Elections in Colombia

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This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Colombia

Elections in Colombia are regulated and controlled by the National Electoral Council which also gives information on elections and election results in for the politics of Colombia.

Colombia elects on national level a head of state - the president - and a legislature. The president is elected for a four-year term by the people. The Congress' (Congreso) has two chambers. The House of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes) has 162 members, elected for a four-year term by proportional representation. The Senate of the Republic (Senado de la República) has 102 members, elected for a four-year term by proportional representation.

Colombia had a two-party system, in which it could be difficult for third parties to find success. Politicians from the two main parties tend to win elections when not confronted by strong challengers from their own party (in which cases their traditional opponents tend to win). Recent electoral inroads made by a number of independent candidates towards the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st, such as the elections of Antanas Mockus and later Luis Eduardo Garzón as mayors of Bogotá, amid a climate of perceived generalized dissatisfaction with the country's political background, have tended to shows signs that past electoral trends may be weakening and the potential for diversity could be increasing.[citation needed]

Electoral fraud, bribery, and other scandals that occur at both municipal[1] and national[2] levels are part of Colombia's corruption problem.

Schedule[edit]

Election[edit]

Position 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Type Presidential (May)
Congress (March)
Local (October) None None Presidential (May)
Congress (March)
President and
vice president
President and vice president None President and vice president
Congress All seats None All seats
Local None All positions None

Inauguration[edit]

Position 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Type Presidential
Congress
None Local None Presidential
Congress
President and
vice president
7 August None August 7
Congress 20 July None July 20
Local None January 1 None

Latest elections[edit]

2018 Presidential election[edit]

Candidate Party/alliance First round Second round
Votes % Votes %
Iván Duque Márquez Grand Alliance for Colombia 7,569,693 39.14 10,373,080 53.98
Gustavo Petro List of Decency 4,851,254 25.09 8,034,189 41.81
Sergio Fajardo Colombia Coalition 4,589,696 23.73
Germán Vargas Lleras Mejor Vargas Lleras 1,407,840 7.28
Humberto De la Calle PLCASI 399,180 2.06
Jorge Antonio Trujillo We Are All Colombia 75,614 0.39
Promotores Voto En Blanco Party of Ethnic Reclamation "PRE" 60,312 0.31
Viviane Morales Hoyos Somos Región Colombia 41,458 0.21
Blank votes 341,087 1.76 808,104 4.21
Invalid votes 300,080 295,499
Total 19,336,134 100 19,510,684 100
Registered voters/turnout 36,227,267 53.37 36,783,940 53.04
Source: El Tiempo Government

