ruins of the daimyō's castle. He, Otae and his comrades are freed by a traveling Yamabushi and ascend to heaven.
In "A Spirited Seven Nights' Haunting", the Iga ninja Arashimaru infiltrates the house of the Okabe clan, where Arashimaru steals the sacred Spear of Bishamon and kills the leader of the Okabe clan. After learning that he was actually the leader's son, Arashimaru flees in disgust. Taking shelter in a shrine, Arashimaru accidentally breaks a mirror sacred to the Goddess Inaraki, who becomes a Shirohebi (white snake) that curses him to die in seven days. Heading to exact revenge on the Iga leader after besting his master Shiranui in combat, Arashimaru learns that his mission was orchestrated by So Xian, a Ming-era Chinese spy working to destabilize Japan's ruling classes who was indirectly responsible for the taking the young Kisuke from his family. Arashimaru kills So Xian and escapes his lair with Shiranui's aid, then goes peacefully to his death after asking the saddened Shirohebi to give his head and Spear of Bishamon to his brother Dengoro so he can restore the Okabe house. Arashimaru's head is given proper burial at the Shirohebi's insistence, and Arashimaru's spirit is deified due to the grave becoming a prayer site for pilgrims. In the alternate ending, Arashimaru is possessed by So Xian's spirit, who enslaves Shirohebi and takes on the name "Orochimaru". In a desperate act of defiance, Shirohebi has Shiranui spirit away the Okabe clan's last surviving heir during Orochimaru's attack who, when grown, takes on the name "Jiraiya" to fight Orochimaru.
In "Hell's Where the Heart Is", an Oni girl named Rajyaki is sent by her father Enma to seal the treasures of the Seven Gods of Fortune. On her journey, a womanizing ex-monk called Seikichi accidentally proposes to her and she accepts him as her husband. In the end, Seikichi saves her after a grueling battle by feeding her the sacred peach of Fukurokuju. Due to this, she is banished from Yomi by her father. In one ending, the Seven Gods of Fortune persuade Rajyaki to return to her father, while Seikichi moves to live a proper life. In the end, Rajyaki returns in human form and formalizes their marriage, which continues after Seikichi dies and goes to Hell. In the alternate ending, Rajyaki and Seikichi run into each other again when she is being hunted by samurai. Seikichi saves her, pretending he killed her and using that to establish himself as a samurai. Rajyaki takes the guise of his human wife, and they have three daughters who bear their mother's demonic horns. The Genroku Legends conclude with the narrator detailing the locations of the Seven Gods' treasures scattered through the stories, and thanking the player for locating them and calming Enma so his demons could return to Hell.
Muramasa was developed by Vanillaware, a studio created by former Atlus staff members to create successor projects to the 2D action-adventure game Princess Crown. According to sound producer Hitoshi Sakimoto, the game's director George Kamitani was laying out plans for Muramasa when Odin Sphere was in the middle of development. According to Kamitani, while Odin Sphere was an evolution of Princess Crown's narrative, Muramasa provided the chance of evolving its gameplay. He even went so far as to dub it "Princess Crown III". The draft proposal was completed by the end of 2006. The positive sales of Odin Sphere gave Vanillaware the capital needed to begin full development on Muramasa. The game was also co-funded by their publishing deal with Marvelous Entertainment, who were sold the project after Odin Sphere's publisher Atlus refused to take any further products from Vanillaware until Odin Sphere had released, in addition to delaying the game so it would not compete with their main 2007 release Persona 3. The team's style of development was identical to their strategy for Odin Sphere, although they worked to change up some aspects to make it a unique experience. When developing the game, the team decided to create a vertical plain for players to explore, something which the team had needed to forego with Odin Sphere. In addition, bathing sequences cut from Odin Sphere were reworked and incorporated into Muramasa as hot spring scenes.
