|County||San Luis Obispo|
|• Total||1.547 sq mi (4.006 km2)|
|• Land||1.532 sq mi (3.967 km2)|
|• Water||0.015 sq mi (0.039 km2) 0.98%|
|Elevation||30 ft (9 m)|
|• Density||4,700/sq mi (1,800/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-8 (Pacific)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (PDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1652760|
Oceano (// or //; Spanish: [oˈseano]) is a census-designated place (CDP) in San Luis Obispo County, California, United States. The population was 7,286 at the 2010 census, up from 7,260 at the 2000 census. "Océano" (with accent) is the Spanish word for "ocean", but the toponymic name is written without it.
Oceano is located at (35.102680, -120.611471).
Oceano is part of the 5 Cities Metropolitan Area. According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), of which, 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2) of it is land and 0.02 square miles (0.052 km2) of it (0.98%) is water.
Oceano's beach is the Oceano Dunes State Vehicular Recreation Area, a 1,500 acres (6.1 km2) coastal sand dune. As the only state park in California where visitors may drive vehicles on the beach, tourists are attracted from all over the United States. Activities on this beach include riding the sand dunes on all-terrain-vehicles, swimming, clamming, camping, surfing, surf fishing, hiking, and bird watching.
At the 2010 census Oceano had a population of 7,286. The population density was 4,710.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,818.6 inhabitants per square kilometer). The ethnic makeup of Oceano was 5,105 (70.1%) White, 62 (0.9%) African American, 120 (1.6%) Native American, 165 (2.3%) Asian, 7 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 1,509 (20.7%) from other races, and 318 (4.4%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,484 persons (47.8%).
The whole population lived in households, no one lived in non-institutionalized group quarters and no one was institutionalized.
There were 2,603 households, 904 (34.7%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 1,147 (44.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 360 (13.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 197 (7.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 197 (7.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 38 (1.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 680 households (26.1%) were one person and 266 (10.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 or older. The average household size was 2.80. There were 1,704 families (65.5% of households); the average family size was 3.39.
The population was spread out, with 1,738 people (23.9%) under the age of 18, 747 people (10.3%) aged 18 to 24, 2,028 people (27.8%) aged 25 to 44, 1,870 people (25.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 903 people (12.4%) who were 65 or older. The median age was 35.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.7 males.
There were 3,117 housing units at an average density of 2,015.1 per square mile, of the occupied units 1,355 (52.1%) were owner-occupied and 1,248 (47.9%) were rented. The homeowner vacancy rate was 3.7%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.9%. 3,444 people (47.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 3,842 people (52.7%) lived in rental housing units.
At the 2000 census there were 7,260 people, 2,447 households, and 1,722 families in the CDP. The population density was 4,774.4 people per square mile (1,844.1/km2). There were 2,762 housing units at an average density of 1,816.4 per square mile (701.6/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 68.73% White, 1.12% African American, 1.29% Native American, 1.80% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 21.78% from other races, and 5.25% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 44.63%.
Of the 2,447 households, 38.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 50.2% were married couples living together, 14.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.6% were non-families. 23.0% of households were one person, and 9.2% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.96 and the average family size was 3.50.
The age distribution was 29.5% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 20.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% 65 or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.3 males.
The median household income was $38,014 and the median family income was $39,254. Males had a median income of $28,180 versus $21,310 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $16,561. About 14.1% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.0% of those under age 18 and 6.2% of those age 65 or over.
The environs of Oceano were the home of "Halcyon," a utopian religious community established in 1903 by the theosophical Temple of the People, based in Syracuse, New York. The group, which believed in channeling unseen electromagnetic forces in an effort to attain human perfection, constructed a number of buildings in association with their colonizing effort, including the Blue Star Memorial Temple and the Halcyon Hotel and Sanatorium.
- The Great American Melodrama performs original plays nightly in Oceano.
- Irish poet and Celtic mythologist Ella Young's final years were spent in Oceano (she died there in 1956).
The Oceano Community Services District provides the following services: fire and emergency, water, wastewater collection, solid waste, parks and recreation, and limited street lighting.
As an unincorporated town in San Luis Obispo County, Oceano is in the Board of Supervisors 4th District.
- "2010 Census U.S. Gazetteer Files – Places – California". United States Census Bureau.
- "Oceano". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved May 18, 2015.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Oceano CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Amy M. Hay, Review of Paul Eli Ivey's Radiance from Halcyon, Journal of American History, vol. 101, no. 1 (June 2014), pp. 283-284.
- "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved December 30, 2014.
- "California's 24th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- Paul Eli Ivey, Radiance from Halcyon: A Utopian Experiment in Religion and Science. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press, 2013.
|Look up Oceano in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|