Ostružnica

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Ostružnica
Остружница
Town
Ostružnica is located in Serbia
Ostružnica
Ostružnica
Coordinates: 44°43′25″N 20°19′05″E / 44.72361°N 20.31806°E / 44.72361; 20.31806Coordinates: 44°43′25″N 20°19′05″E / 44.72361°N 20.31806°E / 44.72361; 20.31806
Country Serbia
District Toplica District
Municipality Kuršumlija
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 4,218
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 11251
Area code(s) 011
Vehicle registration BG

Ostružnica (Serbian Cyrillic: Остружница) is a suburban settlement of Belgrade, the capital of Serbia, in the municipality of Čukarica. It has a population of 4,218 people (2011).

Geography[edit]

Ostružnica is located on the right bank of the Sava river, at the mouth of the Ostružnička reka, 14 km southwest of Belgrade, south of the Ada Ciganlija island.

History[edit]

Doljani is a former settlement that was located in the upper part of the Doljanski potok stream, between villages of Velika Moštanica, Meljak and Sremčica, just south of today's Ostružnica.[2][3] It is widely held that Doljani was depopulated during the First Serbian Uprising, by Karađorđe due to the plague. Aćim Doljanac, Karađorđe's close cooperator and progenitor of the Doljančević family, moved to Ostružnica at that time.[4][5]

During the First Serbian Uprising, Karađorđe, the leader of the rebellion, summoned the very first national assembly of Serbia in Ostružnica 24–28 April 1804.[6]

Economy and infrastructure[edit]

Ostružnica has its own train station on the Belgrade's internal freight railway BatajnicaSurčin–Ostružnica–ŽeleznikResnik, as the Sava is crossed by the railway bridge at Ostružnica. It is connected to the Belgrade's major freight train station and the marshalling yard of Makiš.

A new Ostružnica road bridge, in the final stages of construction, was bombed during NATO air attacks on Yugoslavia in 1999 and wasn't finished until 2005. It represents one of the major sections of the Belgrade bypass.

Demographics[edit]

Ostružnica is classified as an urban settlement, with a fluctuating population count:

  • 1921: 1,497
  • 1961: 3,871
  • 1971: 4,011
  • 1981: 4,060
  • 1991: 3,628
  • 2002: 3,929
  • 2011: 4,218

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011 Census of Population, Households and Dwellings in the Republic of Serbia: Comparative Overview of the Number of Population in 1948, 1953, 1961, 1971, 1981, 1991, 2002 and 2011, Data by settlements" (PDF). Statistical Office of Republic Of Serbia, Belgrade. 2014. p. 32. ISBN 978-86-6161-109-4. Retrieved 2014-06-27. 
  2. ^ Aleksandar Bačko, Maleševci – clan with family feast on st. Ignatius day, Association of citizens “Serbian despot”, Series of Serbian ethnography and history, vol. 1, Belgrade 2007. (in Serbian: Малешевци – род који слави св. Игњатија), pp. 130, 181
  3. ^ Rista T. Nikolić, Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Serbian ethnographical series, vol. 5, Settlements and origin of inhabitants, vol. 2, Belgrade (1903), pp. 952, 1026.
  4. ^ Bačko, 130, 181
  5. ^ Nikolić, pp. 952, 1026.
  6. ^ "Ostružnica srce srpskih ustanaka". Večernje Novosti. 1 February 2015. 

Sources[edit]

  • Mala Prosvetina Enciklopedija, Third edition (1985); Prosveta; ISBN 86-07-00001-2
  • Jovan Đ. Marković (1990): Enciklopedijski geografski leksikon Jugoslavije; Svjetlost-Sarajevo; ISBN 86-01-02651-6
  • Aleksandar Bačko, Maleševci – clan with family feast on st. Ignatius day, Association of citizens “Serbian despot”, Series of Serbian ethnography and history, vol. 1, Belgrade 2007. (in Serbian: Малешевци – род који слави св. Игњатија)
  • Nikolić Rista T, Belgrade area, Serbian academy of sciences and arts, Serbian ethnographical series, vol. 5, Settlements and origin of inhabitants, vol. 2, Belgrade 1903. (in Serbian: Околина Београда)