Muramasa was worked on by 16 people, over half the entire staff of Vanillaware, including Kamitani as the game's writer. The Wii was chosen as the game's platform of release as its specs were fairly close to that of the PlayStation 2, the console for which Odin Sphere was developed. This meant that the team could carry over their earlier experience rather than start from scratch learning about new hardware. Kamitani did create design proposals for versions on the PlayStation 3 and Xbox 360, but went undeveloped due to budget limitations. Using the Wii's motion controls was tested by the team, but due to the game's old-fashioned style there was little need to implement them. The biggest problem when developing for the Wii was the graphics, especially how to get the various pieces of artwork in the game's scenery to interact and respond properly. They also wanted to keep loading times down to a minimum, which was made possible due to the Wii's area pre-loading abilities. Technical tinkering of this kind went on until the end of development. The game's programmer was Kentaro Ohnishi, whose biggest challenge was creating a battle system which allowed for cancelling of attacks, while maintaining the appearance of smooth attack animation. The resultant code looked so strange that another programmer thought it was a fault and deleted it, forcing Ohnishi to rebuild it. The team was highly dedicated to the success of the project, putting a large amount of work to make it as good as it could be for players. By the time of release, funds for the company had been drained.
Kamitani wrote the story of Muramasa based on his wish to create a "ninja Princess Crown". As Odin Sphere had drawn inspiration from Shakespearean theater, Muramasa instead used kabuki as its influence, prompting Kamitani to buy kabuki scripts as part of his research. Due to this and the script's many references to classic Japanese literature, Kamitani had trouble handling the old-fashioned writing style. As he was nervous about using Japanese mythology so extensively, he also incorporated Buddhist theology into the narrative. In creating the game's atmosphere, which was based on Japan as it was in the Edo era combined with local folklore and mythology, the team wanted to create an air of realism within its fantasy world. The game's setting was a heavy departure from Vanillaware's previous games, which had used Western-inspired settings and stories. The overall atmosphere was meant to emulate those of The Legend of Kage and Genpei Tōma Den. The game's central theme was "death". Several potential playable characters and storylines, such as narratives following Jinkuro and Torahime, had to be cut from the game. Elements of the cut storylines were incorporated into Kisuke and Momohime's stories. In keeping with the wish for realism, Momohime and Kisuke were given distinct accents (Momohime used a cultured dialect while Kisuke spoke with an Edogawa accent). Another realistic element was the game's food, which was designed based on the types of delicacies that were popular in the 17th and 18th centuries. One of the folklore references was the 108 Demon Blades in the game, which was a direct reference to the 108 human vices in Japanese folklore. A number of monsters and deities from Japanese mythology made appearances in the game, and the art style was intended to give a "Japanese" feel without consciously copying artwork from the game's period. Character designs were handled by Yasuhiro Fujiwara, Yasuo Shirai, Takehiro Shiga, Kouichi Maenou and Ine Kawazu. Kamitani's artstyle choice was influenced by thebright ink-wash style of Japanese woodblock prints. He also drew inspiration from the folklore-centered anime series Manga Nippon Mukashibanashi. The artwork was created at double its in-game resolution, then reduced to fit within the hardware.
The music was handled by a team from sound company Basiscape, composed of multiple composers who had worked on Odin Sphere. Sakimoto acted as sound producer, the sound director was Masaaki Kaneko, and the music was composed by Sakimoto, Yoshimi Kudo, Noriyuki Kamikura, Mitsuhiro Kaneda, Kimihiro Abe, Azusa Chiba and Masaharu Iwata. Sakimoto was working on music for Odin Sphere when the project was first proposed, and thought Kamitani was being overambitious working on a premise based in Japan when developing a game based on European mythology. During the initial planning stage, Sakimoto thought the game would be a "mock-Japanese" project, with Japanese instruments inserted into techno music. Once he realized how sincere Kamitani was with the project, Sakimoto and the team needed to re-identify with the roots of traditional Japanese music. For Sakimoto, his approach was to reconnect with how earlier Japanese people turned their wabi-sabi philosophy and worldview into words and music: he carried over this approach into the project. Each of the composers had to go through similar experiences.
Muramasa was announced at the 2007 Tokyo Game Show (TGS) under the title Oboro Muramasa Yōtōden (朧村正妖刀伝, "The Hazy Legend of Muramasa's Mystical Sword"), alongside its intended platform, setting and gameplay mechanics. After its announcement, information releases about the game virtually stopped, and an April 2008 report by Famitsu reported the game's development was "struggling", although no details were revealed. Muramasa was reintroduced at TGS 2008 under its Japanese title, along with its planned release window in 2009 and details on its characters and story. The game released in Japan on April 9, 2009, published by Marvelous Entertainment. It was released as part of Nintendo Channel's budget game line-up in January 2010, and re-released on the Virtual Console for Wii U in July 2015.
