Operation Birmingham

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Operation Birmingham
Part of the Vietnam War
Date 24 April–17 May 1966
Location Tây Ninh Province, South Vietnam
Result U.S.-South Vietnamese tactical victory; Viet Cong successful withdrawal
Flag of South Vietnam.svg Republic of Vietnam
Flag of the United States.svg United States
FNL Flag.svg Viet Cong
Units involved
Flag of South Vietnam.svg ARVN 5th Division
1st Infantry Division
9th Division
Casualties and losses
45 casualties 100 killed
500 tons of weapons, ordnance, rice, salt and other foods seized

Operation Birmingham was a military operation of the Vietnam War in War Zone C, north of Saigon. The US 1st Infantry Division and the ARVN 5th Division conducted operations on the eastern flank of War Zone C. The goals were opening Route 13 from Saigon to the north and engaging the Viet Cong 9th Division. The Viet Cong successfully managed to withdraw beyond the Cambodian border, after having only 100 soldiers killed by US and South Vietnamese forces; along with that are 500 tons of weapons, ordnance, rice, salt and other foods seized by anti-communist forces.

Operation Birmingham also employed two brigades of the Vietnamese Mobile Guerrilla Forces (MGFs) whose primary objective was to locate and engage Viet Cong forces as well as to destroy their base camps along the Cambodian border. These brigades moved rapidly to exploit recently acquired intelligence on enemy installations and movements and were frequently transported by helicopter to locations throughout the Tay Ninh Province. The MGFs utilized guerrilla warfare tactics that were often employed by Viet Cong forces against U.S. and ARVN units.[1]


  1. ^ Olson, James S. (2008). In Country: The Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Vietnam War. New York, New York: Metro Books. p. 458. ISBN 978-1-4351-1184-4.