Office of the Attorney General of Colombia
|Fiscalía General de la Nación|
|Formed||July 6, 1991|
|Headquarters||Diagonal 22B 52-01
The Office of the Attorney General of Colombia (Spanish: Fiscalía General de la Nación; literally "General Prosecutorial Office of the Nation") is the Colombian institution part of the Colombian judicial branch of Government with administrative autonomy designed to prosecute offenders, investigate crimes, review judicial processes and accuse penal law infractions against judges and courts of justice. The Office of the Attorney General was created by the Colombian Constitution of 1991 and began operating on July 1, 1992. The current Attorney General is Néstor Humberto Martínez.
An investigative process is initiated either by the institutions' own initiative or after a denouncer has made authorities aware of the case in a police station or in a Quick Reaction Unit of the Attorney General's Office.
The Attorney General
The Attorney General is elected by Colombian Supreme Court out of a ternary presented by the President for a period of four years. To cast the final vote, the Supreme Court of Justice must meet a quorum of 16 out of the possible 23 votes, i.e. two thirds of the votes.
List of Attorneys General
|Order||Name||Years in Office|
|1st||Gustavo de Greiff Restrepo||1 April 1992 – 17 August 1994|
|2nd||Alfonso Valdivieso Sarmiento||18 August 1994 – 8 May 1997|
|3rd||Alfonso Gómez Méndez||3 July 1997 – 3 July 2001|
|4th||Luis Camilo Osorio Isaza||1 August 2001 – 1 August 2005|
|5th||Mario Germán Iguarán Arana||1 August 2005 – 1 August 2009|
|6th ad interim||Guillermo Mendoza Diago||1 August 2009 – 12 January 2011|
|7th||Viviane Morales Hoyos||12 January 2011 – 6 March 2012|
|8th||Martha Lucía Zamora Ávila||6 March 2012 – 29 March 2012|
|9th||Eduardo Montealegre Lynett||29 March 2012 – 28 March 2016|
|10th ad interim||Jorge Fernando Perdomo||29 March 2016 – 1 August 2016|
|11th||Néstor Humberto Martínez||1 August 2016 – present|
Deputy Attorney General
The Deputy Attorney General (Vicefiscal General) is the second-in-command to the Attorney General and is appointed by the Attorney General to represent him before the different entities of the State and society, and replaces him in his absence. The Deputy Attorney General assists in formulating policies regarding the entity and ensures their compliance. He coordinates international technical assistance programs and presents update reports to the Attorney General. The current Deputy Attorney General is José Ricardo González Esguerra, who was appointed by Martha Lucía Zamora Ávila in January 2012.
In 2009, after the end of Attorney General Iguarán's term, the Deputy Attorney General, Guillermo Mendoza Diago, took over interimly as Attorney General until January 2011 because the Supreme Court struggled to select Iguarán's successor.
Former Attorney General Luis Camilo Osorio, whose four-year term ran from 2001 to 2005, was criticized by Human Rights Watch. They accused him of undermining investigations into human rights violations by retiring or forcing the resignation of several investigators.
- Ley de Presupuesto General de la Nación 2010 (PDF), Ministry of Finance and Public Credit, 2010, pp. 50–51, retrieved 2010-11-23
- "Identidad Corporativa" (in Spanish). Office of the Attorney General of Colombia. Retrieved 2008-11-29.
- "Despacho del Vicefiscal" (in Spanish). Office of the Attorney General of Colombia. Retrieved 2009-12-11.
- "Colombia: Attorney General Undermines Human Rights Investigations". Human Rights Watch. 2002-10-07. Retrieved 2008-11-29.