It was announced for a release in North America under the title Muramasa: The Demon Blade in October 2008 for a release the following year. The game was originally being published by Xseed Games, but in April 2009 they announced that they were dropping the title from their schedule. Publishing rights were transferred to Ignition Entertainment. Ignition Entertainment later explained that it was in competition with Xseed and Atlus to acquire the American publishing rights, and after seeing Muramasa at TGS 2008 they were encouraged to apply for the rights. The change between publishers was an internal agreement between Xseed, their parent company Marvelous USA, and Ignition. The situation was amicably resolved as Xseed already had a large number of Wii titles lined up, and giving Muramasa to another publisher allowed multiple titles not to be overlooked when it came to Western publicity. The game released in North America on September 8, 2009. The game's localization was done by external localization companies in close collaboration with Ignition Entertainment. Due to the game's strong Japanese atmosphere, it was seen as a hard sell in the West, but during localization a lot of work went into preserving it rather than adjusting it for Western tastes. Due to this, the game was not dubbed into English, but instead retained its Japanese voice track while text was localized. An aspect Ignition worked hard with was to make sure the localization was of good quality by working closely with their chosen localization partners. This was due to backlash received by fans and critics over the "lackluster" localization of Lux-Pain, which had been beyond their control during development.
The game was published in Europe by Rising Star Games alongside other Marvelous products including Valhalla Knights: Eldar Saga and Arc Rise Fantasia. The English translation was carried over from the North American version, although the English language version underwent regional adjustment, and some minor faults were corrected. The game was also translated into French, Italian, German and Spanish, which made using the original translation more practical than creating a new one. Originally scheduled for November 2009, it was first shifted into 2010, then moved back into 2009. The game released in Europe on November 6 of that year. Upon release in the United Kingdom, most retailers did not stock it: this was put down to a general attitude that it would not sell like prevalent franchises or games from mainstream genres. The game released in Australia on December 3, 2009.
Muramasa Rebirth, released in Japan under its original title of Oboro Muramasa, is a port of Muramasa developed by Vanillaware for the PlayStation Vita. According to its development team, the Vita was chosen as the port's platform over the more commercially successful Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3 due to the Vita's OLED-based screen, which they felt better portray the game's palette. While content was cut from the original version, the team decided against going back and restoring it, instead creating new additional content. The controls were also adjusted to suit the new platform. Muramasa Rebirth was published in Japan by Marvelous AQL on March 28, 2013. The game's Western release was handled by Aksys Games, which also created a new localization. Compared to the original version, which was described as a direct translation, Aksys Games' version was more "flavorful" and more faithful to the original text. It released in North America on June 25. It was released in Europe and Australia through PlayStation Network on October 16.
In addition to the main game, four self-contained stories were released as downloadable content (DLC) under the title Genroku Legends (元禄怪奇譚 Genroku Kaikitan), featuring new characters within the Muramasa universe. For the new characters, swords are replaced by other weapons such as clubs and shurikens, but they otherwise play in the same way as Momohime and Kisuke. New music was created for the title under Sakimoto's supervision: the four episodes were scored by Kudo, Chiba, Kaneda and Iwata respectively. The Vanillaware-developed DLC launched in both Japan and the West between November 2013 and November 2014: the final DLC's Japanese release was delayed by over two months behind the Western release. A special edition of Muramasa Rebirth exclusive to Japan contained all four DLC episodes alongside the original content.
The Demon Blade received generally positive reviews, garnering a score of 81/100 on Metacritic based on 58 critic reviews. In its review, Famitsu praised the art style, and called the battle system "absorbing". Their main complaints were the lack of variety between characters and the story having no proper climax. Destructoid's Conrad Zimmerman called it "a very solid title", saying that while flawed in its story delivery and instances of repetition, its visuals were "absolutely beautiful" and it proved fun to play. IGN's Mark Bozon was highly positive about the graphics and sound, but thought the backtracking might put some people off and said the story "may go over people’s heads". Game Revolution writer Nick Tan enjoyed the game greatly, but admitted that its lack of depth reduced the score he could give it as a reviewer. Joe Juba, writing for Game Informer, found The Demon Blade "stunning" despite some missteps in its pacing and depth. GameSpot's Tom McShea praised the visuals, boss battles and collectable swords, but found few other activities outside combat, which itself lacked depth. GamePro's Andy Burt called the visuals "gorgeous" and praised the combat and multiple storylines, but found its linearity and occasions where combat got "bogged down" hampered the experience. GameTrailers praised its combat and visuals, calling it "one of the better action titles on the [Wii]". Keza MacDonald, writing for Eurogamer, noted that "like many beautiful things, [Muramasa: The Demon Blade] is a little lacking in substance", saying that its lack of depth undermined other aspects. Michael Cunningham of RPGamer called it "a great game" to see and play despite its plain story. RPGFan's Dennis Rubinshteyn shared several points in common with reviewers about the story and repetition, while again praising the graphics and sound design.