2018 Parliamentary election[edit]

House of Representatives[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Colombian Liberal Party 2,471,596 35
Democratic Center 2,388,405 32
Radical Change 2,140,630 30
Social Party of National Unity 1,840,481 25
Colombian Conservative Party 1,819,867 21
Green Alliance 884,146 9
Independent Movement of Absolute Renovation 585,638 1
Alternative Democratic Pole 444,912 2
Citizen Option 310,724 2
List of Decency Coalition [es] (ASIUPMAIS [es]) 262,282 2
Partido Somos 160,618 0
Colombia Coalition 121,338 0
Colombia Justa Libres 114,174 1
Indigenous Social Alliance Movement 112,340 0
Alternative Santandereana Coalition 71,953 1
Alternative Indigenous and Social Movement [es] 44,034 1
Colombia Justa Libres 58,654 0
List of Decency Coalition [es] (ASIUPMAIS [es]) 49,426 0
Patriotic Union 42,910 0
Citizen Force for Decency 35,140 0
Common Alternative Revolutionary Force(FARC) 32,636 0
AVPDA 21,849 0
Coalition for the North 17,935 0
Todos Somos Colombia 16,447 0
Indigenous Authorities of Colombia 11,244 0
Arauca for All 5,028 0
Movement for Regional Integration 3,033 0
Afro-Colombian Seats
C.C. Ancenstral de Comunidades Negras Playa Renaciente 32,439 1
Consejo Comunitario La Mamuncia 23,627 1
C.C. de la Comunidad Negra de la Plata Bahía Málaga 17,006 0
Consejo Comunitario del Rio Yurumangui 13,355 0
Consejo Comunitario Mayor de Certegui 11,743 0
C.C. De Comun. Negras Palenque Vda. Las Trescientas y Mun. Galapa 11,655 0
Fundación Laborar por Colombia Fundalabor 8,035 0
Fundación Esperanza Afro-Esafro 7,933 0
Consejo Comunitario de Alejandro Duran Diaz 7,828 0
Todos Somos Colombia 7,287 0
Corporación Poder Ciudadano 6,597 0
Consejo Comunitario Renacer Negro 6,346 0
Si Se Puede 5,904 0
Consejo Comunitario Bocas del Atrato y Leoncito 3,919 0
Consejo Comunitario Ma Kankamana de San Basilio de Palenque 3,795 0
C.C. de la Comunidad Negra de la Calle Larga Rio Dagua 3,527 0
C.C. de los Corregimientos de San Antonio y El Castillo 3,292 0
Consejo Comunitario Los Andes 3,220 0
Consejo Comunitario Veredas Unidas Un Bien Común 3,194 0
ACN-EAT 2,991 0
C.C. De La Comun. Negra De Tierra Baja Mi Territorio Ancestral 2,980 0
Consejo Comunitario Imbilpi del Carmen 2,451 0
Consejo Comunitario de la Comunidad Negra de Limones 2,403 0
AFROSANPEDRO 2,329 0
FUNAFROPECOR 2,193 0
Consejo Comunitario Tablon Salado 2,134 0
AFROCODES 1,988 0
Asociación Colombia Negra Huellas de Africania en Paz 1,915 0
Kusuto Magende Cokumalu de Luruaco 1,905 0
Consejo Comunitario de las Baras 1,873 0
Fundación Amor y Paz 1,691 0
Consejo Comunitario de Comunidades Negras Obatala 1,634 0
CENAFROZ 1,628 0
Cuenca del Rio Iscuande 1,557 0
Consejo Comunitario de Comunidades Negras Santo Domingo 1,554 0
Org. Social de Comunidades Negras "Nelson Mandela" 1,533 0
FUNETCOL 1,509 0
C.C. General del Río Baudó y Sus Afluentes "Acaba" 1,340 0
Los Palenkes 1,314 0
FUNDEVIA 1,075 0
Fundación Renacer Para Todos 1,010 0
Asoc. de Afr. Sin Animo de Lucro de S. Cristóbal Sur Asafroscol 4 1,006 0
Indigenous Seats
Alternative Indigenous and Social Movement [es] 99,645 1
Indigenous Authorities of Colombia 45,969 0
UAIZSACOR 4,437 0
ANICOL 4,308 0
Taita Zipa Foundation 2,442 0
Casiyouren Traditional Authority 1,909 0
Invalid/blank votes 3,433,453
Total 17,882,318 100 166
Registered voters/turnout 36,493,318
Source: RNEC (99.03% of polling stations reporting)

Senate[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
National Seats
Democratic Center 2,513,320 17.36 19
Radical Change 2,155,487 14.89 16
Colombian Conservative Party 1,927,320 13.32 15
Colombian Liberal Party 1,901,933 13.14 14
Social Party of National Unity 1,853,054 12.80 14
Green Alliance 1,317,429 9.10 10
Alternative Democratic Pole 736,367 5.09 5
List of Decency Coalition [es] (ASIUPMAIS [es]) 523,286 3.62 4
Independent Movement of Absolute Renovation 501,489 3.46 3
Colombia Justa Libres 431,418 2.98 0
Citizen Option 354,042 2.45 0
Partido Somos 94,349 0.65 0
Todos Somos Colombia 63,443 0.44 0
Common Alternative Revolutionary Force (FARC) 52,532 0.36 0
Union for Fortaleza 34,121 0.24 0
Si Se Puede 14,860 0.10 0
Indigenous Seats
Alternative Indigenous and Social Movement [es] 72,591 45.68 1
Indigenous Authorities of Colombia 34,957 22.00 1
Indigenous Social Alliance Movement 23,742 14.94 0
Political Sovereignty Movement 15,692 9.87 0
Casiyouren Traditional Authority 5,370 3.38 0
Ethnic Renovation of Colombia 4,382 2.76 0
Indigenous Environmental Movement 2,181 1.37 0
Invalid/blank votes 3,184,820
Total 17,818,185 100 102
Registered voters/turnout 36,493,318 48.82
Source: Colombia.com (98.97% of polling stations reporting)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Investigan a 17 alcaldes por mal uso de recursos para invierno". El Tiempo (in Spanish). 7 September 2011. Retrieved 23 September 2011.
  2. ^ "Colombia President's Aide Linked to Drug Money". New York Times. 27 July 1995.

External links[edit]

Template:Elections in Colombia