Rebirth also had a positive reception, with Metacritic giving it a score of 78/100 based on 26 critic reviews. In its review, Famitsu praised it for being a good remake, although one reviewer was disappointed at the lack of new content. Chris Carter of Destructoid said that people who had already played the original version would not find much new content, while newcomers would likely be enchanted by it. Juba, reviewing Rebirth for Game Informer, said that the game was "exactly what developer Vanillaware intended it to be: a better-looking version of the 2009 release", while noting that this had no fixed the game's original faults as noted by him. IGN's Colin Moriarty called Rebirth a "faithful port", praising the improved localization and generally enjoying playing despite backtracking hampering the experience. Adrian den Ouden of RPGamer also praised the localization and shared points of praise and criticism with the previous reviewer. Stephen Meyerink of RPGFan, who had not played the Wii original, called Rebirth "a gorgeous, action-packed, fairly lengthy adventure that looks, sounds, and plays better than ever". Chris Holzworth of Electronic Gaming Monthly was impressed by the visuals and indifferent about the story, and recommended playing it on a higher difficulty setting.
On its debut in Japan, The Demon Blade reached #2 in game sales charts, coming in behind Sengoku Basara: Battle Heroes with 29,000 units sold. Sales of the title were higher than anticipated, resulting in several stores in Japan being sold out within two weeks of its release. The game had sold 47,000 units by November 2009. In North America, NPD Group reported that the game had sold 35,000 units during its first month of release. In a feature on notable video games in 2009, GamesTM stated that The Demon Blade sold "extremely well", besting established Western franchise releases such as Dead Space: Extraction. Ignition Entertainment, the game's North American publisher, confirmed that the September sales for The Demon Blade had fallen within the NPD Group's estimates, and had met their sales expectations. In a 2010 interview, publisher Marvelous Entertainment stated that, despite positive reception from both critics and players, Muramasa: The Demon Blade had suffered from low sales in Japan, North America and Europe. This was put down to it being a non-traditional game and the falling relevance of the Wii hardware.
In its first week of release, Rebirth debuted at #5, selling 45,660 physical units. Within the first month following its release in Japan, the game topped 100,000 shipments, with at least 67,800 physical retail sales, and the remainder as digital copies distributed on the PlayStation Network. Muramasa Rebirth ranked as the seventh most downloaded digital Vita game on the Japanese PlayStation Network in 2013. In both North America and Europe, the game ranked high on PSN download charts: it ranked as the fifth best-selling Vita title in North America, while in Europe it debuted at #5 before climbing to #4 by December 2013.
- Soga, Jimmy (2008-10-02). "Marvelous Entertainment USA and XSEED Games Announce Muramasa: The Demon Blade Exclusively for the Wii". XSEED. Archived from the original on 2009-03-05. Retrieved 2008-10-06.
- 『朧村正』に追加DLC“元禄怪奇譚”全4篇を封入したプロダクトコード入りパッケージが発売決定. Famitsu. 2014-12-18. Archived from the original on 2015-04-12. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- Ramsay, Randolph (2008-10-09). "TGS 2008: Muramasa: The Demon Blade Hands-On". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- Workman, Robert (2013-07-02). "Muramasa Rebirth Beginner's Guide (PlayStation Vita)". Prima Games. Archived from the original on 2015-09-08. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- Gilbert, Henry (2009-08-20). "Muramasa: The Demon Blade - hands-on". GamesRadar. Archived from the original on 2016-04-22. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- Tan, Nick (2009-09-11). "Muramasa: The Demon Blade Review". Game Revolution. Archived from the original on 2015-09-09. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- Kris. "Muramasa Rebirth: Brawler And RPG Meet In Harmonious Matrimony". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2014-01-19. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- "RPGamer Feature - Muramasa: The Demon Blade Interview". RPGamer. 2009. Archived from the original on 2015-10-03. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- "Muramasa: The Demon Blade Review". GameTrailers. 2009-09-08. Archived from the original on 2009-09-12. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- 「朧村正」の公式サイトが更新。物語とそれを彩るキャラクターの姿を確認しよう. 4Gamer.net. 2012-11-20. Archived from the original on 2013-05-28. Retrieved 2016-04-17.
- Wii「朧村正」プロデューサーインタビュー爽快さと緻密さの2つの楽しさを持つ2Dアクション. Game Watch Impress. 2009-04-08. Archived from the original on 2015-08-22. Retrieved 2016-04-17.
- Vanillaware (2009-09-08). Muramasa: The Demon Blade. Wii. Ignition Entertainment.
- Hinkle, David (2013-11-01). "Four stories unfold in Muramasa Rebirth's 'Genroku Legends' DLC". Engadget. Archived from the original on 2016-04-18. Retrieved 2016-04-18.
- Vanillaware (2013-11-07). Muramasa Rebirth. PlayStation Vita. Aksys Games. Level/area: Fishy Tales of the Nekomata.
- Vanillaware (2014-02-25). Muramasa Rebirth. PlayStation Vita. Aksys Games. Level/area: A Cause to Daikon For.
- Vanillaware (2014-07-16). Muramasa Rebirth. PlayStation Vita. Aksys Games. Level/area: A Spirited Seven Nights' Haunting.
- Vanillaware (2014-09-02). Muramasa Rebirth. PlayStation Vita. Aksys Games. Level/area: Hell's Where the Heart Is.
- Vanillaware (2014-09-02). Muramasa Rebirth. PlayStation Vita. Aksys Games.
Narrator: The demon girl managed to track down Daikokuten's lucky mallet and Budai's bag, as well as Ebisu's fishing pole. and Fukurokuju.s peach, though she ate the latter. Additionally, the Okabe clan had Bishamoten's lance, Mumyo held Benzaiten's lute, and Jurojin's miraculous gourd was in the possession of Danzaburo the Racoon. Thanks to your hard work and dedication, all seven treasures were recovered and Lord Enma is content once again, as all his demons were finally able to return to Hell. On behalf of all the gods, I'd like to thank you for your patronage, and for staying with us until the end. With your help, we were able to complete all four tales.
- Signor, Jeremy (2012-08-08). "Vanilla Sky: The Beautiful Worlds of George Kamitani". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on 2016-04-17. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- "Muramasa -The Demon Blade- Original Soundtrack liner notes". Video Game Music Online. 2009-12-16. Archived from the original on 2015-09-22. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Thomas, Lucas M. (2009-06-05). "E3 2009: Muramasa: The Demon Blade Interview". IGN. Archived from the original on 2016-03-06. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Leone, Matt (2008-10-07). "Muramasa: The Demon Blade Developer Interview". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on 2016-04-18. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- ヴァニラウェアは命がけでゲームを作る会社――クリエイター神谷盛治氏・ロングインタビュー. 4Gamer.net. 2013-05-21. Archived from the original on 2016-02-20. Retrieved 2016-10-08.
- Vanillaware (2009-09-08). Muramasa: The Demon Blade. Wii. Ignition Entertainment. Scene: Credits.
- Massey, Tom (2016-05-30). "A game developer's story with Vanillaware's Kentaro Ohnishi". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on 2016-06-06. Retrieved 2016-10-10.
- 朧村正：スペシャル. Oboro Muramasa Website. Archived from the original on 2016-04-16. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Miekle, Jason (2017-01-04). "Vanillaware's Kamitani on Keeping the 2D Flame Alive in the Age of 3D". Glixel. Archived from the original on 2017-02-03. Retrieved 2017-03-24.
- Yip, Spencer; Sahdev, Ishaan (2013-03-27). "How Muramasa: The Demon Blade Was Made To Feel Convincing". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2014-08-21. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Arai, Yosuke (2013-03-28). ［GDC 2013］RPGは“ひらめき”と“汗”でできている？ 「ルーンファクトリー」「朧村正」の開発手法をマーベラスAQLのはしもとよしふみ氏が紹介. 4Gamer.net. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Leone, Matt (2008-12-26). "Exclusive Muramasa: The Demon Blade Interview". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on 2016-04-18. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Sheffield, Brandon (2009-08-03). "King of 2D: Vanillaware's George Kamitani". Gamasutra. Archived from the original on 2016-04-18. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- "Oboromuramasa Original Soundtrack". VGMdb. Archived from the original on 2016-04-14. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Sato, Yoshi (2007-09-05). "Vanillaware Unveils Wii Action Game". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on 2016-04-19. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- Savino, Candance (2008-04-02). "Famitsu causes worry over Oboro Muramasa Youtouden". Engadget. Archived from the original on 2016-04-18. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Wii『朧村正』、公式ホームページがオープン〜TGS試遊で「百姫」携帯クリーナーをゲットせよ. Inside Gamers. 2008-10-06. Archived from the original on 2010-02-06. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- A・RPG『朧村正』発売日は4月9日！ 公式サイトもリニューアル. Dengeki Online. 2009-02-06. Archived from the original on 2015-03-17. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Fletcher, JC (2010-01-20). "Nintendo releases budget line in Japan based on Nintendo Channel rankings". Engadget. Archived from the original on 2016-04-20. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Ashcraft, Brian (2015-07-29). "Muramasa: The Demon Blade, Trauma Team hitting the Japanese Wii U eShop next month". Nintendo Everything. Archived from the original on 2015-07-29. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Bailey, Kat (2008-10-03). "Muramasa: The Demon Blade Officially Announced For America". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on 2016-04-19. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Yip, Spencer (2009-04-20). "Xseed Cut From Muramasa: The Demon Blade". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2010-04-07. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Yip, Spencer (2009-06-11). "Ignition Discusses Muramasa: The Demon Blade's Localization (Only Japanese Voice Acting!)". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2013-04-11. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- "Muramasa: The Demon Blade Officially Releases On Nintendo Wii Today". IGN. 2009-09-08. Archived from the original on 2016-04-20. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Fletcher, JC. (2008-10-13). "Rising Star Games announces Valhalla Knights, Muramasa, Arc Rise Fantasia for Europe". Engadget. Archived from the original on 2016-04-20. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Sahdev, Ishaan (2009-09-14). "Rising Star's Muramasa: The Demon Blade Uses The Same English Translation". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2014-08-07. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Yip, Spencer (2009-02-26). "Little King's Story Marching Towards Release, Muramasa Cut From 2009". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2009-02-16.
- Yip, Spencer (2009-06-12). "Rising Star Bumps Muramasa: The Demon Blade Up". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2009-06-28.
- Walton, Mark (2009-10-01). "Link and Mario star in Nintendo's Q4 EU lineup". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2013-11-23. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Parfitt, Ben (2009-10-22). "Defries: Is retail dumbing down?". Market for Home Computing and Video Games. Archived from the original on 2015-12-29. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Kozanecki, James (2009-11-29). "AU Shippin' Out November 30-December 4: Avatar, The Saboteur". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2014-12-30. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
- Yip, Spencer (2013-06-05). "Muramasa Rebirth Producer Says Aksys Translation Is Closer To The Japanese Text". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2015-01-29. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- Yip, Spencer (2012-11-02). "Muramasa: The Demon Blade: Why Vita And What About The Lost Wii Content?". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2014-08-24. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- 『朧村正』公式サイトで“親玉”の情報が公開 体験会の追加開催第2弾も決定. Famitsu. 2013-03-27. Archived from the original on 2013-06-30. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- Sahdev, Ishaan (2013-04-09). "Muramasa Rebirth Coming With Limited Edition This June". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2014-07-05. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- "PlayStation Store update: The Wolf Among Us, Muramasa Rebirth, more". PlayStation Blog. 2013-10-16. Archived from the original on 2016-04-05. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- "Muramasa Rebirth (PS Vita/PSN)". Aksys Games. Archived from the original on 2015-03-26. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- Yip, Spencer (2013-03-27). "How Muramasa Rebirth's Four Vita-Only DLC Characters Play". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
- お知らせ：PS Vita『朧村正』公式サイト. Muramasa Rebirth Japanese Website. Archived from the original on 2016-04-21. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- Sato (2014-11-13). "Japan Is Finally Getting Muramasa Rebirth's Last DLC Pack". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2015-01-15. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- Sahdev, Ishaan (2014-12-16). "Muramasa Rebirth Being Re-Released In Japan With All DLC Included". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2015-02-17. Retrieved 2016-04-22.
- "Muramasa: The Demon Blade for Wii Reviews". Metacritic. Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- "Muramasa Rebirth for PlayStation Vita Reviews". Metacritic. Archived from the original on 2016-03-30. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- Zimmerman, Conrad (2009-09-23). "Review: Muramasa: The Demon Blade". Destructoid. Archived from the original on 2009-11-06. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- Carter, Chris (2013-06-28). "Review: Muramasa Rebirth". Destructoid. Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- MacDonald, Keza (2009-06-16). "Muramasa: The Demon Blade". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- Holzworth, Chris (2013-07-03). "EGM Review: Muramasa Rebirth". Electronic Gaming Monthly. Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- Gifford, Kevin (2009-04-01). "Japan Review Check: Muramasa: The Demon Blade". 1UP.com. Archived from the original on 2016-05-12. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
- 朧村正（おぼろむらまさ） [Vita]. Famitsu. Archived from the original on 2015-08-04. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- Juba, Joe (2009-09-27). "Muramasa: The Demon Blade: Muramasa's Stunning Graphics Can't Keep Gameplay Afloat". Game Informer. Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- Juba, Joe (2013-06-25). "Muramasa Rebirth: Looking Sharp, Feeling Dull". Game Informer. Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- Burt, Andy (2009-09-08). "Muramasa: The Demon Blade". GamePro. Archived from the original on 2009-09-11. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- McShea, Tom (2009-09-08). "Muramasa: The Demon Blade Review". GameSpot. Archived from the original on 2016-01-25. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- Bozon, Mark (2009-09-04). "Muramasa: The Demon Blade Review". IGN. Archived from the original on 2013-06-01. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- Moriarty, Colin (2013-06-24). "Muramasa Rebirth Review". IGN. Archived from the original on 2014-09-23. Retrieved 2016-01-08.
- Cunningham, Michael (2009-09-16). "Muramasa: The Demon Blade - Staff Review: Beautiful Japanese Demons". RPGamer. Archived from the original on 2010-09-29. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- den Ouden, Adrian (2013-07-01). "Muramasa Rebirth - Staff Review: The Retelling of the Pandemonium of the Demon Blade". RPGamer. Archived from the original on 2015-09-22. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- Rubinshteyn, Dennis (2009-09-21). "Muramasa: The Demon Blade Review". RPGFan. Archived from the original on 2015-09-08. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- Meyerink, Stephen (2013-08-16). "Muramasa Rebirth Review". RPGFan. Archived from the original on 2015-09-06. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- Purchese, Robert (2009-04-17). "PS3 breaks 3 million mark in Japan". Eurogamer. Archived from the original on 2009-06-18. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- 『朧村正』一部地域で品薄に・・・マーベラスが謝罪. Inside Games. 2009-04-22. Archived from the original on 2010-03-04. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- Yip, Spenber (2009-11-19). "Marvelous Lost Money On Wii, Made Money With PSP". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2015-01-30. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- Ashcraft, Brian (2009-10-19). "NPD sales data for Scribblenauts, Kingdom Hearts 358/2 Days, Muramasa: The Demon Blade". Nintendo Everything. Archived from the original on 2016-05-10. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- "games™ Class Of 2009". GamesTM. 2009. Archived from the original on 2015-12-03. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- "Ignition Confirms Muramasa Sept Sales Numbers, Expects Strong Sales Through the Holidays". Gamer Investments. 2009-10-22. Archived from the original on 2016-04-02. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- Sahdev, Ishaan (2010-10-04). "On The Road To Recovery: Marvelous Entertainment". Siliconera. Archived from the original on 2014-08-21. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- Romano, Sal (2013-04-03). "Media Create Sales: 3/25/13 – 3/31/13". Gematsu. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- Romano, Sal (2013-04-30). "Muramasa Rebirth Shipments reach 100,000 in Japan". Gematsu. Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- 2013年にPS Storeで販売されたゲームの人気ランキングを各部門ごとに発表します！. PlayStation Japan. 2013-12-27. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- Dunning, Jason (2013-11-08). "October 2013 PSN Sales Charts in Europe Has Grand Theft Auto V as the #1 PS3 Full Game, AMY is #1 PSN Title". PlayStation Lifestyle. Archived from the original on 2016-05-10. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
- "PlayStation Store charts, November: PS4 games make their debut!". PlayStation Blog. 2013-12-06. Archived from the original on 2015-08-02. Retrieved 2016-05-10.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Muramasa: The Demon Blade.|
- Muramasa: The Demon Blade
- Muramasa Rebirth